The
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 32

Rainbow Refugee Committee www.rainbowrefugee.ca PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 102 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

The Precarity of LGBTQ Refugee Protection: Advocacy & Community work under PCISA. Rainbow Refugee Committee www.rainbowrefugee.ca. Sharalyn Jordan, PhD Assistant Professor Counselling Psychology Simon Fraser University. Precarity of Refugee Protection.

Download Presentation

Rainbow Refugee Committee www.rainbowrefugee.ca

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Rainbow refugee committee www rainbowrefugee ca

The Precarity of LGBTQ Refugee Protection:

Advocacy & Community work under PCISA

Rainbow Refugee Committee

www.rainbowrefugee.ca

Sharalyn Jordan, PhD

Assistant Professor

Counselling Psychology

Simon Fraser University


Precarity of refugee protection

Precarity of Refugee Protection

Protecting Canada’s Immigration System Act (Bill C-31)

  • Detention & Delayed Permanent Residence for “Irregular Arrivals”

  • Tight & rigid deadlines for filing application ( BOC at 15 days) and Hearing (60 days)

  • 30 day hearing and no access to appeal for “DCO” nationals

  • PRRA and H&C Ban

    RRC Briefs to Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration on C-11, C-4 and C-31; to Senate Committee on C-31 available rainbowrefugee.ca


Precarity of community supports

Precarity of Community Supports

Interim Federal Health Program cut –June 2012

BC/CIC Settlement Service Realignment Agreement Cancelled

  • announced April 1 2012

  • effective April 1 2013


Rainbow refugee committee www rainbowrefugee ca

Persistence Under Persecution

it was the vigilante groups

it was the villagers

it was the uncles

it was the entire system

it was the the guy I was working for

who would scream in front of his clients Kandu

it was everywhere

it was in the buses

it was in the taxis

it was in the bars

it was everywhere

it’s like.…its like a game you enjoy

while you are hidden,

but once you come into the picture,

once you come into the mainstream…

you’re bringing yourself attention for violence.

Jamil, 25 gay identified man

Convention Refugee

In Jordan, 2010 Un/Settling,


Rainbow refugee committee www rainbowrefugee ca

Persistence Under Persecution

Manifestations of Homophobic/Transphobic Persecution

Isolating/Hidden

  • Erasure from public

  • Stigma as evil, mentally ill, or deviant

  • Sexualized violence

    Pervasive

  • Violence/Harrassment/Surveillance

    often starting in families,

    dispersed across communities, institutions & state actors

  • Targeting by political, religious leaders & media

  • Criminalization in 80 countries, Death Penalty in 5

    (Ottoson 2008; Jordan, 2009; ILGA, 2013)


Rainbow refugee committee www rainbowrefugee ca

Persistence Under Persecution

Implications of Homophobic/Transphobic Persecution

Survival Patterns of:

  • Trying /denying available identities

  • Seeking out/avoiding similar others

  • Conforming/hiding/escaping(Jordan, 2010)

    Internalized Oppression & Complex Trauma

  • Vigilance/mistrust

  • Shame & emotion disregulation

  • interferes with help-seeking & trust in relationships

  • trauma memory interference

    (Briere, 2005; Herlihy, Brewin & Turner, 2009)


Rainbow refugee committee www rainbowrefugee ca

Accessing Refugee Protection

Intersectional im/mobilities:

  • race, documented sex, gender variance, class

  • Global south/north, Geopolitical

  • Making people Illegal (Dauvergne, 2008)

    Obscurity of LGBT Refugee Protection

  • Viability of protection for sexual orientation & gender identity?

  • Who is safe to ask?

    Precarious status/Irregular paths

  • Fuels exploitation, violence and (re)traumatization

  • Creates credibility issues in hearings


Accessing refugee protection

Accessing Refugee Protection

Implications of PCISA-Designated Foreign Nationals

Irregular Arrivals

  • Detained, in BC Jailed, with reviews at 14 days and 6 months

  • Denied Right of Appeal

  • 5 year delay for Permanent Residency


Accessing refugee protection1

Accessing Refugee Protection

Implications of PCISA –Detention

Human Rights & Safety

Legal representation & Community supports

Mental health impacts

Vulnerability & Credibility in hearings


Accessing refugee protection2

Accessing Refugee Protection

Implications of PCISA – Timelines

  • Income/Shelter precarityuntil Basis of Claim & documents submitted at eligibility interview

  • SILVERLINING moment!

    • Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity named on IRB guide and forms


Accessing refugee protection3

Accessing Refugee Protection

Implications of PCISA – Timelines

  • Time with lawyers is crunched

  • Retrieving documentation entails risk

  • Narrating trauma under pressure

    • Not disclosing or activating trauma symptoms


Rainbow refugee committee www rainbowrefugee ca

Giving an Account

  • How to prove hidden persecution?

  • Working with/against western identity categories & assumptions

  • Psychological consequences of complex trauma interfere with coherent narratives

    • SILVERLINING moment! Inclusion of LGBTI in Guildeline 8

    • BUT, refugee mental health supports in BC gutted


Rainbow refugee committee www rainbowrefugee ca

Giving an Account

  • Enhanced skills and sensitivity among WR IRB

  • Still “luck of the draw”

  • More involvement by Minister (48% in WR)


Designated country of origin list

Designated Country of Origin List

Violates equality before the law

  • Denies right of appeal

  • Expedites to an impossible timeline

    Fails to consider:

  • Flux & paradox in country conditions

  • Safety/Risk intersectionally constituted


No safety net against refoulement

No Safety Net against Refoulement

No Right of Appeal for many

  • DCO & Irregular arrivals

  • 15 days to file & perfect

    Ban on H&C for 36 months

    Removals enforceable before Judicial Review or PRRA


Rainbow refugee committee www rainbowrefugee ca

thank you

[email protected]


Rainbow refugee committee www rainbowrefugee ca

Rainbow Refugee Committeewww.rainbowrefugee.ca


Research advocacy

Research/Advocacy

Jordan, S.R. (2010). Un/Settling: ACriticalEthnographicInquiryintosettlementbyrefugeesmakingclaimsbasedonsexualorientationorgenderidentitypersecution. (Dissertation). UniversityofBritishColumbia, Vancouver, BC. https://circle.ubc.ca/handle/2429/30526.

Jordan, S.R. (2009). Un/Convention(al) Refugees: Contextualizingthe accounts of refugees facing homophobic or transphobic persecution. Refuge: Canada’speriodicalonrefugees,26(2), 165-182.

Jordan, S.R.& Morrissey, C. (2010, May). RainbowRefugeeCommitteeRespondstoBill C-11 onRefugeeReform: ImpactofproposedamendmentstotheImmigrationandRefugeeProtectionActonrefugeeclaimantswhohavesurvivedsexualorientationorgenderidentitypersecution.PolicybriefpresentedtotheStandingCommitteeonCitizenshipandImmigrationhearingsonBill C-11, May 27, 2010, Ottawa, ON.


Rainbow refugee our story

Rainbow Refugee: Our Story

19922000 2011


Homophobic transphobic persecution

Homophobic/Transphobic Persecution

  • Erasure from public

  • Dispersed Violence/Surveillance, often starting in families

  • Sexualized violence

  • Stigma as evil, mentally ill, perverse


  • Login