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Next Generation Science Standards. Paula Messina San Jose State University Science Education Program & Geology Department Achieve, Inc; Washington D.C. Writing Team Member, Earth & Space Sciences 2011-2013 Metadata Developer, 2013 - Curriculum Framework Writer, 2013 -

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Next Generation Science Standards

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Next Generation Science Standards

Paula Messina

San Jose State UniversityScience Education Program & Geology Department

Achieve, Inc; Washington D.C.

Writing Team Member, Earth & Space Sciences 2011-2013

Metadata Developer, 2013 -

Curriculum Framework Writer, 2013 -

BAESI, Workshop April 12, 2014


Next Generation Science Standards

  • Rationale

  • Development Process

  • The NGSS Architecture

  • Adoption

  • Implementation: next steps

    • Professional Development

    • Curriculum Development

    • Assessment

    • Teacher credentialing?

    • Higher education reform?

*Unpacking the

Standards

*Curricular

adaptation


NGSS Rationale


Q: NGSS Rationale


1893 US High School Curriculum

  • Physics requires quantitative skills—but--Chemistry requires Physics!

  • Physics preceded Chemistry in the Final Report

  • Biology was descriptive until the early 20th century

  • B-C-P sequence was set in 1920s

  • Geology wasn’t a formally-accepted science discipline


2013 Science=More than PCBs

  • NRC Standards (1990s) included Earth Science in all grades, K-12

  • But. . . Nationally, only 20.7% of high school students take an E.S. course, down from 24.4% in 1996 (NCES)

  • Eighth grade, in New York

    • Sixth grade, in California


2013 Science Disciplines

1893 Scope & Sequence:

  • Biology, Chemistry Physics

    2013 Scope (Sequence, TBD)

  • Earth & Space Science, Life Science, Physical Science


Where are Earth Science Students? (1 of 2)

Where is E.S. Taught in U.S?

  • In Middle Schools!

    A “fourth-dimensional” intellectual capacity is a fairly sophisticated hallmark of a formal operational stage of cognitive development. This level of abstract thought may first evolve in adolescents, but some individuals never achieve this level, even well into adulthood.--Piaget and Inhelder, 1958


Magma

Middle School?


Earth/Space Science Teachers in US

Source: SERC


Secondary Science Credentials

  • Most Physics, Chemistry, Biology BS/BA programs require no Geology, (but do require the other disciplines).

  • Most Geology BA/BS degrees require Physics, Chemistry, and (in some cases) Biology


STEM Ed in the United States


Rationale Development


NGSS Development


NGSS Development (1 of 5)

1990s-2009

1990s

2/11 – 4/9/13

2010


NGSS Development (2 of 5)

Lead state partners


NGSS Development (3 of 5)

Writing Team Representatives


NGSS Development (4 of 5)

2

6

5

7

6

7

8

Writing Team (N= 41)


NGSS Development (5 of 5)


NGSS Architecture


NGSS Architecture (to be continued)

  • The NGSS are written as Performance Expectations

  • NGSS will require contextual application of the three dimensions by students.


NGSS Adoption


NGSS Adoption (Dec., 2013)


NGSS Adoption (April 2014)

+ D.C.


Next Steps: Implementation, Professional Development


Current and Upcoming Achieve Projects

  • SciMath – Spring 2014

  • High School Evidence Statements – Spring 2014

  • Accelerated Model Course Maps – Spring 2014

  • Science EQuIP – Spring 2014

  • State of Science Education Research – Spring 2014

  • Standards Comparison Document – Spring 2014

  • Alignment Institutes – Summer 2014

  • Publishers Criteria – Fall 2014

  • STEM Works – Fall 2014

  • NGSS Network – Ongoing


  • Next Steps

  • Professional Development

  • Curriculum Development

  • Assessment

  • Teacher credentialing?

  • Higher education reform?


  • Next Steps

  • Professional Development

  • Curriculum Development

  • Assessment

  • Teacher credentialing?

  • Higher education reform?


  • Next Steps

Number of Years of High School Science Required:

1987199620062008

Local Decision 6 7 6 6

1 – 2 Years40331613

3 Years 3 82727

4 Years 0 2 1 4

Local decision means that graduation requirements are set by local districts and may vary within a state. In 2008, all states with statewide requirements required ≥2 years of mathematics courses; only one state (Illinois) required 1 year of science.

NOTES: Data include Washington, DC. Column totals do not add to 51 because certain states did not participate in Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) survey that year or used a different credit reporting system. (1987 – leaves off Vermont and Arkansas, which both required 5 total math or science years; 1996 – still leaves off Vermont for the same reason; includes DC)

SOURCES: CCSSO, Key State Education Policies on PK-12 Education: 2008 (2009); Snyder TD, Digest of Education Statistics 1988, NCES 88-600 (1988); and Snyder TD, Digest of Education Statistics 1998, NCES 1999-036 (1999).


  • Next Steps

  • Professional Development

  • Curriculum Development*

  • Assessment

  • Teacher credentialing?

  • Higher education reform?

By DCI

*see Appendix K


  • Next Steps

  • Professional Development

  • Curriculum Development*

  • Assessment

  • Teacher credentialing?

  • Higher education reform?

By Cross Cutting Concepts

*see Appendix K


  • Next Steps

  • Professional Development

  • Curriculum Development*

  • Assessment

  • Teacher credentialing?

  • Higher education reform?

By Practices

*see Appendix K


How would you construct a 6-12 curriculum around the NGSS, given the amount and complexity of the Earth and Space Science?

Course Map #1: Conceptual Understanding Model


How would you construct a 6-12 curriculum around the NGSS, given the amount and complexity of the Earth and Space Science?

Course Map #1: Conceptual Understanding Model:

Courses constructed based on the most efficient and logical progression of concepts


How would you construct a 6-12 curriculum around the NGSS, given the amount and complexity of the Earth and Space Science?

Course Map #2: Science Domains Model:

The 3 courses are Physical Science, Life Science, and Earth and Space Science

(for both middle and high school)


How would you construct a 6-12 curriculum around the NGSS, given the amount and complexity of the Earth and Space Science?

Course Map #3: Modified Science Domains Model (for high school):

Incorporate the Earth and Space Science into existing biology, chemistry, and physics courses.

 Least efficient in terms of instruction time; concepts taught out of order (without adequate prerequisites)


  • Next Steps

  • Professional Development

  • Curriculum Development

  • Assessment

  • Teacher credentialing?

  • Higher education reform?


  • Next Steps

  • Professional Development

  • Curriculum Development

  • Assessment

    • Pre-publication

    • http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=18409

  • Teacher credentialing?

  • Higher education reform?


  • Next Steps

  • Professional Development

  • Curriculum Development

  • Assessment

    • Pre-publication

    • http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=18409

  • Teacher credentialing?

  • Higher education reform?

?


Get the Apps!


Get the Books!

  • National Academies Press

    • Discounts for BAESI participants


www.nextgenscience.org


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