Standards for e learning
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Standards for e-learning. An overview: definitions, genealogy, existing standards and standards in progress. A standard is….

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Standards for e learning

Standards for e-learning

An overview: definitions, genealogy, existing standards and standards in progress

Bernard Blandin


A standard is

A standard is…

"a document, established by consensus, that provides, for common and repeated use, rules, guidelines or characteristics for activities or their results, aimed at the achievement of the optimum degree of order in a given context" (ISO/IEC Guide 2, 2004)

Bernard Blandin


Types of standards

Reference documents

Standards

International (ISO, IEC, IEEE, ITU)

European (EN)

National (AFNOR, BSI, DIN, ANSI…)

Recommendations

W3C

AICC

Charters

Code of Practice

Quality charters

Conformance evaluation

Third Party Evaluation

Accreditation (Technical competency)

Certification (Conformance to a Standard, to criteria…)

Self-evaluation

Commitment to a COP, to a charter

Commitment to a Quality approach

“prescriptive strength”

Types of standards

Bernard Blandin


Creation of a standard

Creation of a standard

Specifications, tests, then

creation of a standard by a community

The market imposes the standard

The standard is proposed to a National Body

The standard is proposed to CEN

National Standard

“De Facto” Standard

The standard is proposed to ISO

European Standard

ISO Standard

Bernard Blandin


The world of standards

Chair

Convener

Editor

Resolutions

Ballot Resolution Meeting

Disposition of Comments

Ballot

Working Groups

The world of standards

Consensus

Common Principle

IS

FDIS

CD

WD

NP

ISO

CT

SC

Actors

Progression of the document

Situations

Bernard Blandin


Who creates specifications in e learning

Who creates specifications in e-learning?

  • Professional Associations

    • Ex: IEEE(« Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers »)

  • Companies Consortia

    • Ex: AICC(« Aviation Industry CBT Committee »)

  • Collaborative projects Consortia

    • Ex: IMS(Educause – USA)

    • Ex: ADL-SCORM(Advanced Distributed Learning – USA)

    • Ex: ARIADNE(European project)

Bernard Blandin


Genealogy of e learning standards

Genealogy of e-learning standards

AICC

DCMI

IMS

SCORM

IEEE - LTSC

ARIADNE

MERLOT

ISO JTC1SC36

CAN-CORE

Proprietary solutions

CEN - ISSS

EU Mandate

Bernard Blandin


E learning standards

E-Learning standards

Standards and Recommendations (DCMI, LOM, AICC, SCORM, IMS-LD)

Bernard Blandin


What is the dublin core

Identifier

Title

Language

Description

Subject

Coverage

Type

Date

Creator

OtherContributor

Publisher

Format

Rights

Relation

Source

What is the « Dublin Core » ?

The « Dublin Core Metadata Initiative » (DCMI) proposed the first set of metadata in 1995

Bernard Blandin


What are the lom

What are the LOM ?

  • A set of metadata to describe Learning resources adopted in 2002 by IEEE (IEEE 1484.12.1)

  • The LOM are divided into 9 categories

    • General

    • Lifecycle

    • Meta-metadata

    • Technical

    • Educational

    • Rights

    • Relation

    • Annotation

    • Classification

Bernard Blandin


Lom characteristics

LOM characteristics

  • The Dublin Core fields are part of LOM data elements

  • In principle, LOM should be used as they are, with data elements names and values in English

  • In practice, there are many LOM National profiles, with the names and values of data elements translated, and often comprising extra elements

  • National profiles of LOM are incompatible with the original IEEE LOM

Bernard Blandin


The lom fr heuristic diagram

The LOM-Fr heuristic diagram

Bernard Blandin


What is aicc

What is AICC ?

  • A set of recommendations and technical reports

  • The AICC Guidelines and Recommendations (AGR) deal with

    • Hardware (AGR002), peripheral devices (AGR005)

    • Platforms Interoperability (AGR006 et AGR010), content exchange (AGR007)

    • Medias: audio (AGR003) and video (AGR008)

    • Interfaces: Windows (AGR004) and icons (AGR009)

  • Technical reports detail recommendations and certification procedures

  • Bernard Blandin


    Aicc characteristics

    AICC Characteristics

    • The fact that all Recommendations are implemented is not verifiable

    • Only Recommendations on Interoperability are verifiable and testable

    • Therefore only AGR006, AGR007, AGR010 can be certified

    Bernard Blandin


    What is scorm

    What is SCORM ?

    Bernard Blandin


    Scorm characteristics

    SCORM Characteristics

    • It is a set of specifications dealing with:

      • The way to assemble resources

      • Paths allowed (navigation between resources)

      • Information interchange between resources and the LMS

  • SCORM 1.2 and SCORM 2004 are not compatible

  • Conformance to SCORM, to-day, means SCORM 2004 certification…

  • Bernard Blandin


    Ims ld uml diagram level a

    IMS – LD (UML Diagram Level A)

    Bernard Blandin


    Example description

    Example (description)

    Bernard Blandin


    Example activity diagram

    Example (activity diagram)

    Bernard Blandin


    E learning standards1

    E-Learning standards

    The International Standards published and in progress

    Bernard Blandin


    Current fields of standardization

    Current fields of Standardization

    Bernard Blandin


    Iso iec jtc1 sc36 activities march 2006

    ISO/IEC JTC1 SC36 Activities (March 2006)

