Edward De Bono Six Thinking Hats

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Challenge 1. Research has shown that the best way to stimulate the creative part of the brain, is to stimulate it with practice. You have 60 seconds to write as many uses as you can think of for wire coat hangers. How many uses did you come up with?. On average 12 year old boys come up with 25 uses of the coat hanger..

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Edward De Bono Six Thinking Hats

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1. Edward De Bono Six Thinking Hats An aid to creative thinking You can analyse the past, but you can design the future. Edward de Bono

2. Challenge 1 Research has shown that the best way to stimulate the creative part of the brain, is to stimulate it with practice. You have 60 seconds to write as many uses as you can think of for wire coat hangers

3. How many uses did you come up with? On average 12 year old boys come up with 25 uses of the coat hanger.

4. Is our our ability to think creatively at risk of being lost? In most cases pre-school children explore their world through imagination and investigation and exercise possibility thinking(the engagement of everyday problems at a deep level). As children become older, the prescriptive world of formal education pushes children through a series of educational narrow gates reduces their capacity to exercise possibility thinking.

5. What are the characteristics of creative thinking? Creative thinking is characterised by: Imagination Open-mindedness A willingness to explore unexpected routes Offer tools to address the issue.

6. How can we recognise creative thinking? When pupils are thinking and behaving creatively in the classroom, you are likely to see them: Questioning and challenging Making connections and seeing relationships. Envisaging what might be Exploring ideas, keeping options open Reflecting critically on ideas, actions and outcomes.

7. Thinking in hats (Edward de Bono) To aid creative thinking Edward de Bono came up with six notional hats that can be put on and taken off easily. The hats are designed to indicate a role or mode of thinking. It is based on the principle of parallel thinking.

8. Parallel Thinking

9. The Red Hat What do you feel about the suggestion? What are your gut reactions? What intuitions do you have? Dont think too long or too hard.

10. The White Hat The information seeking hat. What are the facts? What information is available? What is relevant? When wearing the white hat we are neutral in our thinking.

11. The Yellow Hat The sunshine hat. It is positive and constructive. It is about effectiveness and getting a job done. What are the benefits, the advantages?

12. The Black Hat The cautious hat. In black hat the thinker points out errors or pit-falls. What are the risks or dangers involved? Identifies difficulties and problems.

13. This is the creative mode of thinking. Green represents growth and movement. In green hat we look to new ideas and solutions. Lateral thinking wears a green hat. The Green Hat

14. The control hat, organising thinking itself. Sets the focus, calls for the use of other hats. Monitors and reflects on the thinking processes used. Blue is for planning. The Blue Hat

15. Six Thinking Hats

16. Black hat thinking Your task You have two minutes to discuss the following using black hat thinking. What if you had an extra eye in the back of your head?

17. Green hat Thinking Your 2 minute task A man is walking down a busy street with a brown paper bag over his head. Put on your green hat to suggest possible reasons why he might be doing this. Try to come up with at least 5 possibilities.

18. Red hat thinking Your task You have two minutes to say how feel about the painting opposite.

19. Survival (A simulation game) A ball of steel wool. A small axe A loaded 45 calibre pistol A can of Crisco shortening (Lard) Newspapers (one per person) Cigarette lighter (without fluid) Extra shirt & pants for each survivor 20 x 20 ft piece of heavy-duty canvas A sectional air map made of plastic One quart of of 100% proof whisky A compass Family size chocolate bars Your collaborative thinking task You and your companions have just survived the crash of a small plane. Your task is to list the 12 items listed in order of importance for your survival. You must come to an agreement as a group (See information sheet for help)

20. How can the six hat thinking hat strategy be used with children? Through the following examples; Book orientated activities. Problem solving/decision making activities Enquiry/research projects Teamwork/collaborative activities. Issues based activities.

21. Developing thinking using the hats Now try the following activities

22. Activity 1

23. Activity 2 The thinking strategy can be used to support AfL How did you feel about your work today?(Red hat) What went well in your work? (White hat) What problem or difficulties did you find? (Black hat) How could you improve your work? (Green hat)

24. Activity 3 The thinking hat strategy can be used to help children risk assess activities. Where are you going? (White hat) How do you feel about the trip? (Red hat) What benefits will you gain from the trip? (Yellow hat) What are the risks that you may encounter? (Black hat) What could you do to prevent these risks from happening? (Green hat)

25. Activity 4 The new kid on the block scenario A new pupil has joined the school in the middle of the school term. On entering the classroom you notice that he is very nervous and withdraws into the corner of the room. Say how you would use the six hat strategy to make the boy feel welcomed and at ease.

26. Planning task Choose one lesson that you will do with your children this term and plan an activity using Debonos six hat thinking strategies.

27. What are the benefits of the thinking hat strategy? Develops learners as independent thinkers. Raises attainment. Improves behaviour Builds a positive sense of self-esteem. Develops self evaluation Improved standards of work across the curriculum

29. To finish.. Perhaps the most important benefit from teaching thinking is the increase in self-esteem and self-confidence of those taught. A youngster taught thinking feels in control of his of her life-instead of feeling like a cork carried along by a stream of life and controlled by the currents. Edward de Bono.

30. Edward De Bono: Six Thinking Hats Useful web site For lesson plans and handouts on the six hat thinking strategy go to http://schoolnet.gov.mt/tsmiddle/lesson_material.htm

31. G&T Headlines results 2010 KS1 L3+ LA consistently above national figures and statistical neighbours 2010 figures show that the LA is 5% above national for L3 reading, an increase of 3% from last year In writing, 3% increase over last year, 4% above national In maths, 3% increase over last year, 6% above national

32. G&T Headlines 2010 KS2 L5+ In English, matching national average for last 3 years Dip in Maths over last 2 years, by 1% last year and 4% this year Science 2009 shows a 1% drop from national

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