Poverty
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Poverty. Defined See page 161, L&L Chapter 6 Absolute vs. Relative Poverty Evaluate levels in terms of the standard of living Standard of living, defined. The Poverty Line. The Poverty Line. Cost of living differences Doesn’t hit the “Dream Line” Assumes constant social mobility.

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Poverty
Poverty

  • Defined

    • See page 161, L&L Chapter 6

  • Absolute vs. Relative Poverty

  • Evaluate levels in terms of the standard of living

    • Standard of living, defined



The poverty line1
The Poverty Line

  • Cost of living differences

  • Doesn’t hit the “Dream Line”

  • Assumes constant social mobility


Poverty1
Poverty

  • Based on a “nutritionally inadequate food plan”

  • The Trouble with the “Official” Definition:

    • It “excludes many people who define themselves, and whom most of you would define, as poor” (L&L 2010:162)

  • Intersects with other social problems and institutions


The extent of poverty
The extent of poverty

  • U.S. has the rate in the developed world

  • More in poverty, though have a higher poverty rate

  • 1 of every 5 children live in poverty (2006)

  • “there is also a core of people who remain in poverty, an underclass that experiences chronic hunger and malnutrition, unemployment, and substandard housing” (Lauer and Lauer xxxx:164)

    • The Working Poor


Poverty some impacts
Poverty – some impacts

  • Higher rate of infant mortality

  • More likely to

  • More likely to be

  • More likely to

  • Lower levels of social trust

  • Less likely to participate in civic life

  • A “small” problem (to us) might be a major life impediment to the poor


Poverty debunking the myths
Poverty – debunking the myths

  • The more money we have, the happier we are

    • Only to a certain point…

  • Perceived happiness

  • What does it mean to be poor?


Poverty debunking the myths1
Poverty – debunking the myths

  • Myth 1 – “Welfare people are lazy…”

  • Myth 2 – “Welfare makes life easy…”

  • Myth 3 – “People become addicted to welfare…”


The values of poverty
The Values of Poverty

  • Autonomy

  • Equal opportunity

  • Security

  • Change

  • Power(lessness)


The structural causes of poverty
The Structural causes of Poverty

  • Political decision making and the distribution of political and economic power


The structural causes of poverty1
The Structural causes of Poverty

  • Political decision making and the distribution of political and economic power

  • Game is “rigged” toward middle and upper classes.

  • 3 ways the economy hurts the poor


The structural causes of poverty2
The Structural causes of Poverty

  • 3 ways the economy hurts the poor


The structural causes of poverty3
The Structural causes of Poverty

  • Poverty and Families

    • Families in poverty tend to:

    • Class differences in family life


The structural causes of poverty4
The Structural causes of Poverty

  • Poverty and Education

    • Children in poverty


Social psychological impacts of poverty
Social Psychological impacts of poverty

  • Disparagement and Discrimination

    • The self-fulfilling prophecy

  • Value of “individualism” as a value


Race and ethnicity
Race and Ethnicity

  • Race defined

  • Ethnic group defined

    • Tables on p. 228, 236 of readings

  • The social construction of race


Race and ethnicity1
Race and Ethnicity

  • Voter disenfranchisement

  • “Life chances”

  • Institutional racism

    • Racial threat hypothesis

    • 3 ways institutional racism is in the economy

  • Prejudice defined

  • Common fallacies


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