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Surah al Baqarah. Lesson #15 Ayahs 92 – 103. Ayah 92 And Moses had certainly brought you clear proofs. Then you took the calf [in worship] after that, while you were wrongdoers. And Moses had certainly brought you clear proofs. Then you took the calf [in worship].

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Surah al Baqarah

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Surah al baqarah

Surah al Baqarah

Lesson #15

Ayahs 92 – 103


Surah al baqarah

Ayah 92

And Moses had certainly brought you clear proofs. Then you took the calf [in worship] after that, while you were wrongdoers.


Surah al baqarah

And Moses had certainly brought you clear proofs

Then you took the calf [in worship]

while you were wrongdoers


Surah al baqarah

Even after Clear Proofs


Surah al baqarah

Ayah 93

And [recall] when We took your covenant and raised over you the mount, [saying], "Take what We have given you with determination and listen." They said [instead], "We hear and disobey." And their hearts absorbed [the worship of] the calf because of their disbelief. Say, "How wretched is that which your faith enjoins upon you, if you should be believers."


Surah al baqarah

Lessons

Might and Power of Allah

The one who sides with a Dhawlim is a dhawlim himself, even if he does not commit the wrong.

Listening is the first step towards Amal

Every person has a false god - that prevents a person from the obedience of Allah.


Surah al baqarah

Analyze!

What is my “COW”?


Surah al baqarah

Ayah 94

Say, [O Muhammad], "If the home of the Hereafter with Allah is for you alone and not the [other] people, then wish for death, if you should be truthful.


Surah al baqarah

Claims of Bani Israel

"We are the children of Allāh and His beloved.“[Al Maida:18]

"None will enter Paradise except one who is a Jew or a Christian." [Al Baqarah:111]

ً

"Never will the Fire touch us, except for a few days.“

[Al Baqarah:80]


Surah al baqarah

Allah’s Response

If you are truthful in your claims, then why are you afraid of Death?

&

Why don’t you wish to die?


Surah al baqarah

Ayah 95

But they will never wish for it, ever, because of what their hands have put forth. And Allah is Knowing of the wrongdoers.


Surah al baqarah

They didn’t want to die

because of their wrong actions.


Surah al baqarah

Analyze!

Why do we fear death?

Is it because of our Amal?

If it is, then why don’t we change our Amal?


Recap

RECAP

  • Last week, we talked about…

  • The oath taken by the Bani Israel

  • Importance of listening and obeying

  • Love of the calf in their hearts

  • What is the “CALF” in our life?

  • Thoughts on dying and death – how confident are we in meeting Allah SWT?


Surah al baqarah

Ayah 96

And you will surely find them the most greedy of people for life - [even] more than those who associate others with Allah . One of them wishes that he could be granted life a thousand years, but it would not remove him in the least from the [coming] punishment that he should be granted life. And Allah is Seeing of what they do.


Ayah 96 roots

Ayah 96 - Roots

  • Noon Shaddah: most definitely

  • HaaRaawSaawd: strongly desire something; its difficult to fulfill it so have to put in some effort

  • Structure: Af‘ al: superlative degree; MOST greedy

  •  Greedy for life


Ayah 96 roots1

Ayah 96 - Roots

  • Sheen RaawKaaf: to associate partners with Allah, i.e. giving the share of Allah to others

  • WaawDaalDaal: intense love

  • AainMeemRaaw: 1. he is given the age of 1000 years 2. he is given a long life

  • ZaaHaaZaaHaa(4 ROOTS!) – to move away;

  •  no matter how long a life we have, we can’t delay death or the Hereafter


Context

Context

  • These people want 1000 more years of life; the more aged they become, the longer life they want

  • Even more than the Quraish because they were warriors, they’d rather go to the battlefield and fight to the death


Surah al baqarah

Analyze

Why do we want to live longer?

If we are granted a last wish before we die, what will that be?


Surah al baqarah

Lessons

Even if we get to live a long life, this can not prevent the punishment

Every Soul will Taste Death

Everyone of us will face Allah on the Day of Judgement

Use Dunya to Earn Akhira!


Surah al baqarah

Ayah 97

Say, "Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel - it is [none but] he who has brought the Qur'an down upon your heart, [O Muhammad], by permission of Allah , confirming that which was before it and as guidance and good tidings for the believers."


