Syphilis
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K M. Syphilis. Definition. A sexually transmitted bacterial infection An infectious disease 4 stages of Syphilis- Primary, Secondary, Latent and Tertiary. History. 1500’s First epidemic of syphilis in Europe It’s believed France was the starting point of the epidemic 1900’s

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Syphilis

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Syphilis

KM

Syphilis


Definition

Definition

  • A sexually transmitted bacterial infection

  • An infectious disease

  • 4 stages of Syphilis- Primary, Secondary, Latent and Tertiary


History

History

1500’s

  • First epidemic of syphilis in Europe

  • It’s believed France was the starting point of the epidemic

    1900’s

  • Found out it was transmitted through the placenta

  • 106, 000 cases caused the second epidemic in 1947 in the US


History continued

History continued...

  • In 1956 and 1957 the number of new cases dropped hitting a low of 3 per 100,000

  • In the 1960’s another jump in the rate of syphilis hit but not enough to be an epidemic

  • In the 1970’s there was a large decline in the number of cases


Symptoms primary

SymptomsPrimary

  • Painless ulcers where the infection has entered the body (vulva, cervix, penis, anus and mouth)

  • 2-6 weeks to heal without treatment

  • If no treatment is given the symptoms will move on to the secondary stage


Symptoms secondary

SymptomsSecondary

  • Begins 3-6 weeks after the ulcers appear

  • Flulike illness (i.e loss of appetite, fatigue, swollen glands)

  • Non-itchy rash covering body

  • Ulcers may still appear

  • White patches on tongue and roof of mouth

  • Patchy hair loss


Symptoms latent tertiary

SymptomsLatent/Tertiary

  • Latent has no symptoms like the first two stages.

  • If not treated will develop into Symptomatic late syphilis/Tertiary stage

  • Develops after about 10 years and can affect the heart and nervous system


Causes

Causes

  • Having sexual or oral intercourse

  • From a mother to her unborn baby

  • Caused by Treponemapallidum

  • You can NOT catch syphilis by sharing baths, toilets, towels or eating utensils.


Diagnosis

Diagnosis

  • Take a blood sample and sending it to a STD testing lab

  • Specimen of fluid taken using a cotton swab

  • Genital examination to check for primary stage symptoms

  • Women can have internal examinations done to check for sores

  • Sample of urine


Treatment

Treatment

  • Main therapy for syphilis is antibiotic treatment (penicillin)

  • Appropriate antibiotic treatment in the primary and secondary stages will completely cure the disease

  • In latent and tertiary stages treatment can stop further damage


Treatment continued

Treatment continued...

  • If damage has already been done, can be treated but is usually impossible to repair fully


Future outlook

Future Outlook

  • Scientists and doctors are working to find an effective new way to curing syphilis

  • Better ways to diagnose

  • Better ways to define stages

  • Develop tests to detect

    infection in babies

  • Create a syphilis vaccine


Statistics

Statistics

  • In 2008, 63% of the reported primary and secondary syphilis cases were among men who have sex with men

  • Women ages 20 – 24 were most prone to having the disease

  • Men ages 34-39 were most prone to having the disease


References

References

  • All Sands. (n.d.). The History Of Syphilis And Its Treatment. Retrieved May 11, 2011, from http://www.allsands.com/health/advice/syphilishisto_zkq_gn.htm

  • Treatments for Syphilis. (2006, September 10). Retrieved from About.com database http://menshealth.about.com/od/sexualdiseasesstds/a/syphilis_treat.htm

  • National Institutes of Health. (2010, August 1). Syphilis. Medicine plus. Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/syphilis.html

  • Kennard, J. (2010, March 5). Signs and Symptoms of Syphilis. Retrieved from About database. http://menshealth.about.com/od/sexualdiseasesstds/a/syphilis_signs.htm

  • Primary syphilis. (n.d.). Retrieved from Skinsight database. http://www.skinsight.com/teen/primarySyphilis.htm

  • Syphilis. (n.d.). Syphilis: Symptoms, pictures and treatment. Retrieved 2011, from Avert website: http://www.avert.org/syphilis.htm

  • Syphilis. (n.d.). Retrieved 1996-2011, from Canada database. http://bodyandhealth.canada.com/channel_condition_info_details.asp?disease_id=208&channel_id=1020&relation_id=70907


References1

References

  • Blood test. (n.d.). Retrieved from Health database. http://www.cnn.com/2010/HEALTH/01/29/arthritis.blood.test/index.html

  • Clinaero Inc. (n.d.). Syphilis research. Retrieved from eMedTV database. http://syphilis.emedtv.com/syphilis/syphilis-research-p2.html


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