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Ethics, Transparency and Protection of Children’s Rights - An institutional and rights-based approach. Governance, human rights and social policy approach (MDGs). Rhea Saab GPS UNICEF. UNICEF MTSP 2006-2009. focus area five Policy advocacy, partnership and participation

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Ethics transparency and protection of children s rights an institutional and rights based approach l.jpg

Ethics, Transparency and Protection of Children’s Rights -An institutional and rights-based approach

Governance, human rights and social policy approach (MDGs).

Rhea Saab

GPS UNICEF


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UNICEF MTSP 2006-2009

  • focus area five

  • Policy advocacy, partnership and participation

  • children and poverty reduction –

  • socio policy agenda based on evidence and analysis

  • partnerships


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Present dilemmas of focusing on Ethics and Corruption

Corruption affects a broad range of issues;

principles cause of poverty and obstacle

impedes good governance, exacerbates social exclusion

impacts negatively on social policy implementation

Can consolidate poverty trap and çompunds marginalisation political exclusion


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Rights holders and duty bearers and Accountability in Education

  • How to tackle corruption: increasing government accountability“, fostering greater credibility and trust in state institutions and delivery of services (MDGs plus)

  • What does this affect the education sector education reform

  • foster public policy dialogues with gvt and all stakeholders

  • emphasis on accountability, transparency and ethics

  • women, child and adolescents rights

  • universality and non-discrimination

  • best interest and participation of children and adolescents

  • Rights holders, duty bearers and accountability in education

  • the accountability chain in education

  • policy-planners and policy makers as duty bearers, families and communities as duty bearers and parents and legacy of rights denied


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Challenges : Promoting ethics, good public policy for education

  • Corruption : exacerbate social exclusion,

  • obstacle in overcoming poverty,

  • Increase government accountability

  • anti-corruption may lead to greater credibility and legitimacy of state institutions

  • trust in state institution's capacity to deliver services (MDGs) and greater oversight and participation of stakeholders


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Transparency and Education

  • Children’s Right to Education-Not limit definition of education

  • development of children and adolescent’s full potential

  • formation of social values governing behaviour

  • Equal Opportunities (Non-Discrimination)

    • Access

    • Attendance

    • Attainment

    • Achievement

  • Child-Centered Education (Best Interests)

    • Expectation of Families, Communities & the Development Vision of Societies


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Country Cases: EcuadorPrioritizing children and young people in social policy - focus on accountability

  • Corruption is de-legitimizing state institutions

  • UNICEF (et al.) participation in budget monitoring and evaluation

  • Anchoring a human-rights based approach in the institutional framework

  • Promoting human-rights framework

  • Citizens as monitors and evaluators, meaningful participation of children/young people/communities/ civil society. “observatorio”

  • Raising awareness and social mobilization

  • Government support, (ie: collaboration between ministries, support of the executive) –Multi-sectoral approach and local government involvement

  • See Kenya experience: focus by government/ civil society/stakeholders and other relevant partners at national and local level (ie gender sensitive approach to policy)

  • Ie allocating grants to schools and encouraging increased accountability of school government boards and management of expenditures (ie capital grants to schools to buy books etc)


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County cases: Mongolia

TI: Mongolia ranks 85th out of 159 countries on corruption

  • Nomad society, High literacy rates -

     Very different context, what forms of participation? What institutions?

  • Government-driven initiatives:

  • prioritizing MDG 9 (human rights, democratic governance)

  • Addressing corruption in local contexts


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UNICEF‘S Public policy approach: Addressing root-causes of marginalization

  • Transparency and information necessary but not sufficient

  • Accountability, learning process for next generations

  • Context is crucial (see Ackerman)


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A case-to-case approach

From: Ackerman study for World Bank


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Learning from country and civil society experience ( ie TI, CIPPEC )

  • Case to case approach

  • Argentina NGO young professionals and stakeholders interested in contributing to an equitable distribution of wealth/equal opportunities and upholding the need for strong public institutions

  • Promote public policies : which uphold an equitable distribution of wealth, equal opportunities and accountable and transparent public institutions.

  • The challenge is to translate the best ideas that emerge from the areas of education policy, fiscal policy, healthcare policy, transparency, and justice into concrete action.


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CIPPEC and TI experiences

  • CIPPEC´s recent successes include:

  • Influencing the text of the Law on Educational Funding.

  • Realistic financial goals for Education and Fiscal Policy, CIPPEC recommended inter-alia : (a) to have realistic financial goals as the original proposal would have entailed non-fulfillment of the law in instances of economic stagnation; and (b) including an article calling on monitoring and generating information on legislative implementation. Both recommendations were introduced in the law sanctioned by the Senate.

  • See also TI Stealing the future and work on indicators


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CONCLUSIONS

  • Accountable political institutions and transparent policy implementation are a necessary condition for the achievement of social rights, EFA/MDGs(2,3) –Context is essential

  • There is a need to strengthen civil society’s capacities to monitor state institutions and policies

  • this also gives credence to rights based approaches : way forward for tackling corruption and enhancing accountability.

  • (see other examples the ombusman office in Costa Rica and TI global research/advocacy and country chapters –need for sustainability, ownership, coherence)

  • UNICEF fosters partnerships with civil society and governments contributing to increased transparency

  • Documenting experiences : learning process Kenya and Ecuador


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