Surah al baqarah

Enmity with Jibreel


Jibreel a s

Jibreel A.S.

  • The person who is the enemy of Jibreel A.S., he should know, he should leave his enmity because Jibreel A.S. is only obeying the command of Allah

  • His enmity is not going to change anything


Ayah 97 roots

Ayah 97 - Roots

  • Baa Sheen Raaw– such good news that makes the receiver happy; you can see it in a person’s attitude

  • The Qu’ran should enter the hearts; not just knowledge  heart is the place where feelings and emotions are


Surah al baqarah

Introduction of Qur’an


Surah al baqarah

Lessons

Qur’an is the Source of Guidance & Happiness

Quran is for the hearts, its not just the information

Heart is a faculty of understanding and retaining memory


Surah al baqarah

Heart has ability to Reason

and have hearts by which to reason [al-Hajj: 46]


Surah al baqarah

Thinking Heart

Paul Pearsall, MD, a psychoneuroimmunologist and author of The Heart's Code, has researched the transference of memories through organ transplantation


Surah al baqarah

Analyze!

Check your hearts?

After reading the Qur’an, listening to it, do I feel happy?

If I do, then this is a sign of a Eman.

& If I don’t then its Alarming!


Surah al baqarah

Ayah 98

Whoever is an enemy to Allah and His angels and His messengers and Gabriel and Michael - then indeed, Allah is an enemy to the disbelievers.


Context1

Context

  • Bani Israel used to say: Mikael is our friend, but this is not complete imaan, because whoever is an enemy to one angel, is an enemy to all

  • Revelation brings life to our souls while rain brings life to the earth

  • Angels are beloved to Allah; they’re all friends of Allah


Surah al baqarah

Whoever is an enemy

and Michael

to Allah

and Gabriel

and His angels

and His messengers

then indeed Allah is an enemy to the disbelievers


Surah al baqarah

Lessons

Enmity with Allah is to leave, hate or go against His commands

He who hates Messenger, Angels or Allah is a Disbeliever

Loving the loved ones of Allah, is a means of attaining Allah’s pleasure.


Surah al baqarah

Du’a of Rasool Allah (s.a.w)


Surah al baqarah

Ayah 99

And We have certainly revealed to you verses [which are] clear proofs, and no one would deny them except the defiantly disobedient.


Surah al baqarah

He knows the limits, still goes out of bounds


Surah al baqarah

Fasiq


Surah al baqarah

Ayah 100

Is it not [true] that every time they took a covenant a party of them threw it away? But, [in fact], most of them do not believe.


Ayah 100 roots

Ayah 100 - Roots

  • Noon Baa Dhaal– to throw/reject something; to discard something because a person finds it useless in terms of its value; also to turn away from something

  • Context: every time the Bani Israel made a promise with Allah, they threw it (a small group did this)


Treaty of madinah

Treaty of Madinah

  • One with Allah - the covenants that we read about and that they would believe

    in Allah and His messengers and support them. They denied the Prophet (s.a.w.).

  • Agreements made with the Prophet (saw) - when the Prophet (s.a.w.) went to

  • Madina. A covenant was signed between three groups:

  • 1. Muslims

  • 2. Jews

  • 3. Mushrikeen of Madina.

  • This covenant was known as the Treaty of Madina; had many clauses, but one of main clauses was: That if someone attacks Madina from outside, then the three groups would combat the enemy together. However, the Bani Israel did not support the Muslims in this


Surah al baqarah

Ayah 101

And when a messenger from Allah came to them confirming that which was with them, a party of those who had been given the Scripture threw the Scripture of Allah behind their backs as if they did not know [what it contained].


Ayah 101 roots

Ayah 101 - Roots

  • WaawRaawYaa– something that is beyond; 1. as if they didn’t know this Book was from Allah

  • 2. as if they didn’t know the commands of the Torah


Context2

Context

  • The Prophet met the description of the final prophet in their book

  • They threw away the Book:

  • 1. The Qu’ran; they did not believe in it; ignored it

  • 2. The commands of Allah, that the people of the Book believe in the teachings of their own book


Surah al baqarah

Analyze!

