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Hinduism. Beginnings. Evolved over centuries Polytheistic Deity - god Brahman – universal spirit. People began to ask…. Why are some people born into a life or ease while others are born into a life of poverty? What happens to people when they die?

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Presentation Transcript
beginnings
Beginnings
  • Evolved over centuries
  • Polytheistic
  • Deity - god
  • Brahman – universal spirit
people began to ask
People began to ask…
  • Why are some people born into a life or ease while others are born into a life of poverty?
  • What happens to people when they die?
  • How should we live our lives before we die?
hinduism1
Hinduism
  • Main religion of India today
  • Share certain beliefs, values, or traditions
  • Beliefs and celebrations may vary based on region
  • 837 million Hindus - worldwide
hinduism beliefs
Hinduism - Beliefs
  • Search for truth
  • Most believe gods help to achieve goals
  • Same gods as family or caste
polytheism
Polytheism
  • Belief in more than one god
  • Gods are incarnate of Brahman
  • Believe everything in the world is part of Brahman
atman
Atman
  • Soul
  • Holds person’s personality
goal of christians
Goal of Christians

To become “free” of sin and be united with God

hindu goal
Hindu Goal
  • Unite the soul with Brahman
  • Soul will eventually join Brahman because the world is viewed as an illusion (maya)
  • Must see through the illusion
  • Brahman is the only reality
3 ways to achieve goal
3 Ways to achieve goal…
  • Devotion
  • Wisdom
  • Right Actions
reincarnation
Reincarnation
  • Hard to see through illusion
  • Takes several lifetimes
  • The belief in the rebirth of the soul into another body
  • Form of body depends on ….
karma
Karma
  • The sum/effects that good and bad actions have on a person’s soul
  • Evil/bad actions = bad karma = reborn in lower caste or life form
slide13

Got up late

  • Did not make bed
  • Gripped about breakfast
  • Sassy to mom
  • Did not do history homework
  • Helped student pick up books
  • Tripped student walking by
  • Late to class
  • Offered to help pass out papers

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karma1
Karma
  • Good karma brings salvation
  • Affects present and future lives
dharma
Dharma
  • Spiritual duties/laws that each person should fulfill
  • Led to preservation of the caste system
  • It required and taught accepting one’s place in life
ahimsa
Ahimsa
  • Belief in nonviolence
  • Many did not kill living things
moksha
Moksha
  • Salvation; liberation
  • Freedom from life’s worries and cycle of rebirth
3 main gods
3 Main Gods
  • Brahma – Creator
  • Vishnu – Preserver
  • Shiva – Destroyer
brahma
Brahma
  • The Creator
  • Vehicle: swan
  • has 4 heads, 4 arms, and a reddish complexion
  • not commonly worshipped
  • not to be confused with Brahman (the ground of all being) or the Brahmin (priestly caste)
vishnu
Vishnu
  • The Preserver
  • Vehicle: garuda (bird)
  • has 4 arms, a blueish complexion, and rests on a snake
  • was incarnated (born as an animal or human) nine times with one more still to come
avatar
Avatar
  • God who descends to earth
  • Incarnation of a deity who comes to earth in human or animal form
slide22

Anti-clockwise from left top corner: Matsya, Kurma, Varaha, Narasimha, Vamana, Parshurama, Rama, Krishna, Buddha, Kalki surround Vishnu

shiva
Shiva
  • Shiva
  • The Destroyer / Transformer
  • Vehicle: bull
  • has matted hair, a third eye, a blue throat and a trident in his hand
saraswati
Saraswati
  • Goddess of knowledge, music, and the arts
  • Vehicle: swan
  • wife of Brahma
  • sits on a white lotus playing a veena
parvati
Parvati
  • The Divine Mother
  • Vehicle: lion
  • the reincarnation of Shiva\'s first wife
  • has many forms, such as the popular Durga and Kali; often shown together with Saraswati and Lakshmi as the tridevi (\'triple goddess\')
ganesh
Ganesh
  • God of the intellect and the remover of obstacles
  • Vehicle: mouse
  • son of Shiva & Parvati
  • has an elephant\'s head
murugan
Murugan
  • God of war
  • Vehicle: peacock
  • son of Shiva & Parvati
  • also known as Skanda
durga
Durga
  • A fiercer form of Parvati
  • Vehicle: tiger
  • has ten arms holding many weapons
slide29
Kali
  • Goddess of time and death
  • Vehicle: donkey
  • usually portrayed as dark and violent
slide30
Rama
  • Rama
  • The 7th avatar (incarnation) of Vishnu
  • the central figure in the epic story Ramayana
krishna
Krishna
  • Krishna
  • The 8th avatar (incarnation) of Vishnu
  • usually portrayed as a child and a prankster; often shown playing the flute
hanuman
Hanuman
  • an ape-like god known for assisting Rama
  • Worshipped as a symbol of physical strength, perseverance and devotion
surya
Surya
  • God of the Sun
  • pulled on a chariot by horses
diw v ali
Diw(v)ali
  • Oct. / Nov. – lunar calendar
  • Festival of lights – light the path for Lakshmi
  • 4th day – visit friends/family; exchange gifts
not all followed hinduism
Not all followed Hinduism…

Many looked to new religious ideas!

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