The end of the war
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The End of the War. After D-Day, the Allied troops were still trying to reclaim France The Allies outnumbered the Germans, but the Germans were stout defenders The Allies pushed forward and recaptured France at heavy costs Battle of Caen July 10, 1194 casualties

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The End of the War

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The end of the war

The End of the War


The end of the war

  • After D-Day, the Allied troops were still trying to reclaim France

  • The Allies outnumbered the Germans, but the Germans were stout defenders

  • The Allies pushed forward and recaptured France at heavy costs

    • Battle of Caen July 10, 1194 casualties

    • July 25 Battle at Verrieres Ridge, the Black Watch Battalion was almost entirely annihilated

  • It took two months to liberate France, July 25 Americans and French troops liberated Paris


Assaulting the rhine

Assaulting the Rhine

  • March 1945 – 9th Canadian Infantry Brigade (the first Parachute Battalion) attacked the Rhineland

  • Allies pushed the Western Front, and the Russians from the East

  • Canadians were charged with clearing the Germans out of the Netherlands


The end of the war

  • The Germans controlled the Scheldt River’s mouth (Belgium & Netherlands)

    • At the time, the Dutch were starving, thousands had already died from starvation

  • Canadian troops defeated the Germans at the Battle of the Scheldt in November 1944

  • Canadians continued to clear the Germans from the Netherlands

  • A few days later, food and supplies distributed

  • This build rapport with the Netherlands and Canadian soldiers- similarly to the inhabitants of Normandy

  • It also granted the Allies access to Germany


Princess margaret

Princess Margaret

  • Queen Juliana had her baby in Canada in 1942

  • They made Canada a Dutch Protectorate so Princess Margaret could be born on Dutch soil

  • To thank Canada for Liberating them and for being a Protectorate, they send tulip bulbs to Ottawa every year

  • This is how the Tulip Festival originated


Victory in europe

Victory in Europe

  • Finally, the Allied entered Germany, and moved to surround Berlin

  • On April 30th 1945, the Soviets entered the city

    • In an underground bunker, Hitler committed suicide

    • On May 5th a ceasefire was declared

    • On May 7th German forces surrendered unconditionally

    • Some Nazi commanders were shot, some escaped, very few were captured


Yalta conference

Yalta Conference

  • February 4-11, 1945

  • The “Big Three” government leaders from the US, Soviet Union, and Britain met up in Yalta to discuss what to do with Germany

    • They decided to “cut” up Germany and each country would monitor different sections

    • This they felt, would avoid the failures and problems that the Treaty of Versailles led to

  • Stalin wanted to expand the Communist regimes

  • US and Britain wanted to create peace and install democratic nations


Churchill truman stalin

Churchill, Truman, & Stalin


The end of the war

  • Germany was denazified and demilitarized

  • Poland’s borders was reorganized; they received territory from Germany

    • Poland’s communist party was instated as the government

    • Stalin wanted the Soviet Union members to be granted membership in the UN

  • Nazi war criminals were to be tried and prosecuted

    • Nuremberg Trials


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