What is our state?

How do we deal with the Book?

How many of our children know who the Messenger (saw) is?

How many of us know what is in the Qur’an?


Surah al baqarah

Ayah 102

And they followed [instead] what the devils had recited during the reign of Solomon. It was not Solomon who disbelieved, but the devils disbelieved, teaching people magic and that which was revealed to the two angels at Babylon, Harut and Marut. But the two angels do not teach anyone unless they say, "We are a trial, so do not disbelieve [by practicing magic]." And [yet] they learn from them that by which they cause separation between a man and his wife. But they do not harm anyone through it except by permission of Allah . And the people learn what harms them and does not benefit them. But the Children of Israel certainly knew that whoever purchased the magic would not have in the Hereafter any share. And wretched is that for which they sold themselves, if they only knew.


Context3

Context

  • Suleiman A.S. was the son of Dawud A.S.  both were kings of Bani Israel

  • He had birds, jinns and the wind under his control (with the permission of Allah)

  • The shaitaan put in the hearts of people that Suleiman A.S. had all these things because of magic to get the Bani Israel interested in this

  • However, practicing magic is forbidden, and Suleiman A.S. was not an unbeliever (got everything from the fadl of Allah SWT)


Context4

Context

  • They thought he was a magician, but he was a messenger

  • Haarut and Maarut: 2 angels who knew magic, were sent to the Bani Israel as a test

  • Before teaching magic to anyone, they would say “we are a test” but the people still wouldn’t listen

  • They learned magic that would create fights between a husband and wife


Ayah 102 roots

Ayah 102 - Roots

  • TaaLaamWaaw– 1. what the devils recited; 2. what the devils followed (over here shaitan refers to the evil jinns)

  • FaaTaa Noon – to heat gold in fire; a situation that is very difficult; a temptation

  • FaaRaawQaaf– to divide

  • DaawdRaawRaaw– even if they practised magic it would not take any effect until Allah allows it


Ayah 102 roots1

Ayah 102 – Roots

  • KhaawLaamQaaf– a share of goodness; they knew that by practicing magic, they would have not good in the hereafter

  • Selling your soul to the devil; If only they knew the consequences of practicing magic

  • The people purchased magic with their imaan


Surah al baqarah

اسِّحْرَ

An effect whose cause is unknown is Magic

Real Magic = Black Magic

There is no such thing as innocent magic


Lessons

Lessons

  • The Bani Israel were impressed with magic (what is OUR state)?

  • They continued to practice magic even after the time of Suleiman A.S. (Labid bin Asam performed magic on the Prophet SAW)

  • Magic can destroy families

  • An action may be forbidden but if Allah commands it, then going against it is forbidden (ex. Sajdah to Adam A.S.)

  • If you are affected by magic, turn to Allah because magicians can’t cure you


Surah al baqarah

Lessons

Allah is absolving Sulaiman(a.s) of shirk

Teaching & Practising Magic is Forbidden & is Disbelief

Magic doesn’t harm a person without Allah’s Permission

Magic used to separate a husband and wife is a worst form of magic


Surah al baqarah

Lessons

  • Instead of going to some scholar of deen, they went to a magician

  • Loosing deen, dunya and akhira by magic

  • Benefit is very less in comparison with loss

  • The price they paid was their iman

  • If only they were they equally interested in the Book of Allah


Surah al baqarah

Ayah 103

And if they had believed and feared Allah, then the reward from Allah would have been [far] better, if they only knew.


Ayah 103 roots

Ayah 103 - Roots

  • ThaaWaaw Baa – reward; something that is returned; if only they knew about the better gain in the hereafter

  • Mathooba– return for their taqwa and iman (if only they knew – reward of Hereafter is much better)


Lessons1

Lessons

  • You have to have taqwa yourself; can’t blame society for the wrong

  • They had the knowledge but didn’t act upon it; so this is not true knowledge

  • Actions show what kind of ilm we have


Surah al baqarah

The reward that is with Allah is better than everything

else.


Reflections

REFLECTIONS 

  • Homework:

  • Review translation of ayahs 96-103

  • Implement

  • Reflect

  • Share

  • Next week: Lesson 16 (Ayahs 104-112)


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