Reaction and War, 1907-1914. 3 June 1907 ‘coup’. Nicholas II’s diary: 3 June 1907, Sunday “The weather has turned wonderful. My mood has also become bright on the occasion of the dissolution of the Duma .” 4 June 1907, Saturday
Reaction and War, 1907-1914
Nicholas II’s diary:
3 June 1907, Sunday
“The weather has turned wonderful. My mood has also become bright on the occasion of the dissolution of the Duma.”
4 June 1907, Saturday
“Another wonderful day... Spent the morning with Aliks... Glory to God! Already the second day after the dissolution of the Duma, [and] everywhere there is complete peace and quiet.”
Third Duma party deputies:
Mikhail Rodzyanko, Octoberist leader, 1859-1924
1908: Austria-Hungary formally annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina
1912: First Balkan War, the Balkan League (Serbia, Greece, Montenegro and Bulgaria) took Macedonia from Ottoman Empire
1913: Second Balkan war, Bulgaria attacked Serbia, leading A-H to intervene
28 June 1914: Archduke Franz Ferdinand and wife Sophie assassinated
A-H decided to teach Serbia a lesson
Franz Joseph asked Germany for support
William II sent “Blank Check” (Austria could “rely on Germany’s full support.”)
23 July 1914: A-H presents ultimatum to Serbia
Nicholas: “As long as there remains the slightest hope of avoiding blood-letting, all my efforts will be directed to this goal. If, despite our most sincere desire, we do not obtain this, your majesty can be certain that Russia in no case will remain indifferent to the fate of Serbia.”
28 July: A-H declared war on Serbia.
29 July: Tsar Nicholas II ordered partial mobilization against A-H
Sergei Sazonov intervened.
30 July: Russia ordered full mobilization against A-H and Germany.
1 August: Germany declared war on Russia.
2 August: German General von Moltke demanded that Belgium permit German armies to march through it; Belgium refused.
4 August: Britain and France declared war on Germany.
20 July/2 August 1914