    • SC36/WG1 -- Vocabulary

      • ISO/IEC 2382-36, Information Technology Vocabulary -- Part 36: LETApr-2001, 03:CD1, 04:CD2, 05:CD3

      • ISO/IEC 19781-1: ITLET -- Registry -- Part 1: Registry contentFeb-2003, 03:CD1

      • ISO/IEC 19781-2: ITLET -- Registry -- Part 2: Registration authority processFeb-2003, 03:CD1

    • SC36/WG2 -- Collaborative Technology

      • ISO/IEC 19778-1: ITLET -- Collaborative Technology -- Cooperative Workplace Apr-2001, 02:CD1

      • ISO/IEC 19779-1: ITLET -- Collaborative Technology -- A2A Communication Apr-2001, 05:Outline WD1

      • ISO/IEC 19780-1: ITLET -- Collaborative Technology -- L2L Interaction Scheme. Apr-2001, 03:CD1, 05:CD2

    • SC36/WG3 -- Participant Information

      • ISO/IEC 24703: Information Technology -- Participant identifiersAug-2001, 01:CD1, 02:FCD, 04:IS

      • ISO/IEC 19787: ITLET -- Participant performance informationJan-2003, 03: CD1, 04:CD2

      • ISO/IEC 24726: ITLET -- Description of performance metricsJan-2003,Oct-2005: withdrawn

      • ISO/IEC xxxxx: ITLET -- Description of language capabilitiesFeb-2004, Mar-2006: Withdrawn

      • ISO/IEC xxxxx: ITLET -- Conceptual model for competencies and related termsOct-2005 PDTR

    • SC36/WG4 -- Management and Delivery

      • ISO/IEC 19783: ITLET -- Management and delivery -- FW DMs and bindingJul-2002, 04:withdrawn

      • ISO/IEC 19788: ITLET -- Metadata for Learning ResourcesJul-2003, 05:WD1

    • SC36/WG5 -- Quality Assurance and Descriptive Frameworks

      • ISO/IEC 19796: ITLET -- Quality Management, Assurance and MetricsJul-2003, 03:CD1, 05:IS (Part 1), 06: CD1(Part 2-3-4)

      • NP Ballot For: ITLET -- Descriptive framework for LETMar-2000,04:NP failed,05:renounced

    • SC36/WG6 -- International Standardized Profiles (ISP)

      • ISO/IEC 24725: ITLET -- Specification and use of extensions and profiles [TR]Feb-2004, 05:withdrawn

      • ISO/IEC 24725-2: ITLET -- Profiles of standards and specifications -- RELMar-2005, 03:PDISP, 05:FPDISP

      • ISO/IEC 24725-x: ITLET -- Framework and Taxonomy of PSSMay-2005, 05:CD1

    • SC36/WG7 -- Culture/Language/Human-Functioning Activities

      • ISO/IEC 19786: ITLET -- Participant accommodation informationJan-2003, 04:CD2, 06: CD3

      • ISO/IEC 24751: ITLET -- Individualized Adaptability and Accessibility in E-LETFeb-2005, 05:3 WDs for 3 Parts

    New

    New 

    Bernard Blandin


    The actors in iso iec jtc1 sc36 in march 2006

    The actors in ISO/IEC JTC1 SC36 in March 2006

    • SC36 Secretariat: David Hyde BSI/UK (February 2006)SC36 Chair is Bruce People (USA) – 22 Participating Members, 5 Observing Members

    • New WG1 Convener: David Clemis (Canada)

      • Editors: Jon Mason (Australia) for ISO/IEC 2382-36 and Frank Farance (USA) for ISO/IEC 19781

    • WG2 Convener: Toshio Okamoto (Japan)

      • Editors: Kiyoshi Hara for ISO/IEC 19778 CW, Co-Editors In Sook Lee and Tae In Han (Korea) for ISO/IEC 19779 A2A, Co-Editors Akihiko Koga (Japan) and Norm Friesen (Canada) for ISO/IEC 19780 CLC

    • New WG3 Convener: Bernard Blandin (France)

      • Editors: Frank Farance (USA) for ISO/IEC 24703 and ISO/IEC 19787, Co-Editors Bernard Blandin (France) and Simone Laughton (Canada) for ISO/IEC 24763

    • New WG4 Convener: Gilles Gauthier (Canada)

      • Co-Editors: Yolaine Bourda (France) and Shi Yuan Chun (China) for ISO/IEC 19788

    • WG5 Acting Convener: Christian Stracke (Germany) (call for new convener spring 2006)

      • Co-Editors: Jan Pawlowski (Germany) for all parts of 19796, Tae-In Han (Korea) for 19796-2, Kenji Hirata (Japan) for 19796-3, Duk Hoon Kwak (Korea) 19796-4

    • WG6 Co-Conveners: Yang Zongkai (China) and Prof. Zhu Zhiting (China)

      • Editors: Li Zheng (China) and Cheng Wenqing (China) for ISO/IEC 24725-1

    • WG7 Convener: Erlend Overby (Norway)

      • Editors: Frank Farance (USA) for ISO/IEC 19786, Co-Editors Jutta Treviranus (Canada), Liddy Nevile (Australia) and Andy Heath (UK) for ISO/IEC 24751

    • RG1 Chair: Patrick Towell (UK)

    • SWG Chair: Bruce Peoples (USA)

    Bernard Blandin


    Standards for e learning

    Any question ?

    Bernard Blandin


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