為何上運動生理學
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休閒活動或是競技運動、健康活動離不開生理的變化 ( 效率安全的參與各種活動 ) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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為何上運動生理學. 休閒活動或是競技運動、健康活動離不開生理的變化 ( 效率安全的參與各種活動 ). 運動科學中相當有代表性之學科. 各級考試中常需要考者. 成績評量. 考三次;第一次 33%( 21/10 ) 、 第二次 33%(2 /12 ) 、 第三次 34%( 13/1 ). 第一次考後繼續上課,第二及三次和期中、未考方式相同. 考試方式:選擇題、填充題 ( 可利用課本,網路上線練習 ). 缺課三次者重修;缺課或遲到加起來五次者重修. 注意事項. 每次上課前應預習 上課時應仔細聽講並作筆記 每次上課結束後應完全唸畢,避免累積

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休閒活動或是競技運動、健康活動離不開生理的變化 ( 效率安全的參與各種活動 )

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為何上運動生理學

休閒活動或是競技運動、健康活動離不開生理的變化(效率安全的參與各種活動)

運動科學中相當有代表性之學科

各級考試中常需要考者


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成績評量

考三次;第一次 33%(21/10)、第二次33%(2/12) 、第三次34%(13/1)

第一次考後繼續上課,第二及三次和期中、未考方式相同

考試方式:選擇題、填充題(可利用課本,網路上線練習)

缺課三次者重修;缺課或遲到加起來五次者重修


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注意事項

  • 每次上課前應預習

  • 上課時應仔細聽講並作筆記

  • 每次上課結束後應完全唸畢,避免累積

  • 上課後不可隨意離開教室,除了上廁所應急之外

  • 每個人需要有課本

  • 學校屢次要求,尊重著作權,不得使用影印本


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  • Office hours ( 商810)

  • 可充分利用禾楓中文參考書


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I N T R O D U C T I O N

AN INTRODUCTION TO EXERCISE AND SPORT PHYSIOLOGY


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w Note the differences between acute responses to exercise and chronic adaptations to training.

(continued)

Learning Objectives

w Learn to differentiate exercise physiology and sport physiology.


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Learning Objectives

w Learn what factors affect the body's acute response to exercise.

w Understand the six basic principles of training.

w Learn how to accurately read and interpret tables and graphs.

w Learn whether cross-sectional studies or longitudinal studies are more accurate.


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Exercise Physiology vs Sport Physiology

Exercise physiology studies how the body’s structures and functions are altered when exposed to acute and chronic bouts of exercise.

Sport physiology applies exercise physiology concepts to an athlete's training and performance.


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Acute Responses vs Chronic Adaptations

Acute responses to training involve how the body responds to one bout of exercise.

Chronic physiological adaptations to training mark how the body responds over time to the stress of repeated exercise bouts.


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Research: the foundation for understand

Use of ergometers


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Treadmill

w Results in generally higher maximal physiological values—heart rate, ventila-tion, and oxygen uptake—than cycle ergometer


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w Makes it easier to assess blood pressure and collect blood because upper body is relatively immobile

w Results are not greatly affected by body weight or changes in body weight

Cycle Ergometer


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Swimming Flume

w Allows swimmers to closely simulate their natural swimming strokes while researchers collect data


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Factors to consider during monitoring

Temperature, humidity ,light and noise

Timing, volume, and content of last meal

Quantity and quality of sleep


Heart rate response to running differ with variation in environmental and behavioral condition

Heart rate response to running differ with variation in environmental and behavioral condition


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Time of day

2 a.m.6 a.m.10 a.m.2 p.m.6 p.m.10 p.m.

Condition Heart rate (beats/min)

Resting656973747269

Light exercise100103109109105104

Moderate exercise130131138139135134

Maximal exercise179179183184181181

Recovery, 3 min118122129128128125

Data from Reilly and Brooks (1990).

An Example of Diurnal Variations in Heart Rate at Rest and During Exercise


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READING AND INTERPRETING GRAPHS


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READING AND INTERPRETING GRAPHS


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wLongitudinal studies are often more accurate than cross-sectional studies, but they can’t always be done.

Research Methodology

wLongitudinal research tests the same subjects and compares results over time.

wCross-sectional research collects data from a diverse population and compares the data for each group in that population.


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CROSS-SECTIONAL RESEARCH(cross sectional)


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LONGITUDINAL RESEARCH(longitudinal study)


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Research controls

Control group

Placebo group

Crossover design (6 month of a 12-month study) used steroids and strength


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