EVIDENCE FOR THE RESURRECTION. HPCF Jay Smith April 24 , 2011. Introduction. Importance of Resurrection: Jesus was dependant on the resurrection from the dead to prove that He was the Son of God (Matthew 16:21, Mark 8:31, Luke 9:22, and John 2:19-21)
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April 24, 2011
Importance of Resurrection: Jesus was dependant on the resurrection from the dead to prove that He was the Son of God (Matthew 16:21, Mark 8:31, Luke 9:22, and John 2:19-21)
1 Corinthians 15:14-19: “If Christ has not been raised, our preaching is useless and so is your faith...you are still in your sins...[you] are to be pitied more than all men.”
The Messiah who would come first to suffer and then to triumph over that suffering, pointing to His death & resurrection
1) PSALM 22: We read about agony & desolation in verses 1-21, followed by deliverance & faithfulness in vss 22-31.
2) PSALM 69: We read of a suffering man and death in verses 1-29, but then find praise and triumph in verses30-36.
3) ISAIAH 53: suffering & sacrificial servant, in vss 1-9, then prolonged days, with offspring & fruit of his labours in vss 10-11
All three point to the coming death and resurrection.
A number of times Jesus spoke of His impending death and resurrection prior to His death. He mentioned it:
1) To the Pharisees at the Temple, in John 2:19-21
2) On His way to Jerusalem He talked about it in Matthew 16:21, and Luke 9:22.
3) After Peter\'sconfessionHe referred to it in Mark 8:31.
4) At the Mount of OlivesHe prayed about it, in Mark 14:28.
NO BODY HAS EVER BEEN PRODUCED!Only some empty clothes. What are the implications behind the empty tomb
(b) 16 Legionnaire GUARDS (Mt.27:66). If slept, killed by burning. Went to Priests, why= (Mt.28:11-15)=stole body
(c) Roman SEAL missing (rope attached to sides of tomb wall) (Matthew 27:66). Punishment was crucified upside-down
(d) Nazareth MARBLE SLABwith penalty of death for robbing a tomb, instead of a fine. Why stiffer penalty imposed?
Zebedee & Salome ---------- Mary & Joseph ---------- Cleopas & Mary
/ \ \ / \
James John JESUSJosesJames the Younger
1) Incomplete Reporting:
Diagram of location of People on the Sabbath Day: -Joanna is with her husband in the old Hasmonaean Palace, residence of Herod Antipas. With them is her friend Susanna. -Most of the disciples have fled to Bethany. The rest are at John’s house in south Jerusalem, with the possible exception of Thomas, who may have gone further afield
Location of people on the night after the Sabbath (which finished at sunset): -Mary Magdalene has returned home to Bethany. -With her have gone Cleopas and his wife Mary, to see the disciples-Among them were their son James the Younger and their nephew, James.
Locations of characters early that Sunday morning: -Mary Magdalene, Cleopas, and his wife (Mary) have set out to John’s house in Jerusalem. -Meanwhile, at the tomb, the guards have been stunned by the appearance of the angels, who roll back the stone sealing the entrance to the tomb. -The guards faint in terror.
Movements early that Sunday morning: -Cleopasremains at John’s house, whilst the two Marys, along with Salome, have called for Joanna and Susanna. The five women now head for the tomb to do the women’s work of anointing the body.-Meanwhile, the guards have recovered and are running back to tell the authorities of their experience. The angels are waiting inside the tomb.
The women arrive at the garden and the tomb: -The women have reached the edge of the garden, and have seen in the distance that the stone sealing the tomb has been rolled away. -Mary Magdalene jumps to the conclusion that the authorities have taken the body, and races back to Jerusalem to tell Peter and John, while the other 4 go on to the tomb.
The four women encounter the angels at the tomb: -The four women enter the tomb, where they encounter the two angels, one of whom gives them a message for the disciples.-Meanwhile, Mary Magdalene has reached Peter and John and cried: “They have taken the Lord out of the tomb, and we don’t know where they have laid him!”
-Arriving at the tomb, Peter and John find an empty tomb and grave clothes, with no angels, nor the body of Jesus (Luke 24:24; John 20:2-9).-Meanwhile the women have arrived back at John’s place with a message, specifically for Peter (Matthew 28:7 and Mark 16:7); since he is not there, they wait for his return.
-Peter and John make their way from the tomb to John’s house, leaving Mary Magdalene, weeping at the tomb (John 20:11).-Mary then goes into the tomb and sees the two ‘men in white’, not knowing they were angels.-It is now that Mary Magdalene has her famous encounter with the risen Jesus (John 20:14-17, and Mark 16:9)-Thus, Mary Magdalene is the first to see the resurrected Jesus!
Meetings with Jesus: -As Mary Magdalene returns from her meeting with the risen Jesus, Cleopas and his friend set out for Emmaus, meeting Jesus on the road. -The other four women are heading for Bethany, to tell the disciples (as they were instructed by the angels). -As they run along the road, they too meet Jesus. Thus, when Matthew is given the news at Bethany, he can be told about both the angels and Jesus at once!
The disciples all meet Jesus:-All the disciples, with the exception of Thomas, are gathered back in Jerusalem; either in John’s house, or that of John Mark. -Jesus appears to them.-Thomas, as yet still a sceptic, will later have his own meeting with Jesus (John 20:24-29); Luke, however, has telescoped the various appearances of Jesus into one.