Hinduism
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Hinduism. Beginnings. Evolved over centuries Polytheistic Deity - god Brahman – universal spirit. People began to ask…. Why are some people born into a life or ease while others are born into a life of poverty? What happens to people when they die?

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Hinduism

Hinduism


Beginnings

Beginnings

  • Evolved over centuries

  • Polytheistic

  • Deity - god

  • Brahman – universal spirit


People began to ask

People began to ask…

  • Why are some people born into a life or ease while others are born into a life of poverty?

  • What happens to people when they die?

  • How should we live our lives before we die?


Hinduism1

Hinduism

  • Main religion of India today

  • Share certain beliefs, values, or traditions

  • Beliefs and celebrations may vary based on region

  • 837 million Hindus - worldwide


Hinduism beliefs

Hinduism - Beliefs

  • Search for truth

  • Most believe gods help to achieve goals

  • Same gods as family or caste


Polytheism

Polytheism

  • Belief in more than one god

  • Gods are incarnate of Brahman

  • Believe everything in the world is part of Brahman


Atman

Atman

  • Soul

  • Holds person’s personality


Goal of christians

Goal of Christians

To become “free” of sin and be united with God


Hindu goal

Hindu Goal

  • Unite the soul with Brahman

  • Soul will eventually join Brahman because the world is viewed as an illusion (maya)

  • Must see through the illusion

  • Brahman is the only reality


3 ways to achieve goal

3 Ways to achieve goal…

  • Devotion

  • Wisdom

  • Right Actions


Reincarnation

Reincarnation

  • Hard to see through illusion

  • Takes several lifetimes

  • The belief in the rebirth of the soul into another body

  • Form of body depends on ….


Karma

Karma

  • The sum/effects that good and bad actions have on a person’s soul

  • Evil/bad actions = bad karma = reborn in lower caste or life form


Hinduism

  • Got up late

  • Did not make bed

  • Gripped about breakfast

  • Sassy to mom

  • Did not do history homework

  • Helped student pick up books

  • Tripped student walking by

  • Late to class

  • Offered to help pass out papers

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Karma1

Karma

  • Good karma brings salvation

  • Affects present and future lives


Dharma

Dharma

  • Spiritual duties/laws that each person should fulfill

  • Led to preservation of the caste system

  • It required and taught accepting one’s place in life


Ahimsa

Ahimsa

  • Belief in nonviolence

  • Many did not kill living things


Moksha

Moksha

  • Salvation; liberation

  • Freedom from life’s worries and cycle of rebirth


3 main gods

3 Main Gods

  • Brahma – Creator

  • Vishnu – Preserver

  • Shiva – Destroyer


Brahma

Brahma

  • The Creator

  • Vehicle: swan

  • has 4 heads, 4 arms, and a reddish complexion

  • not commonly worshipped

  • not to be confused with Brahman (the ground of all being) or the Brahmin (priestly caste)


Vishnu

Vishnu

  • The Preserver

  • Vehicle: garuda (bird)

  • has 4 arms, a blueish complexion, and rests on a snake

  • was incarnated (born as an animal or human) nine times with one more still to come


Avatar

Avatar

  • God who descends to earth

  • Incarnation of a deity who comes to earth in human or animal form


Hinduism

Anti-clockwise from left top corner: Matsya, Kurma, Varaha, Narasimha, Vamana, Parshurama, Rama, Krishna, Buddha, Kalki surround Vishnu


Shiva

Shiva

  • Shiva

  • The Destroyer / Transformer

  • Vehicle: bull

  • has matted hair, a third eye, a blue throat and a trident in his hand


Saraswati

Saraswati

  • Goddess of knowledge, music, and the arts

  • Vehicle: swan

  • wife of Brahma

  • sits on a white lotus playing a veena


Parvati

Parvati

  • The Divine Mother

  • Vehicle: lion

  • the reincarnation of Shiva's first wife

  • has many forms, such as the popular Durga and Kali; often shown together with Saraswati and Lakshmi as the tridevi ('triple goddess')


Ganesh

Ganesh

  • God of the intellect and the remover of obstacles

  • Vehicle: mouse

  • son of Shiva & Parvati

  • has an elephant's head


Murugan

Murugan

  • God of war

  • Vehicle: peacock

  • son of Shiva & Parvati

  • also known as Skanda


Durga

Durga

  • A fiercer form of Parvati

  • Vehicle: tiger

  • has ten arms holding many weapons


Hinduism

Kali

  • Goddess of time and death

  • Vehicle: donkey

  • usually portrayed as dark and violent


Hinduism

Rama

  • Rama

  • The 7th avatar (incarnation) of Vishnu

  • the central figure in the epic story Ramayana


Krishna

Krishna

  • Krishna

  • The 8th avatar (incarnation) of Vishnu

  • usually portrayed as a child and a prankster; often shown playing the flute


Hanuman

Hanuman

  • an ape-like god known for assisting Rama

  • Worshipped as a symbol of physical strength, perseverance and devotion


Surya

Surya

  • God of the Sun

  • pulled on a chariot by horses


Diw v ali

Diw(v)ali

  • Oct. / Nov. – lunar calendar

  • Festival of lights – light the path for Lakshmi

  • 4th day – visit friends/family; exchange gifts


Not all followed hinduism

Not all followed Hinduism…

Many looked to new religious ideas!


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