Causes of the civil war
Download
1 / 14

Causes of the Civil War - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 76 Views
  • Uploaded on

Causes of the Civil War. 1. Northwest Ordinance. (1787) Banned slavery in the Northwest territories. 2. Missouri Compromise - 1820. Created MO/ME and banned slavery north of the 36 ° parallel. Kept the balance of free & slave states in the Senate. 3.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Causes of the Civil War' - romney


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

1

Northwest

Ordinance

(1787) Banned slavery in the Northwest territories


2

Missouri Compromise - 1820

Created MO/ME and banned slavery north of the 36° parallel

Kept the balance of free & slave states in the Senate


3

NULLFICATION CRISIS (1832) – States’ Rights vs. Preserving the Union

South Carolina nullifies Tariff of Abominations & threatens to secede


Slavery in America

The issue stayed in the background after the Missouri Compromise

The proposal to add new states and territories (Texas, New Mexico, and California) brought the issue back up

On numerous occasions, Congress made motions to not discuss the topic in session


4

Wilmot Proviso

  • A bitter debate over slavery in the new west

  • Rep. David Wilmot (Penn)

    • Proposed slavery be prohibited in any land acquired from Mexico

  • Sen. John Calhoun (S.C.)

    • No govt. authority can prohibit or regulate slavery in a territory

  • Neither proposal passed, but intensified the debate


4

Moderate Views

  • Some say Missouri Compromise line should extend west

  • Others called for popular sovereignty

    • People in the territories will vote on whether to allow or deny slavery

  • Some say Missouri Compromise line should extend west

  • Others called for popular sovereignty

    • People in the territories will vote on whether to allow or deny slavery


1st president never previously elected to a public office


Debate of 1850

Debate in Congress centered on California becoming a state

The old guard of 19th century politicians take the lead in Congress

Clay seeks a compromise and makes over 70 speeches in the House (Webster supported holding the Union together)

In the Senate, Calhoun (too sick to read his own statements) calls for the south to secede – DIES DURING THE DEBATE


COMPROMISE OF 1850

President Taylor wants to abolish slavery and threatens to veto the bill

Taylor dies suddenly– Millard Fillmore

becomes President & signs the bill


5

COMPROMISE OF 1850

Terms:

California admitted as a free state

For the North

Slave trade abolished in District of Columbia

Texas gave up its western lands for $10 million

New Mexico & Utah organized under popular sovereignty

For the South

Fugitive Slave Law passed


Fugitive Slave Law

6

Return escaped slaves to their state & owner/all citizens expected to help


Whig party dying!!!

Whigs choose another Mexican War General (another war hero like Jackson)


Quickwrite # 8

Northerners should/should notfollow the Fugitive Slave Act and assist in capturing “runaway” slaves because…


ad