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Do Now. Text or answer on your white boards the answer to this question: What are the four types of law in the United States? 717-752-6695 Get the Homework off the front board or the QR code. Get your laptops and log on. The Federal Court System. 5-23-11. Objectives.

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Presentation Transcript
Do now
Do Now

  • Text or answer on your white boards the answer to this question:

    • What are the four types of law in the United States?

    • 717-752-6695

  • Get the Homework off the front board or the QR code.

  • Get your laptops and log on



Objectives
Objectives

  • Apply the concept of an appeal to a real life situation

  • Create a machine that represents the Federal Judicial System


U s federal courts
U.S. Federal Courts

  • Jurisdiction – determines the types of cases it can hear and decide on (if it was properly brought before it)

    • Original

    • Appellate

Three levels of Federal Courts


The u s federal courts
The U.S. Federal Courts

  • U.S. Supreme Court

  • (mostly appellate)

CASES END HERE

  • U.S. Court of Appeals

  • (appellate)

  • 12 Circuits

  • U.S. District Courts

  • (original)

  • 94 Courts in 50 states/territories

CASES START HERE



U s federal districts
U.S. Federal Districts

  • Lowest level of courts– U.S. District Courts

    • Trial courts

    • Original jurisdiction – to hear and decide a case for the first time



U s district judges
U.S. District Judges

  • Do not make law!

  • They apply law to the case before them

  • Both criminal and civil cases

  • No jury? Judge decides

  • Decides punishment

  • Appointed for life, by? Approved by?

  • Impeached by?



U s courts of appeals
U.S. Courts of Appeals

  • Courts of Appeals – appellate jurisdiction – Review decisions and procedures of lower courts

  • 12 judicial circuits, each with its own court of appeals


U s courts of appeals continued
U.S. Courts of Appeals continued

Panel of three judges makes a decision – was the first trial fair and was the law interpreted correctly? NO GUILT OR INNOCENCE DECIDED

  • Majority vote of three judges

  • Back to district court for a new trial or upheld.

  • Last appeal chance, if U.S. Court of Appeals upholds orginal decision, is the Supreme Court


Formative assessment2
Formative Assessment

  • Create a question on the court of appeals. Text someone in class that question.

    • No phone? Put the question on your whiteboard and show it to someone across the room.

  • Answer the question via text or on a white board.

  • Did the person you ask get it right?


U s supreme court
U.S. Supreme Court

  • Mainly an appeals court (they choose the cases they will hear)

  • Justices – nine judges on the Court (Congress sets the number of Justices)

  • Decision cannot be appealed

  • Original jurisdiction in cases involving:

    • Diplomats from other countries

    • Cases between states

    • Cases involving states and the federal government


Machine
Machine!

  • SOME questions to consider

  • Where to trials start?

  • Who tries them?

  • How many?

  • Where do cases go after the first trial?


Redraw the roadmap
Redraw the Roadmap!


Closure
Closure

  • On WB or text message to Mr. D

    • Why does the United States give different kinds of courts original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction?


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