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Animal Farm By George Orwell. Background History. Czar Nicholas II. Last Emperor of Russia– Russia led to economic and political collapse under his rule Ousted from power in 1917-his entire family including 5 children and his wife were assassinated. Karl Marx .

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Animal farm by george orwell

Animal FarmBy George Orwell

Background

History


Czar nicholas ii
Czar Nicholas II

  • Last Emperor of Russia–

  • Russia led to economic and political collapse under his rule

  • Ousted from power in 1917-his entire family including 5 children and his wife were assassinated


Karl marx
Karl Marx

  • German Philosopher who developed

    “Marxism” which was a government based on what is best for the majority of people not just the rich and upper class

  • Believed in revolutions against corrupt governing

  • Believed in pure communism and his ideas led to the forming of the Soviet Union after the Czar was ousted and murdered


Leon trotsky
Leon Trotsky

  • Revolutionary leader that led to ousting of Czar Nicholas II

  • Removed from power after making remarks against Joseph Stalin (who was not in official power yet)

  • Stalin had him assassinated


Vladimir lenin
Vladimir Lenin

  • Russian Marxist Revolutionary

  • Creator of Soviet Communist Party

  • Founder of the USSR

  • Head of Bolsheviks

  • Presided over Russia during the transformation from country ruled by Czars to communist country


Joseph stalin the bad guy
Joseph StalinThe Bad Guy

  • Rose to power after Lenin’s death

  • Assassinated Trotsky to get rid of any challenges

  • Did not follow Marxism, but began a reign of terror that resulted in the deaths of 20+ million people

  • Orchestrated a mass famine in Ukraine killing 5 million

  • Made a pact with Hitler (Hitler did not honor it, duh!)


Definitions
Definitions

  • Proletariat-(in Marxist theory) the class of workers, especially industrial wage earners, who do not possess capital or property and must sell their labor to survive.

  • Bolsheviks- a. a member of the more radical majority of the Social Democratic party, 1903–17, advocating immediate and forceful seizure of power by the proletariat.

  • b. (after 1918) a member of the Russian Communist party.


Definitions1
Definitions

  • Socialism- a   system of that advocates the ownership and control of the means of production and distribution, of capital, land, etc., in the community as a whole.

  • Communism- 1. a system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.

    2. a system of social organization in which all economic and social activity is controlled by a totalitarian state dominated by a single and self-perpetuating political party.


George orwell the author
George OrwellThe Author

  • Born in British colonized India 1903

  • Became a famous journalist

  • Critical of Stalin

  • Published Animal Farm in 1945—an allegory of the corruption of Socialism/Communism

  • Other famous novel: 1984 –prophetic vision of the results of totalitarianism (absolute control by the state )


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