Determine and develop your general purpose specific purpose and central idea
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Determine and develop your general purpose, specific purpose and central idea. Informative Speech. Inform Persuade Entertain. The broad goal of a speech. “To inform/persuade/entertain …” “ A talk is a voyage with a purpose, and it must be charted.”. General Purpose.

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General purpose

Inform and central idea

Persuade

Entertain

The broad goal of a speech.

“To inform/persuade/entertain …”

“ A talk is a voyage with a purpose, and it must be charted.”

General Purpose


Types of Informative Speeches and central idea

How to save people from; How to buy a used car; how to write an effective job resume; how perfume is made…

Cosmetic surgery; television viewing; Halloween; jobs interviews…

Principles of psychology; Islam; Extinction of dinosaurs…

  • Objects include places, buildings, animals, people...

Speeches about objects

Speeches about processes

Speeches about events

Speeches about concepts


Specific purpose statement

A single infinitive phrase that states precisely what a speaker hopes to accomplish in his or her speech.

Specific Purpose Statement


Guidelines for the specific purpose
Guidelines for the Specific Purpose speaker hopes to accomplish in his or her speech.

  • Express as a full sentence

    Eg: To inform my audience the three uses of laser in the medical field.

  • Do not express as a question

    Eg: Is US intervention in the Middle East necessary?

  • Avoid figurative language

    Eg: To persuade my audience that Yoga is an extremely cool way to improve your health.

  • Do not be vague or overly general

    Eg: To inform my audience about smoking.

  • Limit it to one distinct idea

    Eg: To convince my audience to become literacy tutors and to donate their time to GreenPeace.


Examples informative

  • To inform speaker hopes to accomplish in his or her speech.my audience about the three major rituals in a Malay wedding.

  • To inform my audience how to make Italian cappucino.

  • To inform my audience the major reasons for the landslide occurrence at Bukit Antarabangsa.

  • To inform my audience what to look for when buying a digital camera/handphone.

Examples…informative


Central idea thesis statement

A one-sentence statement that sums up or encapsulates the major ideas of a speech.

Usually found in the introduction of your speech.

Central Idea/Thesis Statement


Topic: major ideas of a speech.

Witchcraft Practised in the Malay Society

General purpose: To inform

Specific purpose:

To inform my audience the three major kinds of witchcraft practised today in

the Malay society.

Central idea:

The three major kinds of witchcraft practised today in the Malay society are black magic (n), sorcery (n) and satanism (n).


Topic: Social Ills major ideas of a speech.

General purpose: To inform

Specific purpose:

To inform my audience the three

major social ills facing the Malaysian society today.

Central idea:

The three major social ills facing the

Malaysia society today are domestic violence, close proximity and sexual abuse.


Topic: Chinese New Year major ideas of a speech.

General purpose: To inform

Specific purpose:

To inform my audience the three

important traditions practised during the Chinese New Year.

Central idea:

The three important traditions practised during the Chinese New Year are the reunion dinner, angpau giving and lion dance performance .


Topic: The major ideas of a speech.Heimlich Maneuver

General purpose: To inform

Specific purpose:

To inform my audience how to

perform the Heimlich Maneuver.

Central idea:

The effectiveness of the Heimlich

Maneuver depends on two factors – knowing the symptoms of a choking victim and knowing how to perform the maneuver to save the victim.


Pause

Topic: major ideas of a speech.

General purpose:

Specific purpose:

Central idea:

PAUSE


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