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State & Local Government. Unit 8 Review. What document explains the laws, government offices, and citizens’ rights, and responsibilities in the state of Georgia?. Georgia State Constitution. How many articles are in the Georgia State Constitution?. 11.

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

What document explains the laws, government offices, and citizens’ rights, and responsibilities in the state of Georgia?

slide7

Wisdom

Moderation

Justice

slide9

3 Branches of

Government

slide11

The

Bill of Rights

slide13

√ Vote in state elections

√ Serve on jury when

called

√ Serve in the military

when required

√ Obey the laws of the

land

slide15

√ Must be at least 18 years of age

√Must be a citizen of the United States

√Must be a legal resident of Georgia and the county in which he or she registers

√ Must have registered to vote five Mondays before the Election Day

√ Must not be serving a prison sentence for a felony offense

slide18

Who are organized groups of people who share common ideals and seek to elect their members to government offices?

slide19

Political

Parties

slide21

2

Years

slide25

√ Only the House of Representatives can write appropriations (spending) bills.

√ Only the Senate can confirm appointments the governor makes to executive offices.

√ Either house can propose and pass bills.

√ All bills must be approved by both houses before being sent to the governor.

slide29

General

Assembly

slide35

Lieutenant

Governor

slide37

The Second

Monday

in January

slide39

40

Days

slide43

Executive

Branch

slide45

At Least

30 Years Old

slide48

If the governor and the lieutenant governor both die or resign in office, who serves as chief executive until another can be elected?

slide53

Commissioner

of

Agriculture

slide55

● Enforce state labor

laws

● Maintain statistical

data on labor

● Administer

unemployment

insurance programs

slide61

Elected by

Georgia

voters

slide65

the death

penalty

slide67

Civil Cases –

disputes between two or more person or groups

Criminal Cases –

Cases involving violations of the law

slide69

A serious crime such as a murder or burglary punishable by a year or more in prison, a fine of at least $1,000 or both

slide71

A less serious crime punishable by less than a year in prison, a fine of less than $1,000 or both

slide74

What is the term used to describe when a person is taken into custody and charged with a crime?

slide76

What is the court hearing called in which the judge reads the charges against the defendant and the defendant enters a plea?

slide78

What is the decision of a jury or judge about whether a defendant is guilty as charged called?

slide83

● working together to find common ground

● discussing the issue with the hope of resolving it

● having a mutual friend talk to both of you together

● listening respectfully to the other person’s point of view

● explaining your point of view in a calm manner

slide85

When arrested, you have the right to have a lawyer present during questioning.

  • You have the right to remain silent so as not to incriminate (blame) yourself.
  • You must be given a speedy, public trial before a fair judge and jury.
slide87

Board of

Commissioners

slide89

The mayor is a strong leader who proposes legislation, prepares the budget, appoints all department heads, and has veto power.

slide91

The city council has both legislative and executive powers. The mayor has limited powers, appoints few city officials, and has little veto power. Mayor is primarily a figurehead.

slide93

The voters elect a city council that establishes laws and policies. There is a mayor who may be elected or named by the council. Council hires a city manager who is responsible for the day-to-day operation of the city.

slide95

◊ A School System

◊ Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA)

◊ Public Housing Authority

◊ Community Fire Departments

◊ Parks & Recreation Authorities

◊ Airport & Port Authorities

slide97

■ Counties provide trial courts for the state judicial system and maintain roads that are part of the state highway system and issue automobile tags and collect licensing fees.

■ Counties provide assistance in statewide emergency situations.

■ Counties maintain records and vital statistics on citizens such as property ownership, marriages, births, and deaths and conduct voter registration and state elections.

slide100

What is any act committed by a juvenile that would be considered a crime if it were committed by an adult called?

slide101

A

Delinquent

Act

slide105

Juveniles who commit traffic offenses.

  • Delinquent juveniles (those under 17 who commit acts that would be crimes if committed by an adult)
  • Unruly juveniles (those under 18 who commit acts that would not be crimes if committed by adults
  • Juveniles under the supervision or probation of the court.
  • Deprived juveniles (Children under 18 who are neglected or abused by parents or guardians or those who have no parents or legal guardians)
  • Cases involving children who need mental health services.
  • Proceedings involving judicial consent for marriage, employment, or enlistment in the armed services when such consent is required by law.
slide107

Intake – the juvenile is turned over to a juvenile court intake officer who investigates.

  • Probable Cause Hearing – Within 72 house of deciding to keep a juvenile in custody, the judge will preside over the hearing.
  • Informal Adjustment – The juvenile and his or her parents/guardians must admit that the juvenile committed the offense and agree to certain conditions before he/she may be released.
  • Supervision – The court supervises the juvenile for 90 days to make sure he/she obeys the conditions.
slide109

Law which permits youths who are charged with certain violent crimes to be treated as adults.

This case is tried in a superior court not a juvenile court.

There is a mandatory 10 year sentence.

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