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FOCUSED MONITORING: FINDINGS, ISSUES AND BEST PRACTICES. FOCUSED MONITORING OVERVIEW. IDEA 2004 states. The primary focus of Federal and State monitoring activities shall be on improving educational results and functional outcomes for all children with disabilities…….
The primary focus of Federal and State monitoring activities shall be on improving educational results and functional outcomes for all children with disabilities……
A process that purposefully selects priority areas to examine for compliance/results while not specifically examining other areas to maximize resources, emphasize important variables, and increase the probability of improved results.
Centers around critical performance indicators from State Performance Plan (SPP)
Focused Monitoring includes a review of:
Any data pertaining to goal/priority area such as:
Part B Application
Policies and Procedures
District Improvement Plan
Observations and File Reviews
Access is the right for all individuals to be a member of
an accessible educational community. Access in education provides academic accommodations and promotes universal design principles enabling students with disabilities the opportunity to fully participate in all aspects of the educational environment as successful and independent learners.
Accommodations could allow for the provision of equitable instructional and assessment access for students with disabilities. Accommodations reduce or eliminate the effects of a student’s disability and do not reduce learning expectations.
Accommodations are practices and procedures in the areas of:
Accommodations in Presentations
Accommodations in Response
Accommodations in Setting
Accommodations in Timing/Scheduling
Friend and Cook\'s (2002) definition of collaboration states that it is a "style of direct interaction between at least two co-equal parties voluntarily engaged in shared decision making as they work toward a common goal".
Through collaboration, ideas can be shared, new and better strategies can be developed, problems can be solved, student’s progress can be better monitored, and their outcomes evaluated more effectively. True collaboration will enhance effective inclusion and will be beneficial for all the individuals involved in the child’s education including parents.
Establishing a strong collaborative ethic in a school has the additional benefit of enhancing teacher morale and providing teachers with a support network.
Co teaching is a process that involves two or more professionals who jointly deliver instruction to a diverse group of students in a shared classroom space.
Types of co-teaching:
A plan where the curriculum is aligned throughout the entire district for use by all students. A curriculum map should be a document developed by all instructional staff working together to clearly map out, month-by-month, what instructional objectives will be taught by whom, through what activities and measured by what assessments. This map should ensure that all students in the district, horizontally and vertically, regardless of age or disability, have access to all aspects of the Illinois Learning Standards for that subject matter area.
1. Aligned text
2. Supplemental materials
Data driven decision making strategy
Differentiated instruction is a teaching philosophy based on the premise that teachers should adapt instruction to accommodate the full diversity of academic needs.
Differentiation can occur in various forms including
Differentiation of Content
Differentiation of Process
Differentiation of Product
Differentiation of Environment
Selected differentiation strategies should always be based on the curriculum taught and the needs of the students.
The concept of diversity encompasses acceptance and respect. It means understanding that each individual is unique and recognizes individual differences. Diversity can occur in race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, socio-economic status, age, physical abilities, religious beliefs, political beliefs, or other ideologies.
For example, one educator, Dr. Ruby K. Payne is well known for her work in how to interact effectively with individuals living in poverty by understanding their social cues or "hidden rules" that govern how they think and interact in society -- and the significance of those rules in a classroom.
Equity in education is the fair and equal treatment of all members of society. All individuals are entitled to participate in and enjoy the benefits of an education. All students have the opportunity to participate fully and to experience success and human dignity while developing the skills, knowledge and attitudes necessary to contribute meaningfully to society.
A commitment to the principle of equity means working to ensure that each person is able to reach his or her full potential and make a positive contribution to the community.
Modifications change, lower or reduce learning or assessment expectations.
Modifications are more instructional or program-centered. They ask the questions: "What is the array of interventions necessary for the student to master a topic or subject?" Is this all that can be employed to ensure the best learning environment?" The modifications are thus instruction or program-centered interventions that best provide optimal opportunity for learning.
Parallel Curricular Outcomes
Response to intervention encompasses three essential components:
SAC is a rigorously tested research-based program featuring proven strategies for aligning classroom instruction and assessment with the Illinois Learning Standards.
SAC involves both teachers and students in the standards process by empowering them to create high quality classroom assessment together.
Research has shown that when teachers involve students in the assessment process, students are more engaged, perform better, and gain greater confidence.
The SEC is a practical, reliable set of data collection tools being used with teachers of Mathematics, Science and English Language Arts (K-12) to collect and report consistent data on current instructional practices and content being taught in classrooms. Teachers complete the survey questions though an online, web-based system. Upon completion, the group data are reported in user-friendly charts and graphs to facilitate analysis of differences across classrooms, schools, or districts.
Data Driven Decision Making
Standards Aligned Classroom (SAC)
Survey of Enacted Curriculum