The end of wwi and the treaty of versailles
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The End of WWI, and the Treaty of Versailles. M. DiLuccio. Events of 1917. America joins the war with the Allies (April 1917). Why? Because Germans kept sinking American ships with U- boats from 1915-1917. Germany also wanted Mexico to go to war with America in January 1917.

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Events of 1917
Events of 1917

  • America joins the war with the Allies (April 1917).

  • Why? Because Germans kept sinking American ships with U-boats from 1915-1917.

  • Germany also wanted Mexico to go to war with America in January 1917.

    America in the War

  • By mid- 1918, there were over 1 Million American soldiers in Europe, and many more arriving.

Russian revolution1
Russian Revolution the

  • The Russians revolted, demanding Land, Bread and Peace (Russian revolution)

  • In March 1918 the Russians signed a separate peace treaty with Germany, the treaty of Brest-Litovsk and Germany turned all armies to the Western Front

  • Germany began their last offensive in April 1918. They advanced 60km but were held back by Britain, Canada and France

The end of wwi
The End of WWI the

  • The fighting continued on the Western Front in Belgium and France into 1918

  • Neither side could win decisive (important/big) battle that would guarantee victory

  • Soldiers on all sides began to question the point of war

Hundred days campaign
Hundred Days Campaign the

  • Starting in August 1918, the Allies used a series of attacks to push back the Germans

  • Canadians were very important in helping with this.

  • They successfully broke through the Hindenburg line

  • General Arthur Currie considered it Canada’s greatest achievement in WWI.

Collapse of the central powers
Collapse of the Central Powers: the

  • October1918–Austro-HungarianEmpiresplitsup;separate statesnegotiatepeacewithAllies

  • November1918–revolutioninGermany;Kaiser(King) steps down;republicdeclared


The end of wwi1
The End of WWI the

  • Riots/Protests began in Germany because of food shortages and protests against the war

  • Some members of the German navy refused to go to sea. It was obvious that Germany had lost the war.

  • An armistice (agreement / treaty) to end the war was signed on November 11, 1918

Making peace
Making Peace the

  • Paris Peace Conference, 1919

  • Allies discuss terms of peace agreement

  • PM Robert Borden demands and gets his own seat at the peace conference. He wanted Canada to represent itself, instead of being represented by Britain.

  • Borden also signed the treaty after the conference.

  • Britain, France, and USA did most of the talking.

  • The result was the Treaty of Versailles

The treaty of versailles
The Treaty of Versailles the

  • Signed on June 28, 1919

  • This created the terms of peace with Germany.

  • The world blamed Germany for starting the war. Foreign governments forced Germany to do the following:

Treaty of versailles
Treaty of Versailles France

League of Nations is Created under the Treaty

  • Similar to United Nations (UN)

  • To make sure that every country is secure, and no country is attacked.

  • Canada was an independent member of the League

League of nations
League of Nations France

Problems with League of Nations

  • Required co-operation between countries

  • No military force. Only economic force.

  • America refused to Join, even though it was the President’s Ideas

Treaty of versailles germany
Treaty of Versailles: Germany France

Controlled by League of NationsLand given to other countries What remained of Germany

Question: France

Was the Treaty of Versailles Fair????

After the war remembrance day
After the War: Remembrance Day France

  • In Canada we observe Remembrance Day

  • It is a day to remember the soldiers who fought for our freedom

  • It is observed at the eleventh hour, of the eleventh day, of the eleventh month, we pause for a moment to remember our soldiers

Aftermath of wwi
Aftermath of WWI France

  • 16 Million People dead worldwide (10 million soldiers, 6 million civilians)

  • 21 million wounded/injured

  • Veterans did not have good pensions or special medical services.

  • Not many jobs for veterans

  • Spanish Influenza (disease) …..

Spanish influenza
Spanish Influenza France

  • Spanish Influenza (disease) spread by soldiers returning home.

  • 21 million dead worldwide (55,000 Canadians)

  • Many small aboriginal communities almost destroyed.

  • Schools and public places closed for months.

  • People had to wear breathing masks in some places

Why is wwi important for canada
Why is WWI important for Canada? France

It had many effects

  • Economy

  • Women’s rights

  • International reputation

  • French-English Relations

  • Racism

  • Thousands Dead and Wounded

  • Canadian Pride and independence

The end

The End France