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State & Local Government. Unit 8 Review. What document explains the laws, government offices, and citizens’ rights, and responsibilities in the state of Georgia?. Georgia State Constitution. How many articles are in the Georgia State Constitution?. 11.

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State & Local Government

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State & Local Government

Unit 8

Review


  • What document explains the laws, government offices, and citizens’ rights, and responsibilities in the state of Georgia?


Georgia State Constitution


  • How many articles are in the Georgia State Constitution?


11


  • What are the principles of the Pledge of Allegiance to the Georgia Flag?


Wisdom

Moderation

Justice


  • How did Georgia leaders separate powers of state government?


3 Branches of

Government


  • Rights for Georgia citizens are modeled after…


The

Bill of Rights


  • What are some of the responsibilities Georgians have to their state?


√ Vote in state elections

√ Serve on jury when

called

√ Serve in the military

when required

√ Obey the laws of the

land


  • What are the voting requirements for a Georgia citizen?


√ Must be at least 18 years of age

√Must be a citizen of the United States

√Must be a legal resident of Georgia and the county in which he or she registers

√ Must have registered to vote five Mondays before the Election Day

√ Must not be serving a prison sentence for a felony offense


  • What methods are used for voting on Election Day?


In person at your assigned voting place or at the county court house.


  • Who are organized groups of people who share common ideals and seek to elect their members to government offices?


Political

Parties


  • How long is a term of office for state senators and representatives?


2

Years


  • What is the limit on the number of terms a state senator or representative can serve?


There is no limit.


  • Describe the duties of the House of Representatives and Senate.


√ Only the House of Representatives can write appropriations (spending) bills.

√ Only the Senate can confirm appointments the governor makes to executive offices.

√ Either house can propose and pass bills.

√ All bills must be approved by both houses before being sent to the governor.


  • What is the primary purpose of the Legislative Branch?


To make laws


  • Georgia’s legislature is officially known as what?


General

Assembly


  • How many members are in the Georgia House of Representatives?


180


  • How many members are in the Georgia State Senate?


56


  • Who presides over the state senate?


Lieutenant

Governor


  • What day does the state legislative session begin each year?


The Second

Monday

in January


  • How many work days does the yearly legislative session last?


40

Days


  • What must happen to a bill before it can be brought up for a vote in the house and senate?


All bills must be reviewed by a house or senate committee.


  • Which branch of the state government is the largest?


Executive

Branch


  • How old must a person be to run for the office of governor?


At Least

30 Years Old


  • What is the citizenship requirement for governor?


A citizen of the United States for at least 15 years


  • If the governor and the lieutenant governor both die or resign in office, who serves as chief executive until another can be elected?


The Speaker of the House of Representatives


  • What are the powers of the governor?


  • Which state position maintains the state farmers’ markets and directs agribusiness programs?


Commissioner

of

Agriculture


  • What are the duties of the commissioner of labor?


● Enforce state labor

laws

● Maintain statistical

data on labor

● Administer

unemployment

insurance programs


  • Which state position supervises elections?


Secretary of

State


  • What is the primary function of the state judicial branch?


Interpret the laws of the state


  • How are positions in the Georgia state courts filled?


Elected by

Georgia

voters


  • How many justices serve on the Georgia Supreme Court?


7


  • Cases are automatically reviewed by the State Supreme Court when they deal with what?


the death

penalty


  • What is the difference between civil and criminal cases?


Civil Cases –

disputes between two or more person or groups

Criminal Cases –

Cases involving violations of the law


  • What is a felony?


A serious crime such as a murder or burglary punishable by a year or more in prison, a fine of at least $1,000 or both


  • What is a misdemeanor?


A less serious crime punishable by less than a year in prison, a fine of less than $1,000 or both


  • What does a grand jury decide?


Whether or not a person accused of a crime should be charged and stand trial for that crime.


  • What is the term used to describe when a person is taken into custody and charged with a crime?


arrest


  • What is the court hearing called in which the judge reads the charges against the defendant and the defendant enters a plea?


arraignment


  • What is the decision of a jury or judge about whether a defendant is guilty as charged called?


verdict


  • What is the penalty imposed by a court called?


sentence


  • What are some methods of solving conflicts peacefully?


● working together to find common ground

● discussing the issue with the hope of resolving it

● having a mutual friend talk to both of you together

● listening respectfully to the other person’s point of view

● explaining your point of view in a calm manner


  • Describe due process.


  • When arrested, you have the right to have a lawyer present during questioning.

  • You have the right to remain silent so as not to incriminate (blame) yourself.

  • You must be given a speedy, public trial before a fair judge and jury.


  • Who is the main governing authority in almost all of Georgia’s counties?


Board of

Commissioners


  • Describe a strong mayor-council system.


The mayor is a strong leader who proposes legislation, prepares the budget, appoints all department heads, and has veto power.


  • Describe a weak mayor-council system.


The city council has both legislative and executive powers. The mayor has limited powers, appoints few city officials, and has little veto power. Mayor is primarily a figurehead.


  • Describe a council-manager system.


The voters elect a city council that establishes laws and policies. There is a mayor who may be elected or named by the council. Council hires a city manager who is responsible for the day-to-day operation of the city.


  • Give examples of special purpose governments.


◊ A School System

◊ Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA)

◊ Public Housing Authority

◊ Community Fire Departments

◊ Parks & Recreation Authorities

◊ Airport & Port Authorities


  • What are some activities or services that counties perform on behalf of the state?


■ Counties provide trial courts for the state judicial system and maintain roads that are part of the state highway system and issue automobile tags and collect licensing fees.

■ Counties provide assistance in statewide emergency situations.

■ Counties maintain records and vital statistics on citizens such as property ownership, marriages, births, and deaths and conduct voter registration and state elections.


  • Who is considered a juvenile in Georgia?


17


  • What is any act committed by a juvenile that would be considered a crime if it were committed by an adult called?


A

Delinquent

Act


  • How do the rights of juveniles compare to the rights of adults?


Juveniles have the same basic rights as adult citizens.


  • What types of cases will be heard in a juvenile court?


  • Juveniles who commit traffic offenses.

  • Delinquent juveniles (those under 17 who commit acts that would be crimes if committed by an adult)

  • Unruly juveniles (those under 18 who commit acts that would not be crimes if committed by adults

  • Juveniles under the supervision or probation of the court.

  • Deprived juveniles (Children under 18 who are neglected or abused by parents or guardians or those who have no parents or legal guardians)

  • Cases involving children who need mental health services.

  • Proceedings involving judicial consent for marriage, employment, or enlistment in the armed services when such consent is required by law.


  • Describe the process if a juvenile commits a delinquent act or is accused of unruly behavior.


  • Intake – the juvenile is turned over to a juvenile court intake officer who investigates.

  • Probable Cause Hearing – Within 72 house of deciding to keep a juvenile in custody, the judge will preside over the hearing.

  • Informal Adjustment – The juvenile and his or her parents/guardians must admit that the juvenile committed the offense and agree to certain conditions before he/she may be released.

  • Supervision – The court supervises the juvenile for 90 days to make sure he/she obeys the conditions.


  • Describe Georgia’s Seven Deadly Sins Act.


Law which permits youths who are charged with certain violent crimes to be treated as adults.

This case is tried in a superior court not a juvenile court.

There is a mandatory 10 year sentence.


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