Chapter 16 population and urbanization
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Chapter 16: Population and Urbanization. Haley Hurlbert Kristen Werlhof Lindsay Mortenson Tori Salvatore Ileana Garcia. Section 1: The Dynamics of Demography Section 2: World Population Section 3: The Urban Transition Section 4: Urban Ecology. Cover Slide Continued.

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Chapter 16: Population and Urbanization

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Chapter 16 population and urbanization

Chapter 16: Population and Urbanization

Haley Hurlbert

Kristen Werlhof

Lindsay Mortenson

Tori Salvatore

Ileana Garcia

Section 1: The Dynamics of Demography

Section 2: World Population

Section 3: The Urban Transition

Section 4: Urban Ecology


Cover slide continued

Cover Slide Continued

  • Fertility, Mortality, and Migration are all used to consider he demographics of a population.

  • The world’s population is increasing, whereas the rate at which it is growing is decreasing.

  • Urbanization happens differently and at different speeds everywhere.

  • The four major theories of city growth: concentric zone theory, sector theory, multiple nuclei theory, and peripheral theory


Population and demography

Population and Demography

  • Population: a group of people living in a particular place at a specified time or a group of people with specified characteristics

  • Demography: the scientific study of population


Chapter 16 population and urbanization

  • Fertility: a measure of the number of children born to a woman or a population of women

  • Crude birthrate: the annual number of live births per one thousand members of a population

  • Fertility rate: the annual number of live births per one thousand women aged fifteen to forty-four


Producing children fertility cont

Producing Children & Fertility Cont.

  • Fecundity: the maximum rate at which women can physically produce children

  • Total fertility rate: average number of children born to a women during her lifetime


Chapter 16 population and urbanization

  • Life expectancy: the average number of years that persons in a given population born at a particular time can expect to live

  • Life Span: the most advanced age to which humans can survive


Death

Death

  • Mortality:deaths within a population

  • Crude death rate: the annual number of deaths per one thousand members of the population

  • Infant mortality rate: the annual number of deaths among infants under one year of age per one thousand live births


Migration

Migration!

  • Migration: the movement of people from one geographic area to another

  • Gross migration rate: the number of persons per year per one thousand members of the population who enter or leave a geographic area

  • Net migration rate: the annual increase or decrease per one thousand members of a population resulting from migration into and out of the population


Thomas malthus

Thomas Malthus

Thomas Malthus was an English minister who wrote about the struggles trying to make food supply keep up with the population growth. He was one of the first to notice that the changes in population can drastically affect many diverse things. He described an intricate relationship between population growth and economic development.


Chapter 16 population and urbanization

Video Clips!

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q6Po2gLBLeM – Thomas Malthus

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pfGLJwiYTE8 - Population Pyramid


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