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What are STD’s or STI’s?. S exually T ransmitted I nfection. Diseases that are transmitted through all types of sexual activity. “The surest way to avoid transmission of STD’s is to abstain from sexual contact.”. S exually T ransmitted D isease. Centers for Disease Control & Prevention.

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What are std s or sti s

What are STD’s or STI’s?

Sexually Transmitted Infection

Diseases that are transmitted through all types of sexual activity

“The surest way to avoid transmission of STD’s is to abstain from sexual contact.”

SexuallyTransmittedDisease

Centers for Disease Control & Prevention


HOW COMMON ARE STD’S?

20 million

Approximately

new cases every single year!

Young people aged 15-24 account for nearly half of new STD’s each year.

1 in 4 sexually active teenager has an STD.


Where did

STD’s come from?

Only major STD’s before the 1960’s.

Now we have 25-30 major STD’s!

When a body receives too many unfamiliar germs, a disease can be created.



CHLAMYDIA

The Fertility Thief

  • Symptoms

    • NO SYMPTOMS at all

    • Abnormal discharge

    • Burning or itching

    • Abdominal Pain

  • Chlamydia Facts

    • An estimated 2.8 million infections occur annually in the U.S.


A normal cervix compared

to an infected cervix.


GONORRHEA

The Silent Carrier

  • Symptoms

    • NO SYMPTOMS at all

    • Abnormal discharge

    • Burning or itching

Gonorrhea Facts

300,000 cases reported annually in U.S., but an estimate of over 700,000 are infected each year.

Becoming resistant to the only treatment option.


Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

(PID)

NOT AN STD, but is a disease associated with bacterial STD’s, such as Chlamydia & Gonorrhea.

Infection of the female reproductive organs.

Can lead to infertility or ectopic pregnancy.

Each year more than 750,000 women in the U.S. experience PID.


A 23 year old female visited her doctor with abdominal pain a few weeks after having sex with her new boyfriend.

Right fallopian tube should be the size of an earthworm. The outer end is blocked, causing fluid to accumulate and enlarge the tube.

After aggressive medical therapy, the right tube and ovary had to be removed. She was told she will probably be unable to conceive.


A female in her mid 20’s was unable to get pregnant because of a blocked fallopian tube due to PID when she was 18.

The blue dye was inserted into the tube and has collected at the tip and cannot escape. Therefore neither the egg or a sperm could pass through this tube.


SYPHILIS because of a blocked fallopian tube due to PID when she was 18.

The Great Mimic

  • Symptoms

    • May not have symptoms for years.

    • Single or multiple sores – usually painless.

    • Rash on hands & feet.

  • Syphilis Facts

    • Sore heals itself in 3-6 weeks, but if not treated can lead to 2nd & 3rd stage which can cause brain & organ damage.

    • Passed through direct contact with syphilis sore.


Syphilis Sore on Mouth because of a blocked fallopian tube due to PID when she was 18.

Syphilis Sore


Syphilis sore on lower abdomen
Syphilis Sore on Lower Abdomen because of a blocked fallopian tube due to PID when she was 18.

Syphilis Sore


YOUR FUTURE FAMILY because of a blocked fallopian tube due to PID when she was 18.

Even though there are no immediate signs or symptoms, STD’s can damage your body including the reproduction system.

Each year untreated STD’s take away at least 24,000 women’s chance to have her own children later in life.

Chlamydia, syphilis & gonorrhea can infect the baby of a woman during pregnancy causing complications to the baby.


GENITAL HERPES because of a blocked fallopian tube due to PID when she was 18.

Recurrent Infection

  • 2 Types of Herpes

    • HSV-1 = common cold sore (NOT STD)

    • HSV-2 = genital cold sore (STD)

  • Symptoms

    • Sometimes no symptoms

    • Blister or sore on genital skin

    • Flu-like symptoms

    • Difficulty urinating


GENITAL HERPES because of a blocked fallopian tube due to PID when she was 18.

