Globalization Trends:  An Emerging Markets Response to Americanization
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Globalization Trends: An Emerging Markets Response to Americanization LIR 554 October 28, 2008 Joshua Dahms, Sam Leibold, Tyler Micenheimer, Gus Otalvora PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Globalization Trends: An Emerging Markets Response to Americanization LIR 554 October 28, 2008 Joshua Dahms, Sam Leibold, Tyler Micenheimer, Gus Otalvora. Americanization. Traditional Globalization flowed from developed markets to emerging markets. Often dubbed, “Americanization”

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Globalization Trends: An Emerging Markets Response to Americanization LIR 554 October 28, 2008 Joshua Dahms, Sam Leibold, Tyler Micenheimer, Gus Otalvora

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Globalization trends an emerging markets response to americanization lir 554 october 28 2008 joshua dahms sam leibo

Globalization Trends: An Emerging Markets Response to AmericanizationLIR 554October 28, 2008Joshua Dahms, Sam Leibold, Tyler Micenheimer, Gus Otalvora


Americanization

Americanization

  • Traditional Globalization flowed from developed markets to emerging markets.

    • Often dubbed, “Americanization”

  • Flow has begun to reverse with emerging markets expanding into developed markets

    • Drastic increase in the number of emerging marketing companies acquiring developed market companies

    • In 2005, emerging economies accounted for half of the world’s GDP for the first time since the industrial age


Globalization trends an emerging markets response to americanization lir 554 october 28 2008 joshua dahms sam leibo

  • Booming emerging market growth is evidenced by their increasing presence in the Fortune 500

    • 62 companies in the Fortune 500 from emerging markets

    • Largest increases in BRIC countries


Emerging market transformation

Rapid growth in home-market consumers

Increasing middle class

Growing by 70 million per year

Better understanding of home market than established market companies

Development of domestic financial markets

Stock exchanges

Corporate debt markets

Providing necessary capital to expand abroad

Opening of established capital markets

NYSE seeks to list shares on Shanghai stock exchange

Previous volatility and bad economic policy has made emerging market business leaders flexible and comfortable with rapid change

Forced to concentrate on cutting costs, raising productivity, and keeping a strong cashflow

Emerging Market Transformation


Ibm lenovo

Chinese computer maker Lenovo purchases IBM P.C. division for $1.75 billion in 2005

Decision prompted by massive Chinese GDP growth, per-capita income growth, and demand growth

“It took 25 years for the PC to get to the first billion consumers; the next billion should take seven years

Lenovo CEO, Bill Amelio

IBM/Lenovo


Tata land rover jaguar

Indian conglomerate Tata purchases the two companies for approx. $2 billion.

Took advantage of Ford’s short-sighted search for liquidity

Plans to capitalize on rising per-capita income in India and growth in the luxury car market

Follows the company’s strategy of deep decentralization

Company sells some of the cheapest and most expensive cars in the world (i.e. Tata Nano $2500, Jaguar $75-80,000)

Tata/Land Rover-Jaguar


Sovereign wealth funds

Sovereign Wealth Funds

  • Sub-prime crisis leads U.S. banks to seek capital infusion from abroad

    • $69 billion in capital from developing countries in 10 months

  • Foreign direct investments (FDI) in strategic infrastructure have caused concerns

    • Govt. of Dubai seeks to acquire U.S. port operator

  • Many funds only take minority stakes fearing a protectionist backlash


Implications protectionist backlash

Many Americans feel this trend will lead to loss of American jobs to emerging markets

Academic evidence wholly disagrees with this claim

Techno-nationalists fear innovation will shift from America to the developing world.

Microsoft and IBM’s establishment of R&D centers in India and China

Concerns over National Security

Investments in strategic infrastructure

Risk that funds may abuse financial markets holding too much power

Congress initially blocked sale of IBM P.C. division over concerns of intellectual property abuse by Chinese Govt.

Implications: Protectionist Backlash


The dangers of protectionism

The Dangers of Protectionism

  • Protectionism will slow the rise of emerging markets from poverty

    • Leaving vast unrealized potential

  • FDI helps the economy adjust to imbalances and to spread financial capital, technology, and knowledge

    • Gives countries stakes in each other’s prosperity


Hot flat and crowded a call to action for america

In a time of increased environmental concern and general uncertainty, protectionism becomes even more dangerous

Now more than ever there needs to be collaboration and innovation on a global scale

A defensive America will not capitalize on the capabilities of its people, but merely protect outside influences from forcing growth in those capabilities.

Again this has serious implications regarding a global energy crisis—innovation has become critical

“Hot, Flat, and Crowded”: A Call to Action for America


Hot flat and crowded a call to action for america1

“Hot, Flat, and Crowded”: A Call to Action for America

  • “An America living in a defensive crouch cannot fully tap the vast rivers of idealism, innovation, volunteerism, and philanthropy that still flow through our nation. And it cannot play the vital role it has long played for the rest of the world - as a beacon of hope and the country that can always be counted on to lead the world in response to whatever is the most important challenge of the day. We need that America - and we need to be that America - more than ever today.”


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