Exploring Disagreement: Children’s & Mothers’ Reports of Children’s Moods. Diana Harrington School of Social Ecology University of California, Irvine May 13, 2006 UROP Symposium. Children’s Moods. Can children become depressed?. Why do we care if they do?.
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Exploring Disagreement: Children’s & Mothers’ Reports of Children’s Moods
School of Social Ecology
University of California, Irvine
May 13, 2006
Children’s Moods Children’s Moods
Who can tell us about children’s emotional states? Children’s Moods
Do they say the same thing?
(Cole, 2000,2002; Muris, 2003) Children’s Moods
Other Existing Information
They do not.
What We Do Not Know Children’s Moods
Hypotheses Children’s Moods
2. Older children’s reports will be more highly associated with mothers’ reports than will younger children’s reports.
3. Girls’ reports will be more highly associated with mothers’ reports than will boys’ reports.
The Data: Children’s Moods
Dr. Carol Whalen
The Participants Children’s Moods
Data Analysis Children’s Moods
Results: Children’s Moods
Do the data support the hypotheses?
r = 0.604**
2.Older children’s reports will be more highly associated with mothers’ reportsthan will younger children’s reports.
3.Girls’ reports will bemore highly associatedwith mothers’ reports than will boys’ reports.
Discussion: p < 0.01
What does this all mean?
Parents’ and children’s reports are p < 0.01NOT interchangeable.
Speculations p < 0.01
“Sad,” “worried” “Bored”
“Worried” & “Stress” confusion
Limitations p < 0.01
Range of moods
Future Research p < 0.01
Aknowledgments: p < 0.01
Dr. Carol Whalen
Dr. Sharon Ishikawa
Dr. Valerie Jenness
References p < 0.01
Cole, David A., et al. (2000). Structural differences in parent and child reports of children’s symptoms of depression and anxiety. Psychological Assessment. 17, 174-185
Cole, David A., et al. (2002). Individual differences in the emergence of depressive symptoms in children and adolescents: a longitudinal investigation of parent and child reports. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 111, 156-165
Ferro, Tova, et al. (1994). Depressive disorders: distinctions in children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 33, 664-670
Fincham, Frank D., et. al. (1998). Children’s attributions in the family: The children’s relationship attribution measure. Journal of Family Psychology. 12, 481-493
Hankin, Benjamin L., et al. (1998). Development of depression from preadolescence to young adulthood: emerging gender differences in a 10-year longitudinal study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 107, 128-140
Larson, R., & Richards, M. H. (1994) Divergent Realities: The emotional lives of mothers, fathers, and adolescents. New York: Basic Books.
Larson, R. W., et al. (2002). Continuity, stability, and change in daily emotional experiences across adolescence. Child Development. 73, 1151-1165
Muris, Peter, Meesters, Cor, & Spinder, Miranda (2003). Relationships between child- and parent-reported behavioural inhibition and symptoms of anxiety and depression in normal adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences. 34, 759-771
Roza, Sabine J., et. al. (2003). Stable prediction of mood and anxiety disorders based on behavioral and emotional problems in childhood: a 14-year follow-up during childhood, adolescence, and young adulthood. American Journal of Psychiatry. 160, 2116-2121
Sørensen, Merete Juul, et al. (2004) Age and gender differences in depressive symptomology and comorbidity: an incident sample of psychiatrically admitted children. Journal of Affective Disorders. 84, 85-91
Steinberg, Lawrence (2002). Adolescence. New York: McGraw-Hill.