Gap year a year on
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Gap Year, a Year On. William S. McCulloch. Agenda. Gap year - what it is and what it is not Types of gap year activities Benefits of gap year participation Drawbacks of gap year participation Ideal gap year candidates Deciding to take a year on Gap year planning process

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Gap year a year on

Gap Year, a Year On

William S. McCulloch


Agenda

Agenda

  • Gap year - what it is and what it is not

  • Types of gap year activities

  • Benefits of gap year participation

  • Drawbacks of gap year participation

  • Ideal gap year candidates

  • Deciding to take a year on

  • Gap year planning process

  • Gap year programs

  • Frequently Asked Questions


Gap year what it is and what it is not

Gap year: What it is and what it is not

A Year On 

A Year Off 

Unplanned

Unemployment

Vacation

Sleeping on the couch all summer

  • Intentional

  • Planned

  • Goal driven

  • Long-term course

Birch & Miller (2007); Engle (2010); Heath (2007); Jones (2004)


Types of gap year activities

Types of gap year activities

Structured

Unstructured

Work

paid internship

part-time job

Learning

independent

Travel

“backpack across Europe”

road trip across USA

  • Work

    • internship

    • career exploration

    • volunteer

  • Learning

    • organized

    • discover interests

    • get ahead

  • Travel

    • volunteer tourism

    • semester at sea

DeLuca (2008); Heath (2007); Jones (2004); Simpson (2004); Simpson (2005)


Benefits of participation

Benefits of participation

  • Gain

    • perspective

    • maturity

    • clearer plan

    • independence

    • accomplishment

    • motivation

  • Reduce

    • college dropout

  • Develop

    • interests

    • life skills

    • work skills

  • Earn

    • money

    • non-academic certifications

  • Have fun!

Birch & Miller (2007); Bull (2006); Crume (2006); DeLuca (2008); Engle (2010); Gregory (2010); Jones(2004); Schwartz (2004); Smith(2009); Willcoxson, Cotter, & Joy (2011)


Drawbacks of participation

Drawbacks of participation

General

Volunteer tourism

Inability to deliver

Cultural exchange

Skill development

Safety

Idealized view vs. reality of experience

Quality assurance

Participant accreditation

  • Opportunity costs

    • time and money (earning)

  • Demotivation to return to school

  • Wasted time through poor planning

  • Academic disadvantage

  • Accrual of personal debt

Jones (2004); Simpson (2004); Simpson (2005)


Ideal gap year candidates

Ideal gap year candidates

  • Everyone!

  • Lack of career guidance

  • Poor academic motivation

  • Financial need

  • College bound with a plan

    • Some colleges encourage a gap year

    • Note: some departments (i.e., math) discourage a gap in instruction

Birch & Miller (2007); Bull (2006); Gergerich (2003); Harder (2006); Martin (2010)


Deciding to take a year on

Deciding to take a year on

  • Influences

    • school

    • peers

    • parents

  • Information

    • guidance counselor

      • academic and career planning

    • participants

      • learn from their experiences

Jones (2004); Wells & Lynch (2012)


P lanning considerations

Planning considerations

Finances

College

admissions and deferment

Apply to college of choice

Acceptance

Request deferment

provide plan of goals and benefits

  • Plan/budget early

  • Financing methods

  • Volunteer tourism

    • unpaid

    • travel cost

  • Provider fees

  • Stipends

Engle (2010); Gregory (2010); Hustrand (2010); Jones (2004)


Gap year programs

Gap year programs

  • Year Out Group

    • www.yearoutgroup.org

  • Global Citizen Year

    • www.globalcitizenyear.org

  • AmeriCorps

    • www.americorps.gov

  • USA Gap Year Fairs

    • www.usagapyearfairs.org

  • Planet Gap Year

    • www.planetgapyear.com


References

References

AmeriCorps. (2012). Homepage. http://www.americorps.gov

Birch, E., & Miller, P. W. (2007). The characteristics of ‘gap-year’ students and their tertiary academic outcomes. Economic Record,83(262), 329-344. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4932.2007.00418.x

Bull, H. (2006). The possibilities of the gap year. Chronicle Of Higher Education, 52(44), 77.

Crume, R. (2005). Is that child really ready for college? Journal Of College Admission, 188, 31-32.

DeLuca, S. (2008, February 26). Delay is a disadvantage. USA Today. Retrieved from http://www.usatoday.com/printedition/news/20080226/oppose26.art.htm

Engle, T. (2010). Choosing a gap year can pay dividends for high school grads. Community College Week, 23(1), 20-22.

Gergerich, S. (2003). Experts suggest a year off before college - if you can afford it. Community College Week, 15(25), 19.

Global Citizen Year. (2012). Homepage. http://www.globalcitizenyear.org

Gregory, S. (2010, September 21). Time out: Gauging the value of a gap year before college. Time. Retrieved from http://www.time.com/time/printout/0,8816,2015783,00.html

Harder, B. (2006). The credibility in your gap year. U.S. News & World Report, 141(7), 98-99.

Heath, S. (2007). Widening the gap: pre‐university gap years and the ‘economy of experience’. British Journal Of Sociology Of Education, 28(1), 89-103. doi:10.1080/01425690600996717

Hulstrand, J. (2010). Time out: The gap year abroad. International Educator, 19(2), 50.

Jones, A. (2004). Review of gap year provision. Department for Education and Skills, RR555 University of London. Retrieved from https://www.education.gov.uk/publications/eOrderingDownload/RR555.pdf


References1

References

Martin, A. J. (2010). Should students have a gap year? Motivation and performance factors relevant to time out after completing school. Journal Of Educational Psychology, 102(3), 561-576. doi:10.1037/a0019321

Mitchell, J. (2012, May 31). Student debt rises by 8% as college tuitions climb. Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition. A5.

Planet Gap Year. (2012). Homepage. http://www.planetgapyear.com

Schwartz, S. (2004). Should young people delay college?: A modest proposal. Phi Kappa Phi Forum, 84(4), 27-28.

Simpson, K. (2004). ‘Doing development’: The gap year, volunteer-tourists and a popular practice of development. Journal of International Development16, 681–692 (2004) Published online in Wiley InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com). DOI: 10.1002/jid.1120

Simpson, K. (2005). Dropping out or signing up? The professionalisation of youth travel. Antipode, 37(3), 447-469. doi:10.1111/j.0066-4812.2005.00506.x

Smith, G. T. (2009, November 7). Advice for the college-bound: Wait. The Washington Post. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/11/06/AR2009110603606.html

USA Gap Year Fairs. (2012). Homepage. http://www.usagapyearfairs.org

Wells, R. S., & Lynch, C. M. (2012). Delayed college entry and the socioeconomic gap: Examining the roles of student plans, family income, parental education, and parental occupation. Journal of Higher Education, 83(5), 671-697.

Willcoxson, L., Cotter, J., & Joy, S. (2011). Beyond the first-year experience: The impact on attrition of student experiences throughout undergraduate degree studies in six diverse universities. Studies In Higher Education, 36(3), 331-352. doi:10.1080/03075070903581533

Year Out Group (YOG). (2012). Homepage. http://www.yearoutgroup.org


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