History of education after the civil war
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History of Education: After the Civil War. Chapter 5A - Foundations. Freedmen’s Bureau. Offered food, medicine, and seed Secured legal rights Created educational opportunities With hundreds of Northern teachers going south to help the freed slaves. 1867.

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History of Education: After the Civil War

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History of education after the civil war

History of Education: After the Civil War

Chapter 5A - Foundations


Freedmen s bureau

Freedmen’s Bureau

  • Offered food, medicine, and seed

  • Secured legal rights

  • Created educational opportunities

    • With hundreds of Northern teachers going south to help the freed slaves


History of education after the civil war

1867

  • Congress created aDepartment of Education

  • Henry Barnard was appointed the director

    • Collected statistics and facts on education

      • To promote universal education


Early 20 th century

Early 20th Century

  • Public school facilities and instruction were criticized

  • Beginning of scientific research in teaching and learning

  • An increase in the testing for abilities

  • Magazines, newspapers, and radio shaped public opinion

    • Public was able to get news more quickly and in larger amounts


1950 s 1960 s

1950’s & 1960’s

1950’s

- Racial segregation in schools was made unconstitutional

1960’s

- federal government influenced education with money, legislation, and ideology

- aid given to schools serving children of low income families


1960 s continued

1960’s (continued)

  • - legislation guaranteeing racial and gender equity

  • - new entitlement for students with disabilities

  • - began bilingual and bi-cultural programs

  • - began career education programs


History of education after the civil war

1965

  • Elementary & Secondary Education Act (ESEA)

    • Made the federal government the policy maker for schools

    • Allocated money for poverty programs, textbooks, school libraries, teaching aids, remedial instruction, counseling, and health services


1980 s

1980’s

  • Returned power and financial responsibility for education programs to states and localities

  • Decrease in federal money; but an increase in educational reform


21 st century

21st Century

  • Trying to improve educational practice through performance standards

    • And by setting higher academic standards


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