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Using a Mk1 Kit. After a Terrorist Attack. Using GB Nerve Agent. Click here to continue. Directions: This is a self-paced course on the use of a MK1 Kit after exposure to GB nerve agent. Proceed through the course by clicking on the Take the exam at the end of the training.

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Using a Mk1 Kit

After a Terrorist Attack

Using GB Nerve Agent

Click here to continue


Directions:

This is a self-paced course on the use of a MK1 Kit after exposure to GB nerve agent.

Proceed through the course by clicking on the

Take the exam at the end of the training.

When you reach “THE END” you have satisfactorily completed the course.

Click here to continue

icon.

Click here to continue


If you have any questions on this topic during or after this training, please contact William Allen at:

(870) 850-1419

or

[email protected]

Click here to continue


The Terminal Performance Objective (for this training module)…

If given a Mk1 auto-injector Kit and after being exposed to nerve agent in a terrorist attack, you should be able to give a victim or yourself a shot of Atropine and 2-PAM Chloride.

Click here to continue


Testable Enabling Objectives… module)…

  • Recall the originally intended use of nerve agent

  • Recall the symptoms of exposure to nerve agent

  • Recall how many symptoms of nerve agent exposure you need to see before giving a victim an injection using the MK1 auto-injector kit

Click here to continue


Chapter 1 module)…

The History of G-Series Nerve Agent

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Types of G-type Nerve Agent… module)…

  • GA (also know as Tabun)

  • GB (also know as Sarin)

  • GD (also know as Soman)

  • GF (also know as cyclosarin)

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Accidentally discovered in Germany in 1936 by a Dr. Gerhard Schrader.

Dr. Schrader and his research team had been assigned to develop a new and better insecticide.

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Within minutes of spilling a drop of Tabun (GA) on his work bench, everyone in lab was the first to experience symptoms of exposure to GA.


How toxic is GB vapor nerve agent?? Schrader.

If 10 people inhaled GB vapor at a concentration of 35 mg-min/m3, 5 of them would die.

Click here to continue

A m3 is a cube of air about 3 feet by 3 feet by 3 feet

To visualize 35 milligrams (mg)…a gram is equivalent to about 17 grains of sand…so 35 mg is about ½ grain of sand distributed evenly in a 3 foot by 3 foot by 3 foot cube of air


How toxic is GB liquid nerve agent?? Schrader.

If 10 people got 1700 mg of GB liquid on their skin, 5 of them would die.

To visualize 1700 milligrams (mg)…a gram is equivalent to about 17 grains of sand…so 1700 mg is about 28 grains of sand

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1700 mg or 28 grains of sand Schrader.

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How nerve agent kills you Schrader.

(click on picture to repeat video)

************************

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Chapter 2 Schrader.

Symptoms of exposure to GB Nerve Agent

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GB nerve agent is classified as Schrader.non-persistent…

That means it easily evaporates and is primarily a vapor

(inhalation) hazard

Nerve agent VX and incapacitating agent HD (mustard gas) are “persistent” (don’t readily evaporate) and primarily a liquid (skin) exposure hazard

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Symptoms of Mild Schrader.

Exposure to GB Vapor

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

  • Miosis (pinpointed pupils) –

  • A headache (pain behind the eyes) –

  • Dim or blurred vision –

  • Runny noise –

  • Excessive salivation –

  • Chest tightness -

Click here to continue


Symptoms of Mild Schrader.

Exposure to GB Liquid (skin contact)

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

  • Localized sweating –

  • Localized muscle twitching -

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Symptoms of Moderate Schrader.

Exposure to GB Vapor/Liquid

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

  • Mild signs of exposure –

  • plus

  • Increase shortness of breath –

  • Coughing/Wheezing –

  • Nausea/Vomiting –

  • Diarrhea -

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Symptoms of Severe Schrader.

Exposure to GB Vapor/Liquid

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

  • Moderate signs of exposure –

  • plus

  • Generalized weakness/Twitching –

  • Loss of consciousness –

  • Convulsions –

  • Severe respiratory distress –

  • Flaccid paralysis and apnea -

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Chapter 3 Schrader.

Emegency/First Aid Procedures exposure to GB Nerve Agent

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Emergency/1 Schrader.st Aid Procedures

****************************

** Protect yourself first

by donning a gas mask **

Then

- IMMEDIATELY mask and remove victim

from contaminated area

- Remove all contaminated clothing

- Decontaminated the victim with soap and

water

- If victim is showing at least two (2)

symptoms of exposure to GB, use one (1)

Mk1 Kit on the victim

Click here to continue


The Mk1 auto-injector Kit Schrader.

