Keystone method
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Keystone Method. by Prof. Vali Siadat Prof. Deloris Holman Prof. Cyrill Oseledets Prof. Euguenia Peterson Prof. Sonia Ramirez. A Synergistic Model for Teaching and Learning. Have you ever noticed how training in calculation helps make a slow mind quicker ? Plato, The Republic.

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Keystone Method

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Keystone method

Keystone Method

by

Prof. Vali Siadat

Prof. Deloris Holman

Prof. Cyrill Oseledets

Prof. Euguenia Peterson

Prof. Sonia Ramirez

A Synergistic Model for Teaching and Learning

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

Have you ever noticed how training

in calculation helps make

a slow mind quicker?Plato, The Republic

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

Remedial Mathematics Education

is a major problem at

U.S. colleges and universities.

The Keystone Method was designed to address the needs of these students.

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method hypothesis

Keystone Method Hypothesis:

  • Unsuccessful students do not lack the intelligence or the desire to succeed.

  • Rather, they are held back by behavior patterns, which inhibit learning.

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

Specifically, the Keystone Method recognizes:

  • Students’ short attention spans;

  • Inadequate attention to assigned homework;

  • Short time horizons;

  • Failure to learn from errors;

  • Passivity in class, hoping to pass unnoticed;

  • Poor attendance patterns;

  • Low self-esteem;

  • Ignoring teachers’ statements.

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

  • To address students’ short attention spans:

  • At each class meeting, the instructor gives a time-pressured quiz that requires the students’ full concentration.

  • At the beginning of each term, the quizzes are short, no more than 10 minutes.

  • Quizzes are gradually lengthened as students’ attention spans increase.

  • The quizzes are all cumulative.

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

2) To address students’ inadequate attention to assigned homework:

  • The daily quizzes are a reflection of assigned homework.

  • Students who regularly complete homework assignments should receive good grades on the quizzes.

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

3) To address students’ short time horizons:

  • Students are examined every class period.

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

Research has shown that frequent testing has important educational benefits for the learner:

  • It encourages regular study habits and discourages cramming.

  • It mitigates test anxiety.

  • Students favor frequent testing over longer tests that carry exorbitant weight.

  • It motivates students to constantly review the earlier topics and concepts and helps with consolidation of their learning.

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

4) To address students’ failure to learn from their mistakes:

  • Students are provided with immediate feedback.

  • Similar questions are repeated in subsequent quizzes until students achieve mastery in the topic.

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

5) To address students’ passivity:

  • Students engage in peer tutoring and cooperative grouplearning.

  • Group learning techniques are employed when the standard deviation of test scores exceed 25%.

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

6) To address students’ poor attendance:

  • The instructor issues administrative drops for more than three absences, to be reversed only upon the student meeting certain conditions.

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

7) To address students’ low self-esteem, the instructor gives the students:

  • Well-defined tasks,

  • The tools to carry out those tasks,

  • Prompt feedback for their attempts,

  • Repeated success when they achieve mastery.

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

8) To address students’ ignoring teachers’ statements:

  • The professor gives the students repeated evidence that his/her instructions produces success.

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

Results of the Keystone Study

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

Students in Keystone classes improve in their ability to focus their attention on a task, even if that task is not a mathematical one.

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

Results of the Keystone Study

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

Results of the Keystone Study

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

Results of the Keystone Study

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

Results of the Keystone Study

Keystone Group-Daley College


Results of the keystone study

Results of the Keystone Study

  • 23% of students entering Control classes went on to take and pass a college credit math class in a future term.

41% of students entering Keystone classes went on to take and pass a college credit math class in a future term.

79% of students entering Keystone classes went on to take and pass a take any class in the subsequent term.

63% of students entering Control classes went on to take and pass a take any class in the subsequent term.

Keystone Group-Daley College


Math 110 student performance on external summative assessment instrument compass test 2003 2005

Math-110 Student Performance on External Summative Assessment Instrument (COMPASS Test)2003-2005

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

Math-110 Student Performance on Internal Summative Examinations(Departmental: midterm and final) Measured by Mean2003-2005

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

Math-110 Student Performance on Internal Summative Examinations(Departmental: midterm and final) 2003-2005Measured by Passing Rate (70% or higher)

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

Math-110 Student Performance on Internal Summative Examinations(Departmental: midterm and final) Measured by Retention Rate2003-2005

Keystone Group-Daley College


Correlation between internal and external summative exams 2003 2005

Correlation Between Internal and External Summative Exams2003-2005

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

Math-112 Student Performance on Departmental Final Exam

Measured by Mean

2003-2005

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

Math-112 Student Performance

Measured by Passing and Retention Rate

2003-2005

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

Math-112 Student Performance

Measured by Success Rate

2003-2005

Keystone Group-Daley College


Conclusion

Conclusion:

  • The formative assessment in the form of frequent cumulative multiple-choice quizzes with immediate, constructive feedback reveals the levels of conceptual understanding in a timely manner and improves student academic performance on the summative assessment instruments.

  • Increased frequency of formative assessment provides better results on the summative assessment.

  • The results achieved on valid and reliable internal (departmentally designed) summative assessments are an accurate predictor of the scores on external examination (COMPASS Test).

Keystone Group-Daley College


Keystone method

Conclusion:

The Keystone Method is the essential piece in an arch: the stone that holds all others in place.

Keystone Group-Daley College


Recommendation

Recommendation:

  • The Keystone method should continue to be studied, along with other effective methods, to foster student learning in all developmental mathematics classes.

Keystone Group-Daley College


What is next

What is next?

  • Powerful computer technologies will simplify the practical use of Keystone and provide:

  • Computerized grading of assignments;

  • Automatic item analysis;

  • Real-time grading and feedback;

  • Automatic assessment of learning outcomes.

Keystone Group-Daley College


What we hope for

What we hope for?

  • Synergetic combination of the Keystone Method with powerful software technology will further improve students performance.

  • Computerized Keystone Method will create a possibility for an effective coordination of multiple section classes.

  • Simplicity and power of this approach will result in wide use of the Keystone Method.

Keystone Group-Daley College


The end

The End

Keystone Group-Daley College


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