Using a Mk1 Kit
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Using a Mk1 Kit. After a Terrorist Attack. Using GB Nerve Agent. Click here to continue. Directions: This is a self-paced course on the use of a MK1 Kit after exposure to GB nerve agent. Proceed through the course by clicking on the Take the exam at the end of the training.

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Using a Mk1 Kit

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Using a mk1 kit

Using a Mk1 Kit

After a Terrorist Attack

Using GB Nerve Agent

Click here to continue


Using a mk1 kit

Directions:

This is a self-paced course on the use of a MK1 Kit after exposure to GB nerve agent.

Proceed through the course by clicking on the

Take the exam at the end of the training.

When you reach “THE END” you have satisfactorily completed the course.

Click here to continue

icon.

Click here to continue


Using a mk1 kit

If you have any questions on this topic during or after this training, please contact William Allen at:

(870) 850-1419

or

[email protected]

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Using a mk1 kit

The Terminal Performance Objective (for this training module)…

If given a Mk1 auto-injector Kit and after being exposed to nerve agent in a terrorist attack, you should be able to give a victim or yourself a shot of Atropine and 2-PAM Chloride.

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Using a mk1 kit

Testable Enabling Objectives…

  • Recall the originally intended use of nerve agent

  • Recall the symptoms of exposure to nerve agent

  • Recall how many symptoms of nerve agent exposure you need to see before giving a victim an injection using the MK1 auto-injector kit

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Using a mk1 kit

Chapter 1

The History of G-Series Nerve Agent

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Using a mk1 kit

Types of G-type Nerve Agent…

  • GA (also know as Tabun)

  • GB (also know as Sarin)

  • GD (also know as Soman)

  • GF (also know as cyclosarin)

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Using a mk1 kit

Accidentally discovered in Germany in 1936 by a Dr. Gerhard Schrader.

Dr. Schrader and his research team had been assigned to develop a new and better insecticide.

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Within minutes of spilling a drop of Tabun (GA) on his work bench, everyone in lab was the first to experience symptoms of exposure to GA.


Using a mk1 kit

How toxic is GB vapor nerve agent??

If 10 people inhaled GB vapor at a concentration of 35 mg-min/m3, 5 of them would die.

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A m3 is a cube of air about 3 feet by 3 feet by 3 feet

To visualize 35 milligrams (mg)…a gram is equivalent to about 17 grains of sand…so 35 mg is about ½ grain of sand distributed evenly in a 3 foot by 3 foot by 3 foot cube of air


Using a mk1 kit

How toxic is GB liquid nerve agent??

If 10 people got 1700 mg of GB liquid on their skin, 5 of them would die.

To visualize 1700 milligrams (mg)…a gram is equivalent to about 17 grains of sand…so 1700 mg is about 28 grains of sand

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Using a mk1 kit

1700 mg or 28 grains of sand

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Using a mk1 kit

How nerve agent kills you

(click on picture to repeat video)

************************

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Using a mk1 kit

Chapter 2

Symptoms of exposure to GB Nerve Agent

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Using a mk1 kit

GB nerve agent is classified as non-persistent…

That means it easily evaporates and is primarily a vapor

(inhalation) hazard

Nerve agent VX and incapacitating agent HD (mustard gas) are “persistent” (don’t readily evaporate) and primarily a liquid (skin) exposure hazard

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Using a mk1 kit

Symptoms of Mild

Exposure to GB Vapor

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

  • Miosis (pinpointed pupils) –

  • A headache (pain behind the eyes) –

  • Dim or blurred vision –

  • Runny noise –

  • Excessive salivation –

  • Chest tightness -

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Using a mk1 kit

Symptoms of Mild

Exposure to GB Liquid (skin contact)

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

  • Localized sweating –

  • Localized muscle twitching -

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Using a mk1 kit

Symptoms of Moderate

Exposure to GB Vapor/Liquid

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

  • Mild signs of exposure –

  • plus

  • Increase shortness of breath –

  • Coughing/Wheezing –

  • Nausea/Vomiting –

  • Diarrhea -

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Using a mk1 kit

Symptoms of Severe

Exposure to GB Vapor/Liquid

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

  • Moderate signs of exposure –

  • plus

  • Generalized weakness/Twitching –

  • Loss of consciousness –

  • Convulsions –

  • Severe respiratory distress –

  • Flaccid paralysis and apnea -

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Using a mk1 kit

Chapter 3

Emegency/First Aid Procedures exposure to GB Nerve Agent

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Using a mk1 kit

Emergency/1st Aid Procedures

****************************

** Protect yourself first

by donning a gas mask **

Then

- IMMEDIATELY mask and remove victim

from contaminated area

- Remove all contaminated clothing

- Decontaminated the victim with soap and

water

- If victim is showing at least two (2)

symptoms of exposure to GB, use one (1)

Mk1 Kit on the victim

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Using a mk1 kit

The Mk1 auto-injector Kit

************************

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Using a mk1 kit

Each Mk1 Auto-injector kit contains -

1 small Atropine injector

  • 1 large 2-PAM Chloride

  • injector

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Using a mk1 kit

Referring back to the video…

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The first shot you will give a victim is Atropine (smaller auto-injector…yellow cap)

Safety Cap End

Needle End


Using a mk1 kit

CAUTION!!

