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An Uncertain Peace. U14: Anxiety & Interwar Years AP European History Ms. Tully - UHS. A. WWI Aftermath. GR - hated ToV FR – isolated and fearful US – isolationist RS – hostile, communist 1920s = recovery and democracy 1930s – depression and fascism Burial of an Unknown Soldier

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an uncertain peace

An Uncertain Peace

U14: Anxiety & Interwar Years

AP European History

Ms. Tully - UHS

a wwi aftermath
A. WWI Aftermath
  • GR - hated ToV
  • FR – isolated and fearful
  • US – isolationist
  • RS – hostile, communist
  • 1920s = recovery and democracy
  • 1930s – depression and fascism
  • Burial of an Unknown Soldier
  • “Lost Generation”
b germany and the western powers 1919 1924
B. Germany and the Western Powers, 1919-1924
  • League of Nations undermined
  • GR hated treaty
  • FR – implement treaty, reparations
  • BR – softer position on GR; need for markets
  • John Maynard Keynes – British economist
slide4

6. France & the “Little Entente”

7. Allied Reparations Committee – 132 billion marks ($33 billion), annual installments of 2.5 billion

8. The “Ruhr Crisis” (Jan. 1923)

9. GR Hyperinflation & passive resistance

10. Social tensions in GR

11. Compromise

c the hopeful years 1924 1929
C. The Hopeful Years(1924-1929)
  • Gustav Streseman – stabilized GR
  • Dawes Plan (1924)
  • Treaty of Locarno (1925)
  • Kellogg-Briad Pact (1928)
d the great depression
D. The Great Depression
  • Two major factors: downturn in domestic economies & collapse of US stock market
  • Surplus of wheat – sharp decline in price
  • Protectionism & Trade Barriers
  • Prosperity of 1920s dependent on US bank loans
  • Vienna bank Credit-Anstalt collapsed May 1931
  • Cutting back on production = largescale unemployment
  • Govt’s unable to deal with crises – classical liberalism didn’t work
  • Renewed interest in Marxism
  • New authoritarian movement = fascism
e great britain
E. Great Britain
  • Lost markets for industrial production during WWI
  • Rise in unemployment – 2 million by 1921
  • Conservative gov’t under Stanley Baldwin led recovery of 1920s
  • General Strike of 1926
  • National Gov’t brought Britain out of GD
f france
F. France
  • Strongest country on continent after WWI
  • National Bloc gov’t – Raymond Poincare
  • Cartel of the Left gov’t – antimilitarism, anticlericalism, education
  • Poincare is back! Brought stability 1926-1929
  • Great Depression, Gov’t turmoil, rising Fascism
  • Popular Front of 1936 – French New Deal
  • French gov’t weak and vulnerable in 1938
g the scandinavian states
G. The Scandinavian States
  • Successful recovery from GD
  • Social Democratic gov’t – rural and industrial cooperatives
  • Expanded social services
  • High taxes & large bureaucracies
h the colonial empires
H. The Colonial Empires
  • FR & BR acquired GR colonies
  • WWI led to movements for change in colonies
  • Saudi Arabia, Iraq gained independence
  • Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948) & civil disobedience in India
  • 1935 – India granted internal self-gov’t
slide11

6. Africans attracted to nationalism

7. 1930s – African leaders calling for independence

8. Most colonies would not gain independence until after WWII

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