State & Local Government. Unit 8 Review. What document explains the laws, government offices, and citizens’ rights, and responsibilities in the state of Georgia?. Georgia State Constitution. How many articles are in the Georgia State Constitution?. 11.
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State & Local Government
Georgia State Constitution
3 Branches of
Bill of Rights
√ Vote in state elections
√ Serve on jury when
√ Serve in the military
√ Obey the laws of the
√ Must be at least 18 years of age
√Must be a citizen of the United States
√Must be a legal resident of Georgia and the county in which he or she registers
√ Must have registered to vote five Mondays before the Election Day
√ Must not be serving a prison sentence for a felony offense
In person at your assigned voting place or at the county court house.
There is no limit.
√ Only the House of Representatives can write appropriations (spending) bills.
√ Only the Senate can confirm appointments the governor makes to executive offices.
√ Either house can propose and pass bills.
√ All bills must be approved by both houses before being sent to the governor.
To make laws
All bills must be reviewed by a house or senate committee.
30 Years Old
A citizen of the United States for at least 15 years
The Speaker of the House of Representatives
● Enforce state labor
● Maintain statistical
data on labor
Interpret the laws of the state
Civil Cases –
disputes between two or more person or groups
Criminal Cases –
Cases involving violations of the law
A serious crime such as a murder or burglary punishable by a year or more in prison, a fine of at least $1,000 or both
A less serious crime punishable by less than a year in prison, a fine of less than $1,000 or both
Whether or not a person accused of a crime should be charged and stand trial for that crime.
● working together to find common ground
● discussing the issue with the hope of resolving it
● having a mutual friend talk to both of you together
● listening respectfully to the other person’s point of view
● explaining your point of view in a calm manner
The mayor is a strong leader who proposes legislation, prepares the budget, appoints all department heads, and has veto power.
The city council has both legislative and executive powers. The mayor has limited powers, appoints few city officials, and has little veto power. Mayor is primarily a figurehead.
The voters elect a city council that establishes laws and policies. There is a mayor who may be elected or named by the council. Council hires a city manager who is responsible for the day-to-day operation of the city.
◊ A School System
◊ Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA)
◊ Public Housing Authority
◊ Community Fire Departments
◊ Parks & Recreation Authorities
◊ Airport & Port Authorities
■ Counties provide trial courts for the state judicial system and maintain roads that are part of the state highway system and issue automobile tags and collect licensing fees.
■ Counties provide assistance in statewide emergency situations.
■ Counties maintain records and vital statistics on citizens such as property ownership, marriages, births, and deaths and conduct voter registration and state elections.
Juveniles have the same basic rights as adult citizens.
Law which permits youths who are charged with certain violent crimes to be treated as adults.
This case is tried in a superior court not a juvenile court.
There is a mandatory 10 year sentence.