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全球暖化 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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全球暖化. 全球暖化 (global warming) 指的是在一段 時間 中, 地球 的 大氣 和 海洋 因 溫室效應 而造成 溫度 上升的 氣候變化現象 , 而其所造成的 效應 稱之為 全球暖化效應 。 在 20世紀 時,全球平均接近地面的大氣層溫度上升了攝氏 0.74 度。普遍來說,科學界發現過去 50 年可觀察的 氣候 改變的速度是過去 100 年的雙倍,有理由認為該時期的氣候改變是由 人類 活動所推動。

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全球暖化

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6486093


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(global warming)

200.7450100

1950


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47%


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Greenhouse Gas, GHGH2O60-70%CO226%O3CH4N2OCFCsPFCsHFCsHCFCsSF6


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(GWP)

1

CH4 PFCS N2O HFC-23 SF6


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1.CO2

2.1000-1950501950-200010

CO2


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Solar Change

Volcanic Eruptions

Potential

Climate Change

Greenhouse Gases

Aerosols

Land Cover

  • 200722(IntergovernmentalPanelonClimateChange, IPCC)(Very likely>90%)

  • 21201.8~418~59

  • 1.5-2.520-30%3.540-70%


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  • CO2

    • 203080.4

    • 203045.42010OECD

CO2

CO2


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IPCC

IPCC1990

, 1992

1992

IPCC1995

, 1997

1997

IPCC2001

, 2005

2005

2006

, 2007

2008

IPCC2007

2008

, 2009

2009

IPCC (SRREN)

2010

COP16/CMP6

, 2010

2010

IPCC (SREX)

2011

COP17/CMP7

, 2011

COP18/CMP8

, 2012

IPCC2014

1988

1992

1997

1998

2005

2005

2007

2009

2009

2010

2011

(1 )

4

G8G206 )

IPCC10

APEC 11

2012

12


Unfccc

()19925(United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, UNFCCC)199432115194

()

(UNFCCC)

  • 3.1

  • 3.2

  • 3.3(cost effectiveness)(the lowest cost)

  • 3.43.5

200912 (Copenhagen Accord )

201012 (Cancun Agreement )


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198791626


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1986198850%1994()1988

19906CFC-13()10122000


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1.

2.UNFCCC (JI)(ET)

(CDM)


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(Annex parties)(non-Annex parties)

(1) 41

(2) 140

200019901997KyotoProtocol38200820121990

(Sink)


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201112


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19985292002932005216

2008


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20025311521%19908%

1990


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20094%2012


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200011709%


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20091218

1.

2.

3.2


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1.

2.


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3.

77

4.

Carbon Tariff

http://www.pf.org.tw:8080/web_edit_adv/admin/temp_lib/temp2/temp2b1/template_view.jsp?pv=2&issue_id=209&chapter_id=14&chapter_title=%E5%93%A5%E6%9C%AC%E5%93%88%E6%A0%B9%E6%9C%83%E8%AD%B0%E4%B8%BB%E8%A6%81%E5%BD%B1%E9%9F%BF


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(The Cancun Agreement)

  • (MRV)

  • (NAMAs Registry)(ICA)MRV

  • CDM

  • (Green Climate Fund) 201230020201000

  • (Cancun Adaptation Framework)

  • REDD()


  • Login