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State & Local Government. Unit 8 Review. What document explains the laws, government offices, and citizens’ rights, and responsibilities in the state of Georgia?. Georgia State Constitution. How many articles are in the Georgia State Constitution?. 11.

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Georgia State Constitution citizens’ rights, and responsibilities in the state of Georgia?



11 citizens’ rights, and responsibilities in the state of Georgia?



Wisdom Georgia Flag?

Moderation

Justice



3 Branches of Georgia Flag?

Government



The Georgia Flag?

Bill of Rights



√ Vote in state elections their state?

√ Serve on jury when

called

√ Serve in the military

when required

√ Obey the laws of the

land



√ Must be at least 18 years of age their state?

√Must be a citizen of the United States

√Must be a legal resident of Georgia and the county in which he or she registers

√ Must have registered to vote five Mondays before the Election Day

√ Must not be serving a prison sentence for a felony offense





Political and seek to elect their members to government offices?

Parties



2 representatives?

Years



There is no limit. representative can serve?



√ Only the House of Representatives can write appropriations (spending) bills.

√ Only the Senate can confirm appointments the governor makes to executive offices.

√ Either house can propose and pass bills.

√ All bills must be approved by both houses before being sent to the governor.



To make laws appropriations (spending) bills.



General appropriations (spending) bills.

Assembly



180 Representatives?



56 Representatives?



Lieutenant Representatives?

Governor



The Second year?

Monday

in January



40 year?

Days





Executive vote in the house and senate?

Branch



At Least vote in the house and senate?

30 Years Old





The Speaker of the House of Representatives resign in office, who serves as chief executive until another can be elected?




Commissioner and directs agribusiness programs?

of

Agriculture



● Enforce state labor and directs agribusiness programs?

laws

● Maintain statistical

data on labor

● Administer

unemployment

insurance programs



Secretary of and directs agribusiness programs?

State



Interpret the laws of the state and directs agribusiness programs?



Elected by and directs agribusiness programs?

Georgia

voters



7 and directs agribusiness programs?



the death when they deal with what?

penalty



Civil Cases when they deal with what? –

disputes between two or more person or groups

Criminal Cases –

Cases involving violations of the law



A serious crime such as a murder or burglary punishable by a year or more in prison, a fine of at least $1,000 or both



A less serious crime punishable by less than a year in prison, a fine of less than $1,000 or both





arrest into custody and charged with a crime?



arraignment the charges against the defendant and the defendant enters a plea?



verdict defendant is guilty as charged called?



sentence defendant is guilty as charged called?



● working together to find common ground defendant is guilty as charged called?

● discussing the issue with the hope of resolving it

● having a mutual friend talk to both of you together

● listening respectfully to the other person’s point of view

● explaining your point of view in a calm manner





Board of Georgia’s counties?

Commissioners



The mayor is a strong leader who proposes legislation, prepares the budget, appoints all department heads, and has veto power.



The city council has both legislative and executive powers. The mayor has limited powers, appoints few city officials, and has little veto power. Mayor is primarily a figurehead.



The voters elect a city council that establishes laws and policies. There is a mayor who may be elected or named by the council. Council hires a city manager who is responsible for the day-to-day operation of the city.



◊ A School System policies. There is a mayor who may be elected or named by the council. Council hires a city manager who is responsible for the day-to-day operation of the city.

◊ Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA)

◊ Public Housing Authority

◊ Community Fire Departments

◊ Parks & Recreation Authorities

◊ Airport & Port Authorities



■ Counties provide trial courts for the state judicial system and maintain roads that are part of the state highway system and issue automobile tags and collect licensing fees.

■ Counties provide assistance in statewide emergency situations.

■ Counties maintain records and vital statistics on citizens such as property ownership, marriages, births, and deaths and conduct voter registration and state elections.



17 system and maintain roads that are part of the state highway system and issue automobile tags and collect licensing fees.



A considered a crime if it were committed by an adult called?

Delinquent

Act





  • Juveniles who commit traffic offenses. adults?

  • Delinquent juveniles (those under 17 who commit acts that would be crimes if committed by an adult)

  • Unruly juveniles (those under 18 who commit acts that would not be crimes if committed by adults

  • Juveniles under the supervision or probation of the court.

  • Deprived juveniles (Children under 18 who are neglected or abused by parents or guardians or those who have no parents or legal guardians)

  • Cases involving children who need mental health services.

  • Proceedings involving judicial consent for marriage, employment, or enlistment in the armed services when such consent is required by law.



  • Intake – the juvenile is turned over to a juvenile court intake officer who investigates.

  • Probable Cause Hearing – Within 72 house of deciding to keep a juvenile in custody, the judge will preside over the hearing.

  • Informal Adjustment – The juvenile and his or her parents/guardians must admit that the juvenile committed the offense and agree to certain conditions before he/she may be released.

  • Supervision – The court supervises the juvenile for 90 days to make sure he/she obeys the conditions.



Law which permits youths who are charged with certain violent crimes to be treated as adults.

This case is tried in a superior court not a juvenile court.

There is a mandatory 10 year sentence.


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