DO NOT touch the needle-end (colored end) of the injector; injector can function into the

fingers or hand if any pressure is applied to this end of the ejector

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Using a mk1 kit

1st Injection (Atropine)…

  • Remove yellow safety cap

  • Carefully grasp auto-injector at the

    middle section

  • Place the injector

    on the thickest

    part of the thigh

    and press hard

    until injector

    functions

  • Hold auto-injector in

    place about 10 seconds

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Using a mk1 kit

For small-framed personnel, the injection point is the upper portion of the buttocks

Care must be taken to prevent needle injection into bone

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Using a mk1 kit

2nd Injection (2-PAM Chloride)…

  • IMMEDIATELY repeat steps

    already covered

  • Remove grey safety cap

  • Carefully grasp auto-injector at the

  • middle section

  • Place the injector on the thickest part of the

  • thigh and press hard until injector functions

  • Hold auto-injector in place about 10 seconds

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Using a mk1 kit

Wait 5-20 minutes and repeat injections if symptoms of agent exposure still exist

Get victim to medical

attention ASAP!!

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Using a mk1 kit

- For SEVERE Symptoms of Exposure to GB

Vapor/Liquid

(Moderate signs of exposure, plus generalized weakness/twitching, loss of consciousness, convulsions, severe respiratory distress, flaccid paralysis and apnea)

IMMEDIATELY give the victim 3 Mk1 injector kits

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Using a mk1 kit

Are you ready for the exam?

Click here to repeat training module

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Using a mk1 kit

Question #1 – What was the originally intended use for nerve agent? (Click on the appropriate answer)

  • For use as fertilizer for farming

  • For use as oven cleaner

  • For use as an insecticide

  • For use as suntan lotion


Using a mk1 kit

INCORRECT!!

Click here to review the training material applicable to this question again


Using a mk1 kit

Accidentally discovered in Germany in 1936 by a Dr. Gerhard Schrader.

Dr. Schrader and his research team had been assigned to develop a new and better insecticide.

Click here to return to Question #1

Within minutes of spilling a drop of Tabun (GA) on his work bench, everyone in lab was the first to experience symptoms of exposure to GA.


Using a mk1 kit

GOOD JOB!! Your answer is CORRECT.

Continue to Question #2

Click here to continue to Question #2


Using a mk1 kit

Question #2 – What is a symptom of MILD EXPOSURE to VAPOR nerve agent?

  • Unconsciousness

  • Pinpointed pupils

  • Severe chest pain

  • Vomiting/Diarrhea


Using a mk1 kit

INCORRECT!!

Click here to review the training material applicable to this question again


Using a mk1 kit

Symptoms of Mild

Exposure to GB Vapor

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

  • Miosis (pinpointed pupils) –

  • A headache (pain behind the eyes) –

  • Dim or blurred vision –

  • Runny noise –

  • Excessive salivation –

  • Chest tightness -

Click here to return to Question #2


Using a mk1 kit

GOOD JOB!! Your answer is CORRECT.

Continue to Question #3

Click here to continue to Question #3


Using a mk1 kit

Question #3 – How many symptoms of exposure to nerve agent do you need to observe before you give a victim the shots of a MK1 auto- injector kit?

  • 1

  • 2

  • 3

  • 4


Using a mk1 kit

INCORRECT!!

Click here to review the training material applicable to this question again


Using a mk1 kit

Emergency/1st Aid Procedures

****************************

** Protect yourself first

by donning a gas mask **

  • Then

  • IMMEDIATELY mask and remove victim

    from contaminated area

  • Remove all contaminated clothing

  • Decontaminated the victim with soap and

    water

  • If victim is showing at least two (2)

    symptoms of exposure to GB, use one (1)

    Mk1 Kit on the victim

Click here to return to Question #3


Using a mk1 kit

GOOD JOB!! Your answer is CORRECT.

Click here to continue


Using a mk1 kit

References:

All information and pictures used in this PowerPoint were copied from various existing Washington Demilitarization Company training modules at the Pine Bluff Arsenal Chemical Demilitarization Facility.


Using a mk1 kit

The END!!


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