Anti-malarial Plants Products of Mali:

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Plan of presentation. IntroductionTraditional treatment Medicinal plants used for MalariaReseach,objectives,strategies,resultsEconomic importance of medicinal plantsConclusion. Introduction. In Africa 80% of the population uses Traditional Medicine for sociocultural
Anti-malarial Plants Products of Mali:

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1. Anti-malarial Plants Products of Mali: Chiaka Diakit? Department of Traditional Medicine (DMT) Bamako Nairobi, 20-22 March 2006

2. Plan of presentation Introduction Traditional treatment Medicinal plants used for Malaria Reseach,objectives,strategies,results Economic importance of medicinal plants Conclusion

3. Introduction In Africa 80% of the population uses Traditional Medicine for sociocultural & economic reasons In Mali, poverty exacerbates the difficulties of access to primary health care The majority of the population resorts to Traditional Medicine for treatment of malaria

4. Introduction Malaria is a public health problem 300 ? 500 million clinical cases annually worldwide 1.1-2.7 million deaths each year 28% absenteeism from school 3.5 days of temporary disability per person per year > 2 million USD in direct & indirect costs for malaria in Africa

5. Introduction In Mali: 1993 ? National program to fight against malaria 42% of deaths amongst infants & juveniles Leading cause of mortality (13%) Leading cause of morbidity (15.6%)

6. Introduction For the treatment of malaria poeple self medicate - With modern medicines - With traditonal medicines - A combination of both medicines Treatment at the health center Treatment at the traditional healer clinic

7. Traditional Treatment of Malaria In Traditional Medicine the treatment of malaria is based on the use of prescriptions of plant-based medicines with some animal products Preparation is by steeping or infusing decoctions of plants & parts of plants in water The prescription is administered as a drink, as a bath, as a steam bath or as a fumigation

8. Some medicinal plants used for malaria in Mali Scientific Names Bamana Names Glinus oppositifolius L. Balassa Vernonia colorata Will. K? safun? Cassia sieberiana D. C. Sindjan Cochlospermum tinctorium A. N?tiribara Anogeissus leiocarpus D. C. N?galama Combretum glutinosum Perrex Tchangara bl? Guiera senegalensis J. F. N?kundj?

9. Some medicinal plants used for malaria in Mali Scientific Names Bamana Names Alchornea cordifolia Schumach Dunf?k? Chrosophora senegalensis Lam. Dabada Psorospermum guineense Hochr. Karidjakouma Khaya senegalensis Desr. Djala Trichilia roka Forst. Soulafinzan Acacia senegal L. Willd Donkari Entada africana Guill. Perr. Saman?r? Parkia biglobosa Jacq. N?r?

10. Some medicinal plants used for malaria in Mali Scientific Names Bamana Names Ficus thonnigii Blume Doubal? Oxytenanthera abyssinica Munro B? Gardenia ternifolia Schum. Bour? tch? Mitragyna inermis Willd. Jun Nauclea latifolia Sm. Baro Fagara zanthoxylo?des Lam. W? Lippia chevalieri Moldenke N?ganiba

11. Research by DMT Research into anti-malarial activities of plants The fight against carriers (vectors) The implications for workers in Traditional Medicine in the fight against malaria

12. Research Objectives To place at the disposal of the population effective anti-malarial medicines at reduced cost which are based on local products To arrange effective anti-larval medicines that cause little harm to the environment

13. Research Strategies Collaboration with traditional therapists Collection of ethnobotanical information of medicinal plants Compilation of medicinal plant bibliographies Laboratory testing & clinical studies

14. Research Results ?? Malarial ?? is a mixture of 3 plants wich is used against Malaria of Plasmodium falciparum - Cassia occidentalis - Lippia chevalieri - Spilanthes oleracea ??Argemone.Mexicana ??is a single plant used against Malaria

16. Production of Malarial Table of malarial production at the DMT Period Quantity 2000 - 2001 - 2002 7.913 2003 6.645 2004 4.386 2005 4.715

18. Traditional healer and malaria treatment Bandiagara?s Experience 45 healers was formed to the signs and symptoms of uncomplicated and complicated Malaria In ten months 3797 patients were diagnosed 114 were refered to the health center 34 died

19. Urban Use of Medicinal Plants Today, despite urbanisation, the population continues to treat itself with medicinal plants However personal use is based upon market supply & demand: Little or no respect for the plants Excessive exploitation Over harvesting Wastage & conservation problems

20. The Market for Medicinal Plants Across Malian towns one encounters many sales points for medicinal plants: In the markets Along the main roads Travelling salespersons More & more the sale of medicinal plants is improving & better organised

21. The Market for Medicinal Plants Today medicinal plants are sold by: 1) Herbalists Improved traditional herbalists in the markets of Medine & Hamdallaye Authorised herbalists 2) Pharmacies

25. Market of medicinal plants in Bamako

26. Plant-based Medicines Medicinal plants are used by: The population for self-medication Traditional health practitioners in the treatment of their patients DMT for the production of enhanced Traditional Medicines Exporters for supply of international markets of herbal medicines

27. Economic Importance of Medicinal Plants A study conducted in Burkina Faso estimated the annual consumption per person per annum is about 500g at an approximate cost of 2,200F CFA (Banque mondiale ? PROMETRA ? Burkina Faso, 2003) This correlates with a city like Bamako, with an annual consumption of about 600 tonnes of medicinal plants at a value of 2,640, 000,000F CFA The world market for traditional plant-based medicines is estimated at 60 million USD (Strategie de l?OMS pour La Medicine Traditionelle 2002-2005)

28. Industrial Production of Plant-based Medicines In Mali, the population makes up the principal source of medicinal plants Today, large scale production of plant-based medicines is a compelling obligation to enable fulfilment of the health care needs of the population of Mali & of elsewhere This production ultimately has the ability to lead to significant problems in relation to natural space & the depletion of plant-based medicines

30. Plant-based Medicines & Biodiversity The results of a study conducted by DMT on ?Medicinal plants sold in the Bamako markets ? conservation & biodiversity? showed that the scarcity of medicinal plants in nature & the disappearance of certain of these, are among the main causes of the lack of stock of some medicinal plants at Bamako herbalists 30% of rare plants are those frequently used against pathologies associated with ?Sumaya? & malaria

31. Conclusion For the production & commercialisation of plant-based medicines in Mali it is necessary for: Participative action involving traditional health practitioners, herbalists, researchers, non-government organisations, the private sector & decision-makers Appropriate organisation & regulation The consideration of self & other interests The capture of ideas & experiences of traditional medicine practitioners

32. Conclusion The strengthening of experiences such as ?The International Week of Traditional African Medicine? (SIMTA) organised by the Malian Federation of traditional therapists & herbalists (FEMBATH) to promote expansion, production & marketing of plant-based medicines in Mali and in Africa

33. Thank you

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