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Challenges for world fish trade. by Helga Josupeit Fishery Industry Officer Rome, August 2009. Outline. Production Trade Recent developments in commodity trade main issues for international fish trade. Outline. Production Trade Recent developments in commodity trade

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challenges for world fish trade
Challenges for world fish trade

by

Helga Josupeit

Fishery Industry Officer

Rome, August 2009

outline
Outline
  • Production
  • Trade
  • Recent developments in commodity trade
  • main issues for international fish trade
outline3
Outline
  • Production
  • Trade
  • Recent developments in commodity trade
  • main issues for international fish trade
outline8
Outline
  • Production
  • Trade
  • Recent developments in commodity trade
  • main issues for international fish trade
outline15
Outline
  • Production
  • Trade
  • Recent developments in commodity trade
  • main issues for international fish trade
shrimp
SHRIMP
  • shrimp is the most important commodity traded worldwide, accounting for about 16% of total export value (of fishery products)
  • developing countries main source of supply
  • aquaculture very important
  • economic strongly felt by trade
  • low shrimp prices due to economic crisis
slide17
Tuna
  • tuna is the only concentrated industry among fisheries industry
  • share in total trade declining (8% at present)
  • in the press for resource management concerns and for mercury content
  • impact of economic crisis not felt
groundfish
Groundfish
  • very traditional and well established industry
  • a lot of processing done in China
  • resource under stress for many species
  • however, cod resource returned in Barents Sea and in Atlantic off Canada
  • impact of economic crisis important
cephalopods
Cephalopods
  • very few consuming countries
  • important industry in a handful of countries
  • resource difficult to assess
  • prices up for squid, due to extremely low catch in 2009, but economic crisis put a brake to substantial price hikes
fishmeal
Fishmeal production down in 2008 and early 2009

El Niño year likely, which will lead to lower fishmeal production in 2010

Fishmeal
tilapia
strong growth rate

China dominates trade

No trade in EU

USA strong market

Tilapia
pangasius
Viet Nam main producer

Trade growing very strongly

Russia major importer

problems of early 2009 resolved

Pangasius
salmon
Salmon
  • expansion of production will come to an end in 2009, due to disease problems in Chile
  • aquaculture production extremely important
  • prices expected to go up
outline25
Outline
  • Production
  • Trade
  • Recent developments in commodity trade
  • main issues for international fish trade
tariffs
Tariffs
  • Tariffs on fish reduced over time
  • Today: average tariff 4.5 % on fish imports by developed countries
  • Remaining problem 1: tariff escalation for processed products
  • Remaining problem 2: tariff peaks on some species
  • Remaining problem 3: less tariffs, more non-tariff barriers, formal and informal
  • For some countries: preference erosion
  • Discussions on formulas for reduction
non tariff barriers
Non Tariff Barriers
  • As import duties on fish in general have been much reduced, remaining barriers often relate to quality and safety. Therefore: the following WTO agreements are extremely important for fish products:
  • Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT
  • Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS)
  • (these are not up for discussion on the Doha agenda)
sanitary regulation
Sanitary Regulation
  • HACCP-based fish safety and quality systems
  • improved safety and quality of fish and fishery products offered on the international markets
  • More transparency and harmonization among trading partners
  • integrated approach to safety and quality, taking into account the entire fish value chain
  • risk-based systems in importing economies
labelling requirements
Labelling requirements
  • If countries wish to export to the European Union (EU) or to the USA, they must comply with certain import requirements;
  • traceability and
  • product labelling requirements
world trade organization
World Trade Organization
  • 153 members
  • All major fishery countries are members
    • except: Russian Federation
  • WTO Agreements regulate all trade between members
wto and fishery specific issues
WTO and Fishery Specific issues
  • Fish is NOT classified as an agricultural product but as an industrial product
  • Fish NOT covered by Agreement on Agriculture
  • Fish trade treated as trade in industrial goods
  • Therefore:
  • Fish trade will benefit from general liberalization of trade and reduction of import duties
certification schemes
Certification Schemes
  • Environmental certification examines the level of sustainability of fisheries
  • Social certification examines the social provenance of products
  • Brands/branding
environmental certification
Environmental certification
  • Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
  • Friends of the Sea (FoS)
  • Naturland
  • Aquaculture Certification Council (ACC)
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Capture fish production is likely to decline
  • Aquaculture production is likely to grow further, though at lower path
  • International trade is impacted by economic crisis, especially high end products have problems
conclusions35
Conclusions
  • Russia is an important importer of fishery products, especially of pangasius and shrimp
  • Tariffs and non tariff barriers are a challenge for international trade,
  • WTO negotiations can help to overcome some of these.
  • Free Trade Agreements important
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