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Cotton Belt. Innovative Financing Options for Regional Rail Southwestern Rail Conference January 28, 2011. Cotton Belt Corridor. Cotton Belt History. 1983 DART Service Plan Included the Cotton Belt. 1990 DART Purchases Cotton Belt. 2002 DFW Airport Undertakes Rail Access Study.

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Cotton belt

Cotton Belt

Innovative Financing Options

for Regional Rail

Southwestern Rail Conference

January 28, 2011

Cotton belt corridor

Cotton Belt Corridor

Cotton belt history

Cotton Belt History

1983 dart service plan included the cotton belt

1983 DART Service Plan Included the Cotton Belt

1990 dart purchases cotton belt

1990 DART PurchasesCotton Belt

2002 dfw airport undertakes rail access study

2002 DFW Airport Undertakes Rail Access Study

2005 the t begins sw2ne project

2005 The T Begins SW2NE Project

Natinsky plan

“Natinsky” Plan

Light rail new technology

Light Rail New Technology

Dart s current system plan includes express rail on cotton belt but no funding

DART’s Current System Plan Includes Express Rail On Cotton Belt, But No Funding

Cotton belt

WhyIs Additional Funding Needed?

DART Sales Tax Trending Down


Regional approach

Regional Approach

All Must Be On “Same Page”

Historically Regionalism Resulted in Major Successes – D/FW Airport

Cotton Belt Potentially Template for Realization of Broader Rail North Texas Plan

N ew funding paradigm

New Funding Paradigm

Timely and Necessary

iFi Promises to be New Funding Paradigm

So additional sources needed texas local option transportation act tlota

So, Additional Sources Needed:Texas Local Option Transportation Act (TLOTA)

  • What Was TLOTA?

    • Local Option Tax to Increase Transit Revenues

    • County-based Opt In

    • Funds Raised In a Transit Service Area Stay Were To Stay In That Area

    • Includes Equity Benefit Provision to Benefit Cities Within a County Proportionally

    • No New Levels of Government

Tlota failed in legislature but its regional tone prevails

TLOTA Failed In Legislature, But Its Regional Tone Prevails

  • TLOTA Supporters

    • Legislators

    • Local Governments

    • Transit Authorities

    • Chambers of Commerce

    • Advocacy Organizations

Dart the t and ppp

DART, The T and PPP

  • Issued Joint Request for Information

  • Sought Alternative Funding

  • Coordinated with COG

    • 55 Respondents

    • All Essentially Said, “If DART Finds More Revenue, We Can Finance or Design System”

    • RFI Reinforced Need for Creative Approach

    • RFI Underscored Need for Regional Approach

Rfi process underscored need for regional approach

RFI Process Underscored Need for Regional Approach

All Must Be On “Same Page”

Historically Regionalism Resulted In Major Successes Such As DFW Airport

Cotton Belt Potentially Initial Template For Realization of Broader Rail North Texas Plan

Filling the funding gap

Filling the funding gap

Ifi approach

iFi Approach

  • Phase 1 – Structure Revenue Streams

    • Assess Potential to Raise Private Capital

  • Phase 2a – Construct and Commit

    • Agreements to Commit Streams to Repay

  • Phase 2b – Monetize Revenue Streams

    • Fund Project Via a Concession

    • Possible FDBOM

Ifi process

iFi Process

Started with 130 Potential Revenue Sources

Analyzed the Corridor

Interviewed Stakeholders

Interviewed Potential Investors

Considered Policy Implications

Analyzing Viable Set of Sources

Ifi structure

iFi Structure

  • Potential Revenue Sources

    • Non-geographic

      • Advertising

      • Fiber Optic

      • Enhanced Farebox Recovery/Rapid Card

      • Parking System

    • Geographic

      • Public Land Development

      • Value Capture

Value capture


Appraised Value




Value After Termination

Tax Increment

Baseline Property Value




Development that sustains value capture

Development That Sustains Value Capture

Conventional development

Conventional Development

Buffers Instead of Transitions

Lack of a Transportation Network

Not Pedestrian-friendly, Not Transit-friendly

Narrowly Stratified Market

Value Drops When The Intended Use No Longer Viable

Sustainable development

Sustainable Development

Transitions Instead of Buffers

A Network of Transportation, Encouraging Choice

Broad Market (Age, Socio-economic, Race, Marital Status, etc.)

