Sodium
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Sodium. By Rachel. WebElements Periodic Table of the Elements. Physical Properties of Sodium. Sodium is a silvery-white color. Sodium is attracted to magnetic fields. Sodium is soft enough to be cut with a knife. Sodium is a solid. Sodium conducts electricity. Sodium is metallic.

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Sodium

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Sodium

Sodium

By Rachel

WebElements Periodic Table of the Elements


Physical properties of sodium

Physical Properties of Sodium

  • Sodium is a silvery-white color.

  • Sodium is attracted to magnetic fields.

  • Sodium is soft enough to be cut with a knife.

  • Sodium is a solid.

  • Sodium conducts electricity.

  • Sodium is metallic.


Crystalline structure of sodium

Crystalline Structure of Sodium

  • Sodium has a body-centered cubic crystal structure.


Sodium facts

Sodium Facts

  • Symbol: Na

  • Atomic number: 11

  • Atomic weight: 22.99

  • Number of protons: 11

  • Electrons: 11

  • Neutrons: 12


More sodium facts

More Sodium Facts

  • Sodium is in the s-block in the periodic table.

  • It’s in period 3 in the periodic table.

  • Sodium is in Group 1: Alkali metal.

  • The electron configuration of sodium is 1s22s22p63s1 .


Uses of sodium

Uses of Sodium

  • Sodium compounds are used in the following industries:

  • Paper industries

  • Glass industries

  • Soap industries

  • Textile industries

  • Petroleum chemical industries

  • Metal industries

  • Rubber industries


More uses of sodium

More Uses of Sodium

  • Sodium hydroxide gets grease out of the drains.

  • Sodium hydroxide is also needed for liquid soap.

  • Sodium is in yellow highway lights.

  • Sodium is used in baking soda.

  • Sodium is also used in table salt.

  • Sodium is used in antibiotics, rat poison, and in ceramics.


Where is sodium found

Where is Sodium Found?

  • Sodium is found in the core of massive stars, where it is the product of the fusion of carbon.

  • Most sodium on earth is found in the crust where it is found in compounds.

  • Sodium is too reactive to be found free in nature.

  • Sodium makes up about 2.6% of the earth’s crust, making it the sixth most abundant element on earth.

  • Sodium is the most abundant of the alkali metals.


Sodium facts1

Sodium Facts

  • Sodium reacts with ammonia, hydrogen, halogens, and alcohol.

  • Sodium reacts with water at room temperature and forms into a sphere if the piece of sodium is large enough.

  • The oxidation states of sodium is +1.


Sodium1

Sodium

YouTube - Sodium Reacts with Liquid Water

  • Sodium acts to maintain the normal hydration state of the bodily fluids.

  • Sodium was isolated in 1807 by Sir Humphrey Davy.


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