The Haitian Revolution. 1791-1803. Aim: Was the Haitian Revolution a success or a failure?. Do Now: Handout As we go over the handout please fill in the answers to the questions listed. .
The Haitian Revolution
1697 - Treaty formally ceded the western third of Hispaniola from Spain to France, which renamed it Saint-Domingue
Wealthy plantation owners
Discontented with France
United in favor of slavery
Artisans, shop keepers, merchants, teachers
Less independence-minded and more loyal to France
Also approved of slavery
Children of white Frenchmen and black slave women
Tense relationship w/slaves
½ freed slaves
Owned plantations and slaves
Denied their African roots
Dressed exceptionally well
Catholic rather than Voodoo
French rather than Creole
100,000 – Domestics
More Loyal to Masters
400,000 - Field Hand
Treated very cruelly
“Article 1. Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. Social distinctions may only be founded upon the general good.”
“ The aim of all political association is the preservation of the natural and imprescriptibly rights of man. These rights are liberty, property, security and resistance to oppression”
1804 – Haitians declare independence
Would the Hatian Revolution have succeeded without Toussaint L’Ouverture?Activity:Examine the List of Toussaint’s greatest achievements as interpreted by Historian Milton Bekerman. Which of his achievements most benefitted the people of Haiti?
Was the Haitian revolution truly successful?
Was the Haitian Revolution truly successful even though Haiti is mired in poverty today?