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Peer Assisted Learning Strategies. Intervention is…. Focused instruction which is based on : A student’s response to instruction As measured by assessment data (the assessment can be formal or informal). What does intervention look like?.

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Intervention is
Intervention is…

  • Focused instruction which is based on:

    • A student’s response to instruction

    • As measured by assessment data

      (the assessment can be formal or informal)

What does intervention look like
What does intervention look like?

  • Intervention is not a mini-comprehensive reading lesson:

  • Intervention:

    • Gives time for extra opportunities for mastery of concepts and skills

    • Group size is smaller

    • Focused on one or two areas of instruction

Time intensity and instruction
Time, Intensity and Instruction

  • Time: How much time?

  • Intensity: How many students in a group?

  • Instruction: What will be the focus of instruction?

What is pals
What is PALS?

  • A whole-class, tier II targeted intervention

  • Please read Overview Section


  • The key to this program is successfully teaching the routines.

  • Teachers will need to directly teach routines and new games/sounds/words

  • Continual reinforcement of correct procedures.

  • Students will work in pairs.

  • The teacher moves around the room spot-checking procedures and content.

How do i set up pals
How do I set up PALS?

  • Scheduling

  • Pairing Students

  • Preparing Materials

  • Teaching Routines

  • Monitoring Students and Awarding Points


  • Once Routines are established, PALS should …

    • Happens three days a week

      • K-PALS - 20 minutes for 20 weeks

      • PALS First Grade - 30 minutes for 16 weeks

    • You will need to carve out this precious chunk of time

    • Initial organization is the key to success!!!

Pairing students
Pairing Students

  • Rank students in terms of reading skill

  • Divide the list in half

  • Pair strongest reader in top half with the strongest reader in the lower half

  • Continue this process until all students have a partner (KPALS 9, PALS 24)

Pairing coaches and readers
Pairing Coaches and Readers

  • Utilizing DIBELS ranking for Phoneme Segmentation (kinder) OR Nonsense Word (First) for Midyear.

  • Print your report

  • Cut at the midpoint

  • Pairs are then side-by-side

  • If the majority of your kinder class is proficient in or better in Phoneme Seg., follow the same procedure with the Nonsense Word Report

Ideas for management
Ideas for Management

  • Handling Absentees

  • Moving Students to and from Partners

  • Monitoring and Awarding Points

  • Triads

  • KPALS 9-11, PALS 24-27

Important details
Important Details

  • The Coach corrects all errors immediately

    • Correction Procedure

  • The Reader must demonstrate mastery

    • Master before moving on!

  • The higher performing student is always the coach first!

  • Demonstrate your preference for positive and constructive behavior statements

    • Actively encourage positive interactions

  • KPALS 12, PALS 28

Types of lessons
Types of Lessons


  • Teacher Games ( 5 min)

  • Student Games (15 min)


  • Sounds and Words (15 min)

  • Story Sharing (15 min)

Kpals teacher games
KPALS Teacher games

  • Introduce Letters (weeks 1-5, 7-10, 12-20)

    • Point to new letter in box, tell name, students repeat

  • Sound Blending (weeks 3-7)

    • Say word slowly, hold up finger for each sound, ask students “what word”

  • Last Sound (weeks 8-12)

    • Say word, ask “What is the last sound?’

  • Segmenting Words (weeks 13-17)

    • Students learn how to say words slowly (sound by sound) holding up a finger for each word

  • Letter-Sound Correspondence (weeks 13-20)

    • Learn sound-symbol correspondences

  • Sounding Out Words (weeks 16-20)

    • Learn how to blend sound symbols to decode words

Kpals student activities
KPALS Student Activities

KPALS – pg 20

  • Name Game (wks 1-20)

    • Played 2X, name letters, 3-4 minutes, Switch Roles

  • Rhyme Time (wks 1-5)

    • Paired pictures, Rhyme ID, 3-4 minutes, Switch Roles

  • First Sound (wks 1-10)

    • Pictures, Initial Sound ID, 3-4 minutes, Switch Roles

  • Say the Word (wks 6-15)

    • Pictures, Phoneme Blending, 3-4 minutes, DO NOT Switch Roles

  • Last Sound (wks 11-20)

    • Pictures, Final Sound ID, 3-4 minutes, Switch Roles

  • Stretch It (wks 16-20)

    • Pictures, Phoneme Segmentation, 3-4 minutes, Switch Roles

      Each Game is worth 5 points!

  • Pals student activities sounds and words pg 10 22
    PALS Student Activities – Sounds and words (pg 10-22)

    New sound and word is introduced by teacher, then pairs start (15 min)…

    • Letter Sounds

      • Coach points, reader names sound

    • Hearing Sounds

      • Coach reads word, reader stretches it

    • Sounding Out

      • Coach prompts, reader sounds out word slowly and then reads it

    • Sentences and Stories

      • Before reading sentences/stories, coach direct reader to practice sight words – “Read It”

      • Then coach prompts read to read sentences/stories

        Each Game is worth 5 points!

        Students Complete Entire Sheet before Switching Roles!

    Pals student activities story sharing pg 10 22
    PALS Student Activities – Story Sharing (pg 10-22)

    Using books from the coach’s book bags, students read in pairs (15 min)…

    • Pretend-Read

      • Picture walk, coach prompts reader to predict story from pictures, 2 minutes

    • Read Aloud

      • Coach reads a sentence, reader reads the same sentence, Pairs complete this routine 2X, 12 minutes

      • If Pair is done before 12 minutes has passed, switch roles and reader reads each sentence first (can be a book from reader’s book bag)

    • Retell

      • Coach prompts “What did you learn first?”, “What did you learn next?”, etc, 1 minute

        Each Reading o f the story is worth 5 points!

    Correction proceedures
    Correction Proceedures

    • TELL

      • Coach tells reader correct response

      • “That letter’s sound is /sss/.”

    • ASK

      • Coach asks reader to repeat correct response

      • “What sound?”


      • Coach asks reader to repeat the row again (correctly)

      • “Start again.”

    Starting points
    Starting Points

    • KPALS – All students start at same place

    • PALS – Two entry points

      • Game Sheet 4

      • Game Sheet 15

      • Based on Sounds and Words placement test (in Teacher’s Materials)

    Start by teaching routines
    Start by teaching Routines

    • Student Training Lessons

      • KPALS starts on page 25

        • Focused on roles of coach and reader, earning and marking points, KPALS rules, and partner behavior

      • PALS Starts on page 31

        • First Lessons focused on roles of coach and reader, earning and marking points, KPALS rules, and partner behavior

        • Next lessons focused on Story Sharing Routine and Sounds and Words Activity

    How will i know if pals is working
    How will I know if PALS is working?

    • Through careful analysis of …

      • My progress monitoring data

      • Student reading in guided reading and conferences

      • Student writing samples

      • Observation of partnerships