************************

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Each Mk1 Auto-injector kit contains - Schrader.

1 small Atropine injector

  • 1 large 2-PAM Chloride

  • injector

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Referring back to the video… Schrader.

Click here to continue

The first shot you will give a victim is Atropine (smaller auto-injector…yellow cap)

Safety Cap End

Needle End


CAUTION!! Schrader.

DO NOT touch the needle-end (colored end) of the injector; injector can function into the

fingers or hand if any pressure is applied to this end of the ejector

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1 Schrader.st Injection (Atropine)…

  • Remove yellow safety cap

  • Carefully grasp auto-injector at the

    middle section

  • Place the injector

    on the thickest

    part of the thigh

    and press hard

    until injector

    functions

  • Hold auto-injector in

    place about 10 seconds

Click here to continue


For small-framed personnel, the injection point is the upper portion of the buttocks

Care must be taken to prevent needle injection into bone

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2 portion of the buttocksnd Injection (2-PAM Chloride)…

  • IMMEDIATELY repeat steps

    already covered

  • Remove grey safety cap

  • Carefully grasp auto-injector at the

  • middle section

  • Place the injector on the thickest part of the

  • thigh and press hard until injector functions

  • Hold auto-injector in place about 10 seconds

Click here to continue


Wait 5-20 minutes and repeat injections if symptoms of agent exposure still exist

Get victim to medical

attention ASAP!!

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- exposure still existFor SEVERE Symptoms of Exposure to GB

Vapor/Liquid

(Moderate signs of exposure, plus generalized weakness/twitching, loss of consciousness, convulsions, severe respiratory distress, flaccid paralysis and apnea)

IMMEDIATELY give the victim 3 Mk1 injector kits

Click here to continue


Are you ready for the exam? exposure still exist

Click here to repeat training module

Click here to continue


Question #1 – What was the originally intended use for nerve agent? (Click on the appropriate answer)

  • For use as fertilizer for farming

  • For use as oven cleaner

  • For use as an insecticide

  • For use as suntan lotion


INCORRECT!! nerve agent?

Click here to review the training material applicable to this question again


Accidentally discovered in Germany in 1936 by a Dr. Gerhard Schrader.

Dr. Schrader and his research team had been assigned to develop a new and better insecticide.

Click here to return to Question #1

Within minutes of spilling a drop of Tabun (GA) on his work bench, everyone in lab was the first to experience symptoms of exposure to GA.


GOOD JOB!! Your answer is CORRECT. Schrader.

Continue to Question #2

Click here to continue to Question #2


Question #2 – What is a symptom of MILD EXPOSURE to VAPOR nerve agent?

  • Unconsciousness

  • Pinpointed pupils

  • Severe chest pain

  • Vomiting/Diarrhea


INCORRECT!! nerve agent?

Click here to review the training material applicable to this question again


Symptoms of Mild nerve agent?

Exposure to GB Vapor

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

  • Miosis (pinpointed pupils) –

  • A headache (pain behind the eyes) –

  • Dim or blurred vision –

  • Runny noise –

  • Excessive salivation –

  • Chest tightness -

Click here to return to Question #2


GOOD JOB!! Your answer is CORRECT. nerve agent?

Continue to Question #3

Click here to continue to Question #3


Question #3 – How many symptoms of exposure to nerve agent do you need to observe before you give a victim the shots of a MK1 auto- injector kit?

  • 1

  • 2

  • 3

  • 4


INCORRECT!! do you need to observe before you give a victim the shots of a MK1 auto- injector kit?

Click here to review the training material applicable to this question again


Emergency/1 do you need to observe before you give a victim the shots of a MK1 auto- injector kit?st Aid Procedures

****************************

** Protect yourself first

by donning a gas mask **

  • Then

  • IMMEDIATELY mask and remove victim

    from contaminated area

  • Remove all contaminated clothing

  • Decontaminated the victim with soap and

    water

  • If victim is showing at least two (2)

    symptoms of exposure to GB, use one (1)

    Mk1 Kit on the victim

Click here to return to Question #3


GOOD JOB!! Your answer is CORRECT. do you need to observe before you give a victim the shots of a MK1 auto- injector kit?

Click here to continue


References: do you need to observe before you give a victim the shots of a MK1 auto- injector kit?

All information and pictures used in this PowerPoint were copied from various existing Washington Demilitarization Company training modules at the Pine Bluff Arsenal Chemical Demilitarization Facility.


The END!! do you need to observe before you give a victim the shots of a MK1 auto- injector kit?


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