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Chapter 3: Federalism

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Forging a Nation. Chapter 3: Federalism . Section 1 Federalism: National and State Sovereignty. Dual Citizenship Failure of the Articles System of Divided Powers The Arguments for Federalism Practical Necessity Protecting Liberty- Federalist No. 28 Moderating Government Powers

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section 1 federalism national and state sovereignty
Section 1 Federalism: National and State Sovereignty
  • Dual Citizenship
    • Failure of the Articles
    • System of Divided Powers
  • The Arguments for Federalism
    • Practical Necessity
    • Protecting Liberty- Federalist No. 28
    • Moderating Government Powers
    • Strengthening the Union
division of powers handout
(Division of Powers Handout)

III. The Powers of the Nation

a) Enumerated Powers

1) Supremacy Clause

2) Necessary and Proper/ Elastic Clause

slide4
b) Implied Powers
  • Necessary & proper clause
slide5
c) Inherent Powers

d) Reserved Powers

section 2 interstate relations
Section 2: Interstate Relations
  • Interstate Compacts
    • Examples
      • Port Authority of New York & New Jersey (1921)
      • Compact for the Supervision of Parolees & Probationers and Compact of Juveniles
      • Great Lakes Compact
slide8
Full, Faith and Credit
    • Exceptions
    • Williams v. North Carolina
  • Extradition
section 3 federalism in historical perspective
Section 3: Federalism in Historical Perspective
  • A Continuous Debate
  • Phase I: An Indestructible Union
    • Nationalist View

McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) Gibbons v. Ogden(1824)

slide11
c. The States’ Rights View

a) The Issue of Slavery

b) Dred Scott v. Sanford

dual federalism
Dual Federalism
  • Based on Separation of Powers Doctrine
    • Sharp line between National & State Authority
      • State supremacy in racial policy
      • Business Supremacy in commerce policy
  • 14th Amendment & State Discretion
slide13
Judicial Protections of Business
    • Laissez-faire capitalism
      • Santa Clara County v. Southern Pacific Railroad Company
        • Private corporation is entitled to legal rights
      • United States v. EC Knight Co.
        • Sugar Trust Cases
          • Avoided Sherman Antitrust
      • Hammer v. Dagenhart
        • Restricts National
      • Lochner v. New York
        • Restricts States
national authority prevails
National Authority Prevails
  • Great Depression
    • Challenges from Supreme Court
  • Revelation: Interdependent Nation
  • A Shift in Responsibility
    • State’s unable to deal with unemployed/welfare assistance
    • NIRA
      • Schecter v. United States
  • A switch in time that saved nine
    • Court packing
    • Justice Own Roberts
  • Toward National Citizenship
    • Brown v. Board of Education
section 4 federalism today
Section 4: Federalism Today
  • Expansion of National Authority
    • Policy Shift
      • Expansion of National Authority 1930s
      • Devolution
  • Interdependency & Intergovernmental Relations
    • Cooperative Federalism
      • Characteristics
      • Example: Medicaid
fiscal federalism
Fiscal Federalism
  • Spending of Federal Funds through state and local governments
    • 1 in every 5 dollars spent by state/local comes from National
    • Increase in Federal Government influence
      • Dole v. South Dakota
    • Categorical Grants “strings”
    • Block Grants “no strings”
devolution
Devolution
  • Nixon & New Federalism
  • The Republican Revolution
    • 1994 Congressional Elections
    • Unfunded mandates
    • 1996 Welfare Reform Act
  • George W. Bush
    • NCLB?
    • Department of Homeland Security
devolution judicial style
Devolution, Judicial Style
  • Increases in Congressional Authority
    • Garcia v. San Antonio Authority
    • Gonzales v. Raich
  • Limiting Congressional Authority
    • United States v. Lopez
    • Printz v. United States
    • Kimmel v. Florida Board of Regents
    • Univ. of Alabama v. Garrett
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