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Software Process Improvement Using Capability Maturity Model. By Ritesh Reddy Nagaram. Introduction:. Organizations which are developing software processes are facing many problems regarding the need for change of already existing structure.

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  • Organizations which are developing software processes are facing many problems regarding the need for change of already existing structure.
  • There are many issues that have are being raised to develop a process. To overcome the issues many models have been published.
  • One of the best and most popular model in use is Capability Maturity Model [1,2].
software process improvement
Software Process Improvement:
  • A software process is a collection of artifacts, attributes, activities, methods and procedures.
  • We use software process to build up a new software or maintain a already existing one.
  • In the way of developing or maintaining a software, introducing new methods for further refinement of product quality is called Software Process Improvement.
software process
Software Process:

A Process is defined in 3 steps:

1)Policy: It represents general statements or guidelines of an organization.

2)Process: It describes about “what to do” in the process. It has a overview of key areas like key activities, planning, staffing, scheduling, risk management etc.

3)Procedure: It describes about “how to do” in the process. It identifies tools, methods and techniques to be used in the process [3].

capability maturity model cmm
Capability Maturity Model (CMM):
  • CMM is a model used to improve the software process of an organization.
  • It was first described by Watts Humphery.
  • Later it was developed by Software engineering Institute at Carneige Mellon university.
  • It is the most popular and efficient model used for software process improvement [2].
stages of cmm 4
Stages of CMM [4]:

Fig 1 Phases of Capability Maturity Model (CMM)

  • It is the starting phase of the process.
  • It is the stage where the process is ready to be nurtured.
  • Documentation not yet prepared.
  • Initial knowledge about requirements, cost, schedule will be discussed [4].
  • For consistent results some of the processes in the project are repeatable.
  • Key Process Areas are

1)Requirement Management.

2)Software Project Planning.

3)Software Quality Assurance.

4)Software Configuration Management.

5)Software Project Tracking and Oversight.

6)Software Subcontract Management [4].

  • Its prime focus is on tailored engineering and process management.
  • Defined processes are subject to change as the time progress.
  • Key Process areas are:

1)Organization process Focus.

2)Integrated Software Management.

3)Software Product Engineering.

4)Training program.


5)Organization Process Definition.

6)Intergroup Coordination.

7)Peer Reviews [4].

  • The main focus of this phase is about the quality of processes and products.
  • Key Process areas are:

1)Quantitative Process Management.

2)Software Quality Management [4].

  • This is the final and important phase of the process
  • The focus in this phase is to increase the process performance continuously.
  • Key Process areas are:

1)Process Change Management.

2)Technology Change Management.

3)Defect Prevention [4].

  • CMM is the best model for process improvement.
  • Step by step procedure makes it easy to implement.
  • Covers all the important areas of the process.
  • Good Documentation.
future enhancements
Future Enhancements:
  • CMM is a very good model for big organizations, but what when coming to smaller ones.
  • Quality Assurance or Checking should be done at the end of every phase.
  • Importance to staffing should be given.
  • It cannot be assured with defined results but gives the most efficient result.

[1] Beth Layman, “Planning for Process Improvement” Implementing an Organizational Software Process Improvement programme, P.279-288.

[2] Cusick, k, “The System Engineering Capability Maturity Model: Where to start?” Aerospace and Electronics Conference, Volume 1, P. 410-416,1997.

[3] Mark C. Paulk, “An Overview of Software CMM” Using the Software CMM in Small Organizations, P.1-13, 1998.