An uncertain peace
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An Uncertain Peace. U14: Anxiety & Interwar Years AP European History Ms. Tully - UHS. A. WWI Aftermath. GR - hated ToV FR – isolated and fearful US – isolationist RS – hostile, communist 1920s = recovery and democracy 1930s – depression and fascism Burial of an Unknown Soldier

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An Uncertain Peace

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An uncertain peace

An Uncertain Peace

U14: Anxiety & Interwar Years

AP European History

Ms. Tully - UHS


A wwi aftermath

A. WWI Aftermath

  • GR - hated ToV

  • FR – isolated and fearful

  • US – isolationist

  • RS – hostile, communist

  • 1920s = recovery and democracy

  • 1930s – depression and fascism

  • Burial of an Unknown Soldier

  • “Lost Generation”


B germany and the western powers 1919 1924

B. Germany and the Western Powers, 1919-1924

  • League of Nations undermined

  • GR hated treaty

  • FR – implement treaty, reparations

  • BR – softer position on GR; need for markets

  • John Maynard Keynes – British economist


An uncertain peace

6. France & the “Little Entente”

7. Allied Reparations Committee – 132 billion marks ($33 billion), annual installments of 2.5 billion

8. The “Ruhr Crisis” (Jan. 1923)

9. GR Hyperinflation & passive resistance

10. Social tensions in GR

11. Compromise


C the hopeful years 1924 1929

C. The Hopeful Years(1924-1929)

  • Gustav Streseman – stabilized GR

  • Dawes Plan (1924)

  • Treaty of Locarno (1925)

  • Kellogg-Briad Pact (1928)


D the great depression

D. The Great Depression

  • Two major factors: downturn in domestic economies & collapse of US stock market

  • Surplus of wheat – sharp decline in price

  • Protectionism & Trade Barriers

  • Prosperity of 1920s dependent on US bank loans

  • Vienna bank Credit-Anstalt collapsed May 1931

  • Cutting back on production = largescale unemployment

  • Govt’s unable to deal with crises – classical liberalism didn’t work

  • Renewed interest in Marxism

  • New authoritarian movement = fascism


E great britain

E. Great Britain

  • Lost markets for industrial production during WWI

  • Rise in unemployment – 2 million by 1921

  • Conservative gov’t under Stanley Baldwin led recovery of 1920s

  • General Strike of 1926

  • National Gov’t brought Britain out of GD


F france

F. France

  • Strongest country on continent after WWI

  • National Bloc gov’t – Raymond Poincare

  • Cartel of the Left gov’t – antimilitarism, anticlericalism, education

  • Poincare is back! Brought stability 1926-1929

  • Great Depression, Gov’t turmoil, rising Fascism

  • Popular Front of 1936 – French New Deal

  • French gov’t weak and vulnerable in 1938


G the scandinavian states

G. The Scandinavian States

  • Successful recovery from GD

  • Social Democratic gov’t – rural and industrial cooperatives

  • Expanded social services

  • High taxes & large bureaucracies


H the colonial empires

H. The Colonial Empires

  • FR & BR acquired GR colonies

  • WWI led to movements for change in colonies

  • Saudi Arabia, Iraq gained independence

  • Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948) & civil disobedience in India

  • 1935 – India granted internal self-gov’t


An uncertain peace

6. Africans attracted to nationalism

7. 1930s – African leaders calling for independence

8. Most colonies would not gain independence until after WWII


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