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STRATEGIES OF THE CIVIL WAR

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STRATEGIES OF THE CIVIL WAR. The Arts of Death. Focus Question. What do teams need to do in order to win a game?. OBJECTIVES. After today’s lesson, you will: Outline the major strengths and weaknesses of both sides in the Civil War

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Presentation Transcript
focus question
Focus Question
  • What do teams need to do in order to win a game?
objectives
OBJECTIVES

After today’s lesson, you will:

  • Outline the major strengths and weaknesses of both sides in the Civil War
  • Describe the strategies of the two sides during the Civil War
breakdown of the union
Breakdown of the Union
  • Military commanders in the South turned over U.S. forts and arsenals to Southern forces
    • Allowed growth of the Confederate Army
    • Left the Union weak in the South
  • By April 1861, the Union held three forts in the South
fort sumter
Fort Sumter
  • Bombing of Fort Sumter starts the war
  • Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteers
    • “Put down the insurrection”
    • Three month enlistment
  • Four states in the Upper South secede
first battle of bull run
First Battle of Bull Run
  • “One Big Battle” mentality
  • Met in Northern Virginia on July 21, 1861
    • Southerners proved victorious
    • Victory was not decisive
  • Both sides hunkered down for a long war
slide7

“The Civil War was a 19th Century war fought with 20th Century weapons and 18th Century tactics”

strategies of the war
Strategies of the War

Union Plan

  • Anaconda Plan
    • Designed by Winfield Scott
  • Blockade the South
  • Seize control of the Mississippi
  • Capture Richmond
strategies of the war1
Strategies of the War

Southern Plan

  • “Active Defense”
  • Defend Southern territory
  • Active when holding the advantage
  • Encourage foreign support
  • Prolong the War
results
Results
  • Northern strategy and economy defeated the South
    • Union able to set the pace of the war
    • Union used its superior economy to defeat the South
  • War effectively ends on April 9, 1865 with the surrender at Appomattox Court House
summary
Summary
  • Explain in two-three sentences how this lesson could be improved
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