The 6 traits of writing
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The 6 Traits of Writing. *Ideas *Organization *Word Choice *Sentence Fluency *Voice *Conventions. Created by: Jennifer Heidl-Knobloch & Jody Drake. Ideas & Content.

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The 6 Traits of Writing

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The 6 traits of writing

The 6 Traits of Writing

*Ideas

*Organization

*Word Choice

*Sentence Fluency

*Voice

*Conventions

Created by: Jennifer Heidl-Knobloch & Jody Drake


Ideas content

Ideas & Content

“The ideas are the heart of the message, the content of the piece…all the details that enrich and develop the theme.”

--Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory


If you don t care about what you write about your reader will be bored

If you don’t care about what you write about, your reader will be bored!


Ideas content1

Ideas & Content

A writer should:

~ Narrow the topic to something specific

~ Use a fresh, original perspective

~ When possible, write from experience

~ Use important, interesting details

(not just common knowledge)


Organization

Organization

“Organization is the internal structure of a piece of writing, the thread of central meaning, the pattern.”

--Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory


Organization1

Organization

A writer should:

~ use an inviting lead that hooks the reader

~ use logical and effective order, structure, & sequence

~ use smooth transitions to emphasize main idea

~ place supporting details where they are most appropriate

~ use a conclusion that gives the reader a sense of resolution (clincher)


Word choice

Word Choice

“Strong word choice clarifies and expands ideas…moves and enlightens the reader.”

--Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory

“Don’t tell me the moon is shining; show me the glint of light on broken glass.”

--Anton Chekhov


Word choice1

Word Choice

A writer should:

~ Use words that create a mental picture for the reader

~ Use powerful action verbs (vivid verbs)

~ Use specific nouns and adjectives

~ Use language that is natural and not overdone

~ Be concise (tighten sentences)

~ Use words correctly

~ Avoid repetition, slang, and clichés


Sentence fluency

Sentence Fluency

“Sentence fluency is the rhythm and flow of the language.”

--Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory

“To me the greatest pleasure of writing is not what it’s about, but the music the words make.”

--Truman Capote


Sentence fluency1

Sentence Fluency

  • Sentence Fluency is the rhythm and beat of the language you hear in your head. Writing that’s fluent is graceful, varied, rhythmic – almost musical. It’s easy to read aloud. Sentences are well built. They move. They vary in structure and length. Each seems to flow right out of the one before.


Sentence fluency2

Sentence Fluency

A writer should:

~Vary sentence beginning, structure, and length

~ Use complete sentences

~ Use transitions (internal & external) to promote cadence


Voice

Voice

“It is the heart and soul of the writing, the magic, the wit, the feeling, the life and breath.”--Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory

“Voice is the personal imprint of the writer on the page.” --Jim Collins


Voice1

Voice

A writer should:

~ Write honestly and from the heart

~ Interact with the reader

* without using YOU

~ Use language that brings the topic to life

~ Care about topic

~ Use expression to voice personality


And lastly

And lastly…

CONVENTIONS


Conventions

Conventions

Some of you may not enjoy the editing process, but without this step, the other 5 traits could be overshadowed by errors that distract the reader. This trait is essential to a polished composition.


Conventions1

Conventions

A writer should:

~ Turn in a clean, edited, and polished final draft

~ Reinforce the organization with good paragraphing

~ Use correct punctuation, spelling, and grammar


The 6 traits of writing

Quotations to Inspire

“ What is written without effort is in general read without pleasure.”

- Samuel Johnson

“ We write to taste life twice.”

~ Anais Nin


Works cited

Works Cited

“Assessment.” Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory. 11 Jan. 2005. 6 July 2005. <www.nwrel.org/assessment/scoring.php?odelay=3&d=1>.

“Grammar Cartoons.” Google Images. 6 July 2005. <www.images.google.com/images?synum=10&hl=en&lr=&q=grammar+cartoons>.

Roberts, Bethany. "Writing for Children Workshop: Writing Quotes."16 June

2005. < http://www.bethanyroberts.com/writing_quotes.htm>.

Spandel, Vicki. Creating Writers Through 6-Trait Writing Assessment and Instruction. New York: Addison Wesley Longman, 2001.

Steele, Kimberly. “Ideas for Teaching Writing.” 23 June 2004. 6 July 2005. <www.kimskorner4teachertalk.com/writing/menu.html.>


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