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The UK response: adaptation and mitigation strategies. Professor Dame Sally C Davies Director General Research and Development Department of Health. Health effects of climate change Adaptation Mitigation Research Living with Environmental Change Research Programme. Outline of Talk.

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The uk response adaptation and mitigation strategies

The UK response: adaptation and mitigation strategies

Professor Dame Sally C Davies

Director General

Research and Development

Department of Health


Health effects of climate change

Adaptation

Mitigation

Research

Living with Environmental Change Research Programme

Outline of Talk



Health effects of climate change
Health Effects of Climate Change

  • Heatwave-related health problems

  • Air pollution – Respiratory & Cardiovascular effects

  • Flooding / mental health consequences

  • Infectious / vector-borne diseases

  • Sunburn, skin cancer

  • Water & Food shortages

  • Extreme weather-related events (injuries/death)

  • But, decrease in cold-related illness & deaths


Adaptation current plans
Adaptation – current plans

Heatwave

National Heatwave Plan

DH (annually since 2004)

Flooding

NHS Emergency Planning Guidance

DH/HPA (2009)

Food-borne disease

‘Bugs like it hot’ campaign

Food Standards Agency (2007)

Air Pollution

UK Air Quality Strategy

Department for Environment,

Food & Rural Affairs (2007)


Climate change act 2008 and adaptation planning
Climate Change Act (2008) and Adaptation Planning

Targets - Reduction of UK carbon emissions by at least 34% by 2020 and at least 80% by 2050, (1990 baseline levels

Accountability - Committee on Climate Change (CCC) and Sub Committee on Adaptation

Action plans – Key public bodies and utilities companies required to have plans and Government Departments to publish Climate Change Plans in Spring 2010

Evidence - UK Climate Projections published 2009


Mitigation – ‘Good Corporate Citizen’

  • The NHS

    • biggest business in England

    • contributes approx 25% of the public sector’s total carbon emissions

    • 1 in 20 journeys in the UK associated with the NHS

      Choosing Health: Making Healthier Choices Easier (DH 2004)

  • NHS Energy and Carbon Efficiency Targets (£100m Energy Efficiency Sustainability Fund)

  • ‘The Health Impact of Climate Change - Promoting Sustainable Communities’

    (DH 2008)


Measure and manage the carbon footprint of nhs england c 20 million tonnes carbon dioxide eq p a
Measure and manage:The carbon footprint of NHS England(c. 20 million tonnes carbon dioxide eq p.a.)

Travel: patients, staff, visitors = c.20%

  • Procurement: supply chain activities of companies producing goods and services= c. 60%

  • Energy: heating, lighting, hot water, ventilation, cooling = c. 20%


Nhs sustainable development unit
NHS Sustainable Development Unit

  • Helps the NHS in England fulfil its potential as a leading sustainable and low-carbon organisation

  • NHS Carbon Reduction Strategy (2009 - building design, transport, waste, food, water & energy use)

  • Fit for the Future (2009 - Scenarios for low-carbon healthcare 2030)


‘Climate Change is Global’

  • ‘Health is Global’ - A UK Government Strategy, 2008-13.

  • UK co-chairs the WHO (Europe) Climate Change Task Force, to develop a Framework for Action on Climate Change and Health.

  • WHO European Environment and Health Ministerial Conference, Parma, 2010


The LWEC partnership brings together 20 UK organisations funding, undertaking and using environmental research to accelerate the delivery of research on environmental change into policy and business.


Lwec objectives
LWEC Objectives

How to increase the resilience of vulnerable people, places and

infrastructure?

How to ensure food, water and human security?

How to deliver a low carbon

society?

To predict the impacts of climate change and to promote sustainable solutions through mitigation and adaptation

To manage ecosystem services for human well-being and to protect the natural environment as it changes

To promote human well-being, alleviate poverty and minimise waste by ensuring a sustainable supply of food and water

To protect human, plant and animal health from diseases, pests and environmental hazards

To make infrastructure, thebuilt environment andtransportsystems resilient to environmental change

To understand how people respond to a changing environment and develop thriving, cohesive and informed communities



Reducing carbon emissions in research
Reducing carbon emissions in research advances

  • National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) has established an expert committee to produce guidelines for reducing carbon emissions in research

  • Recent BMJ publication showed most of carbon emissions in RCTs is due to travel (K Lyle et al. BMJ 2009 339 4187)

  • estimate average CO2 emission of randomised trials is 78.4 tonnes


Thank you

Thank you advances

Professor Dame Sally C Davies

Director General

Research and Development

Department of Health


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