Forging a nation
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Forging a Nation. Chapter 3: Federalism. Section 1 Federalism: National and State Sovereignty. Dual Citizenship Failure of the Articles System of Divided Powers The Arguments for Federalism Practical Necessity Protecting Liberty- Federalist No. 28 Moderating Government Powers

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Chapter 3: Federalism

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Forging a nation

Forging a Nation

Chapter 3: Federalism


Section 1 federalism national and state sovereignty

Section 1 Federalism: National and State Sovereignty

  • Dual Citizenship

    • Failure of the Articles

    • System of Divided Powers

  • The Arguments for Federalism

    • Practical Necessity

    • Protecting Liberty- Federalist No. 28

    • Moderating Government Powers

    • Strengthening the Union


Division of powers handout

(Division of Powers Handout)

III. The Powers of the Nation

a) Enumerated Powers

1) Supremacy Clause

2) Necessary and Proper/ Elastic Clause


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b) Implied Powers

  • Necessary & proper clause


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c) Inherent Powers

d) Reserved Powers


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e) Concurrent Powers


Section 2 interstate relations

Section 2: Interstate Relations

  • Interstate Compacts

    • Examples

      • Port Authority of New York & New Jersey (1921)

      • Compact for the Supervision of Parolees & Probationers and Compact of Juveniles

      • Great Lakes Compact


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  • Full, Faith and Credit

    • Exceptions

    • Williams v. North Carolina

  • Extradition


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IV. Privileges and Immunities


Section 3 federalism in historical perspective

Section 3: Federalism in Historical Perspective

  • A Continuous Debate

  • Phase I: An Indestructible Union

    • Nationalist View

      McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) Gibbons v. Ogden(1824)


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c. The States’ Rights View

a) The Issue of Slavery

b) Dred Scott v. Sanford


Dual federalism

Dual Federalism

  • Based on Separation of Powers Doctrine

    • Sharp line between National & State Authority

      • State supremacy in racial policy

      • Business Supremacy in commerce policy

  • 14th Amendment & State Discretion


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  • Judicial Protections of Business

    • Laissez-faire capitalism

      • Santa Clara County v. Southern Pacific Railroad Company

        • Private corporation is entitled to legal rights

      • United States v. EC Knight Co.

        • Sugar Trust Cases

          • Avoided Sherman Antitrust

      • Hammer v. Dagenhart

        • Restricts National

      • Lochner v. New York

        • Restricts States


National authority prevails

National Authority Prevails

  • Great Depression

    • Challenges from Supreme Court

  • Revelation: Interdependent Nation

  • A Shift in Responsibility

    • State’s unable to deal with unemployed/welfare assistance

    • NIRA

      • Schecter v. United States

  • A switch in time that saved nine

    • Court packing

    • Justice Own Roberts

  • Toward National Citizenship

    • Brown v. Board of Education


Section 4 federalism today

Section 4: Federalism Today

  • Expansion of National Authority

    • Policy Shift

      • Expansion of National Authority 1930s

      • Devolution

  • Interdependency & Intergovernmental Relations

    • Cooperative Federalism

      • Characteristics

      • Example: Medicaid


Fiscal federalism

Fiscal Federalism

  • Spending of Federal Funds through state and local governments

    • 1 in every 5 dollars spent by state/local comes from National

    • Increase in Federal Government influence

      • Dole v. South Dakota

    • Categorical Grants “strings”

    • Block Grants “no strings”


Devolution

Devolution

  • Nixon & New Federalism

  • The Republican Revolution

    • 1994 Congressional Elections

    • Unfunded mandates

    • 1996 Welfare Reform Act

  • George W. Bush

    • NCLB?

    • Department of Homeland Security


Devolution judicial style

Devolution, Judicial Style

  • Increases in Congressional Authority

    • Garcia v. San Antonio Authority

    • Gonzales v. Raich

  • Limiting Congressional Authority

    • United States v. Lopez

    • Printz v. United States

    • Kimmel v. Florida Board of Regents

    • Univ. of Alabama v. Garrett


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