Designed To Endure

Value Holds When The Current Use Is No Longer Viable

We ve ignored value capture in transportation investment

We’ve Ignored Value Capture in Transportation Investment

The long term impact of delinking design of transportation and cities

is pulling the current American funding system down onto its last leg.

Trends suggest a new opportunity to rely again on value capture

Trends Suggest a New Opportunity to Rely Again on Value Capture

40 million housing transactions expected over the next 40 years, providing an opportunity to speak to the new generation who want urban living

Millennials and Boomers

Cotton belt

Market Common

Clarendon, Arlington VA

Recently in the Wall Street Journal –

“Gen Y housing preferences are the subject

of at least two panels at this week's [NAHB]convention.

A key finding: They want to walk everywhere. Melina Duggal, a principal with adviser RCLCO, [said a] whopping 88% want to be in an urban setting; but since cities themselves can be so expensive, places with shopping, dining and transit such as Bethesda and Arlington in the DC suburbs will do just fine.”

Sustainable development1

Sustainable Development

Arlington, VA

31% of taxbase

In 7% Land Area

Structuring Greater Value Aggregation

Is ifi realistic

Is iFi Realistic?

Potential Investors Confirm Value Capture Approach Is Sound and Viable

Value capture applied to corridor

Value Capture Applied to Corridor

  • Typology Examples

    • 12thStreet (redevelopment)

    • Bush Central (infill greenfield)

    • UTD (public lands development)

    • Cypress Waters (existing TIF, MMD)

    • North Richland Hills (redevelopment)

    • Summer Creek (new greenfield)

12 th street

12th Street

Bush central

Bush Central

Courtesy of GFF and Gateway Planning

Cotton belt

View to Bush Central Station Plaza

Cotton belt


Cypress waters

Cypress Waters

Nrh smithfield

NRH - Smithfield

Summer creek

Summer Creek

Other key revenue sources

Other Key Revenue Sources

Fair Fare Structure

Rapid Card Opportunity

Railcar Manufacturing Facility

Coordinated Multimodal Leveraging

Fair fare

Fair Fare

What is a Fair Fare and Where Are Your Partners?

Rapid card opportunity

Rapid Card Opportunity

Enhanced Farebox Recovery

Evolving Technology

Multimodal Possibilities

Competition for Franchise

Implications for Partnerships

Rapid card elements

Rapid Card Elements

  • Distance

  • Destination

  • Time of Day

  • Class of Fare (i.e. Student, Disabled, Economically Disadvantaged, etc)

  • Regional Equity (In-system Resident or Out-of-system Resident)

Rapid card a systematic approach

Rapid Card – a Systematic Approach

  • Transit

  • Toll Systems

  • Parking Concessions

    • Cities

    • D/FW Airport

    • DART station areas

  • Retail Vendors (station areas, card “recharge” locations, rental vehicle concessions, etc.)

  • Taxis

  • Limousines

Manufacturing facility

Manufacturing Facility

National Opportunity for Local Economic Development

DFW as National Rail Development Leader

Multimodal operations and leveraging of funding

Multimodal Operations and Leveraging of Funding

Transportation and Land Use Can No Longer Be Viewed In Separate Silos

Mobility 2035 Plan Relies On More Balance of Rail and Roads, Embracing North Texas 2050 Growth Scenario

Sustainable Economy

When will we s ee the results special sauce

When Will We See the Results?(Special Sauce)


Private delivery of public functions a new model

Private Delivery of Public Functions: A New Model?

What Are The Implications for Attracting Private Investment?

What Efficiencies of Cost Optimization Can Be Achieved?

Can This Business Model Translate Beyond the Cotton Belt?

How do we get there

How Do We Get There?

Cotton belt

But dart sales taxes were projected up

But DART Sales Taxes were Projected Up

Finance Department

Cotton belt

  • Therefore, in 2010 Sales Taxes were Reset Downward, leaving the Cotton Belt unfunded

Additional Downward

Revision: $2.7 Billion

Finance Department

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