Recurrent Infection

  • Genital Herpes Facts

    • 1 in 6 people age 14-49 are infected with HSV-2

    • Herpes can spread even if there is no visible sore or symptoms of the virus.

    • Often times herpes cause psychological distress.

    • A baby is at risk to a fatal infection if a pregnant women carries the herpes virus.

YOU CAN NEVER GET RID OF THE HERPES VIRUS!


Genital Herpes on the male genital because of a blocked fallopian tube due to PID when she was 18.


Genital Herpes on the female genital because of a blocked fallopian tube due to PID when she was 18.


HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS (HPV) because of a blocked fallopian tube due to PID when she was 18.

Most Common STD

  • There is no cure for HPV

  • 40+ different types of HPV

  • Symptoms

    • Mouth & throat infections

    • Sometimes no symptoms

    • Genital warts

    • Genital cancer

    • Cervical cancer


HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS (HPV) because of a blocked fallopian tube due to PID when she was 18.

Most Common STD

  • HPV Facts

    • Approximately79 million Americans are infected with HPV.

    • Approximately 14 million new infections each year.

More than 50%of sexually active people will get HPV at some point during their lives.


Genital Warts (HPV) on the male genital because of a blocked fallopian tube due to PID when she was 18.


Genital Warts (HPV) on the female genital because of a blocked fallopian tube due to PID when she was 18.


HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS (HPV) because of a blocked fallopian tube due to PID when she was 18.

Most Common STD

  • HPV & Cervical Cancer

    • Each year10,300women get cervical cancer.

    • Each year5,000women die of cervical cancer.

    • Regular screening tests (pap test) are important to catch early signs of the virus.

There is no other clinical test for HPV.


HEALTHY CERVIX because of a blocked fallopian tube due to PID when she was 18.

UNHEALTHY CERVIX


PROCEDURE TO REMOVE ABNORMAL CELLS because of a blocked fallopian tube due to PID when she was 18.


HIV/AIDS because of a blocked fallopian tube due to PID when she was 18.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

The Fatal STD

  • Symptoms

    • Sometime no symptoms at all

    • Flu-like symptoms

  • What does HIV/AIDS do to a body?

    • HIV destroys specific blood cells which are crucial to helping the body fight disease & sickness.

    • AIDS is the late stage of HIV when a persons immune system is severely damaged.


HIV/AIDS because of a blocked fallopian tube due to PID when she was 18.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

The Fatal STD

  • HIV Facts

    • HIV can be transmitted through bodily fluids, unclean needles, blood and birth.

    • It is not spread through air, insects or touch.

    • A combination of medicines can prolong an infected persons life.


HIV/AIDS because of a blocked fallopian tube due to PID when she was 18.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

The Fatal STD

  • HIV Facts

    • It can take 3-6 months for the HIV antibodies to

      • be detected in a persons body. During this time the virus can still be passed to others.

    • Nearly 18,000 people in the U.S. die of AIDS each year.


What about teen pregnancy

What about teen pregnancy? because of a blocked fallopian tube due to PID when she was 18.

3 in 10 teen girls in the US will get pregnant at least once before age 20.

That’s about 745,000 teen pregnancies a year!


Less than half of teen moms under 18 ever graduate from high school and fewer than 2% earn a college degree by age 30

8 out of 10 teen fathers don’t marry the mother of their child.

20% of teens younger than 18 using condoms get pregnant within a year.

20% of those aged 12-18 using the birth-control pill get pregnant within 6 months.

7 in 10 pregnancies among single women 18-29 are unplanned.


ABSTINENCE! school and fewer than 2% earn a college degree by age 30

.

is the only 100% effective method of preventing pregnancy and STD’s


Statistics and information school and fewer than 2% earn a college degree by age 30acquired from . . .Center for Disease Control, National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy and Hooked by Dr. Joe Mcilhaney and Dr. Freda McKissic Bush.


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