Civilian suffering in the second world war
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 19

The Cost of War PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 72 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Civilian suffering in the Second World War. The Cost of War. Civilian Deaths. WW2 was the first war in history where more civilians died than soldiers. Nazi officers execute a civilian. CIVILIANS were caught in the war. WW2 featured a horrifying loss of civilian life.

Download Presentation

The Cost of War

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Civilian suffering in the second world war

Civilian suffering in the Second World War

The Cost of War


Civilian deaths

Civilian Deaths

WW2 was the first war in history where more civilians died than soldiers.

Nazi officers execute a civilian.


Civilians were caught in the war

CIVILIANS were caught in the war

WW2 featured a horrifying loss of civilian life.

  • The French village of Oradour sur Glane was destroyed by Nazis on June 10, 1944.

  • All the houses were set on fire.

  • The women and children were locked in the church which was also set on fire.

  • All but six of the residents were murdered.

  • The village stands untouched and ruined as a memorial.


Civilian deaths1

Civilian Deaths

Allies

Great Britain 60,000

France 360,000

United States Minimal

USSR 7,700,000

Belgium 90,000

Holland 190,000

Norway Minimal

Poland 5,300,000

Greece 80,000

Yugoslavia 1,300,000

Czechoslovakia330,000

China 10,000,000

Total 25,410,000

Axis powers

Germany 3,810,000

Austria 80,000

Italy 85,000

Rumania 465,000

Hungary 280,000

Bulgaria 7,000

Finland Minimal

Japan 360,000

Total 5,087,000

Total civilian casualties Allies + Axis = 30,497,000


Civilian deaths2

Civilian Deaths

These heavy losses were due to:

  • Massive bombing raids on cities

  • People caught in battle zones

  • Starvation and loss of homes


Atrocities

Atrocities

However, many civilians were simply murdered by brutal conquering nations.

Japanese soldiers use bayonets to stab Chinese in Nanking, 1937.

A German soldier shoots a Russian woman as she holds her child.


Atrocious adjective

Atrocious (adjective)

1: extremely wicked, brutal, cruel, barbaric

2: appalling, horrifying <the atrocious weapons of modern war>

3: utterly revolting, abominable <atrocious working conditions>

Atrocity (n) an act of brutality or crueltyAtrociously (adv)

War crimes are typically called ATROCITIES.


Nazi atrocities

Nazi Atrocities

  • Germany murdered at least 12-14 million civilians in a campaign to “clean out” the “weaker” racial groups in Europe.

    Murdered victims:

  • Jews

  • Gypsies

  • homosexuals

  • Slavs

  • handicapped

Mass grave of Nazi victims in the USSR.


The holocaust

The “Holocaust”

  • The murder of the Jews is specifically called “The Holocaust.”

  • But there were many millions of other victims.

Concentration Camp Scenes


Nazi atrocities1

Nazi Atrocities

According to historian Martin Gilbert, 2.5 million Soviet prisoners of war were killed by poison gas.

Nazi armies wiped out entire villages in many countries. The intent was to kill every last person.

Nazis used public hangings to intimidate civilians.


Thousands of villages destroyed

Thousands of villages destroyed

CRIMEAN VILLAGES DESTROYED BY NAZIS.

Acibulat, Hocasala, Sahmirza, Argin, Kamisli, Savatka, Armutluk, Kandor, Selen, Arpat, Karalez, Sirli Köprü, Asagi, Çorgun, Karasubasi, Soyun-Aci

Asagi Taygan, Kalintay, Star-Suli, Avci, Köy, Kaymak, Stila, Ayan, Kaynavut, Suri, Aylanma, Kesek-Karatuk, Suvuksu, Aytodor, Ketaut, Suyu-Aci, Badrak, Kermençik, Tama, Bahçeli, Kilsadik, Taskora, Bahsan, Kislav, Tatar-Köy, Bakatas, Kizilkoba, Tatar-Osman, Bakes, Kobazi, Tavbadrak, Baydar, Kokköz, Tavdayir, Besuy, Kokluz, Tav-Eli, Biyesala, Konrat, Tav-Kipçak, Bora, Koktas, Temirci, Burunca, Kos Degirmen, Teskondu, Büyük-Laka, Köprülü Köy, Ters-Kondu, Büyük-Onlar, Kovus, Toban-Eli, Büyük-Özenbas, Koyüs, Totay-Köy, Büyük-Yanköy, Kozi-Eli, Ulakli, Cafer-Berdi, Küçük Özenbas, Ulu-Özen, Cansaray, Kuçka, Ulusala, Çardakli, Kutlak, Urkusta, Çavke, Kutluk, Uppa, Çerkez-Kermen, Kumüslük, Uppi-Köy, Çirmalik, Maltoy, Veyrant, Çokrak, Mambet-Ulan, Veyrat, Çorgun, Mangus, Yanci-Köy, Çorgun-Yukari, Mamut-Sultan, Yanibardak, Çormalik, Molbay, Yani-Köy, Deren Ayir, Navdayir, Yeni-Sala, Ekitas, Ortalan, Yeni-Saray, Elbuzlu, Payli-Yar, Yukari Taygan, Eskisaray, Piçki, Yüzümlük, Fotsala


Japanese atrocities unit 731

Japanese Atrocities—Unit 731

  • Japan murdered many millions of civilians, especially in China.

  • Japan also did medical experiments on civilians—mostly Chinese. (“UNIT 731”)

JAPANESE “DOCTOR” WITH A VICTIM OF HIS EXPERIMENT.


Japanese atrocities comfort women

Japanese Atrocities—Comfort Women

  • Japan kidnapped young women and sent them off to remote Pacific islands.

  • The Japanese Army forced these women to be slave girlfriends for Japanese soldiers (“Comfort Women”).

“Comfort Women” who survived the war protest against Japan for compensation. Other comfort women were killed when their islands were invaded.


Prisoners of war pows

Prisoners of War (POWs)

Japanese treatment of POWs and captured westerners was appalling.

Beating captured soldiers

(drawing by an eyewitness)

Starved Prisoner of War


War crimes trials

War Crimes Trials

  • When the war ended, the Allies put leading Nazis and Japanese on trial.

  • Trials were held in Tokyo and Nuremberg.

  • Many defendants were convicted and hanged.

High ranking Nazis sitting in court, 1946.


Escaping the hangman

Escaping the hangman

Some of the accused committed suicide

before they were tried or sentenced.

SS GENERAL HEINRICH HIMMLER

AIR FORCE GEN. HERMANN GOERING


Few precedents

Few Precedents

It is difficult to find another time in history

when nations acted so brutally.

A JAPANESE SOLDIER PROUDLY STANDS AMONG HIS VICTIMS.


Reaping the whirlwind

REAPING THE WHIRLWIND…

Therefore, there should be no surprise that Allied nations used horrible brutality to fight back against the Axis.

EXECUTION OF AUSTRALIAN POW

HIROSHIMA, 6 AUGUST 1945


The end

The End

“They that sow the wind shall reap the whirlwind.”

Hosea 8:7


  • Login