Conditions of world war i
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Conditions of World War I. World War I – Let’s Review !. What were the four long-term causes of World War I? What was the “spark” that set off World War I?. Perception of War. What game(s) do most youth associate with war today?. What war looks like in Mr. Ziegler’s World.

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Conditions of World War I

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Conditions of world war i

Conditions of World War I

World war i let s review

World War I – Let’s Review!

  • What were the four long-term causes of World War I?

  • What was the “spark” that set off World War I?

Perception of war

Perception of War

What game(s) do most youth associate with war today?

What war looks like in Mr. Ziegler’s World.

World War I was nothing like this …

Ww1 a new kind of war

WW1: A New Kind of War

  • Many people expected World War I to be quick.

    • New Tactics:

      • 1) Barbed Wire – A significant hindrance to infantry advances

      • 2) Artillery – Vastly more lethal than in the 1870’s

      • 3) Machine Guns – Made crossing open ground difficult to near impossible

      • 4) Poison Gas – Effects were brutal, causing slow, painful deaths

Ww1 germany starts the offensive

WW1 – Germany Starts the Offensive

  • World War I officially began with the German army storming through Belgium, into France.

    • Schlieffen Plan: Germany’s plan was to quickly capture Paris so that the Western Front would be secure, then they could turn their attention east and deal with Russia.

Ww1 the offensive halts

WW1 – The Offensive Halts

  • After the German attack on Paris, France was brought to a halt, the Western Front settled into a static battle of attrition.

    • Despite repeated efforts by both sides using the newest technologies of the time, the trench line changes little until 1917.

Ww1 stalemate

World War I became a “stalemate” as it became obvious that neither side would gain a quick victory … and both sides “dug in” resulting in Trench Warfare.

WW1 - Stalemate

Ww1 trench warfare overview

WW1 – Trench Warfare Overview

Ww1 the trench system

WW1: The Trench System

  • Trenches were generally holes, dug about six feet deep.

    • Why?

  • Trenches were a lot like a maze on both sides, with bunkers used for communications and storing ammunition.

Ww1 the attack plan

WW1: The Attack Plan

Ww1 the attack plan reality

WW1: The Attack Plan Reality

Ww1 trench warfare

WW1: Trench Warfare

  • One of the most used techniques was to “soften up” the enemy trenches with artillery fire, and then send the soldiers “over the top” to try to take the enemy lines.

    • was an incredibly dangerous mission: the soldiers had to enter “No man’s land”

  • The trench could finally be taken with brutal hand-to-hand combat.

Ww1 the trench system1

WW1: The Trench System

  • The system of trench warfare resulted in huge loss of life and little gains in territory.

  • Examples:

  • 2nd Battle of Ypres: 1000 yards gained = 160,000 killed.

  • Battle of Passchendaele: 5 miles gained = 140,000 killed = Germans Take it back a few months later!

Ww1 the rats

WW1: The Rats

  • Rats, which numbered in the millions infested the trenches

    • Two Kinds: Brown and Black.

  • These rats gorged themselves on human remains.

    • As a result, some were as big as cats.

Ww1 lice and trench fever

WW1: Lice and Trench Fever

  • Lice, another problem found in the trenches.

    • Caused never-ending itching.

    • Clothes that were “de-loused” almost always still had lice eggs on them.

  • Trench Fever caused by lice.

    • Horrible fever and severe pain.

Ww1 trench foot

WW1: Trench Foot

  • Trench Foot, a fungal infection caused by standing in water for long periods of time.

    • Symptoms include:

      • Feet turning red or blue

      • Feet begin to have a decaying odor

      • Feet begin to swell

      • Advanced stages include blisters & open sores

  • If left untreated amputation was common.

Ww1 trench foot1

WW1: Trench Foot

Ww1 death on a daily basis

WW1: Death on a Daily Basis

  • Death is all around you:

    • Constant machine gun and artillery fire were common.

    • Soldiers had to resist the urge to peer over the edge of the trench

    • Soldiers had to develop ways to pass the time as well as dealing with the smell of rotting corpses, rats and mud that often filled the trenches

Ww1 trench warfare1

WW1 : Trench Warfare

  • Soldiers spent most of their time, in trenches and in dugouts waiting.


Ww1 in flander s fields

WW1 : In Flander’s Fields

In Flanders fields the poppies blow      Between the crosses, row on row,   That mark our place; and in the sky   The larks, still bravely singing, flyScarce heard amid the guns below.We are the Dead. Short days agoWe lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,   Loved and were loved, and now we lie         In Flanders fields.Take up our quarrel with the foe:To you from failing hands we throw   The torch; be yours to hold it high.   If ye break faith with us who dieWe shall not sleep, though poppies grow         In Flanders fields.

Ww1 optional assignment

WW1 : Optional Assignment

Due: Friday February 14th, 2014

What: A letter home from the perspective of a soldier in World War I (Could also be a series of letters home)


A poem about World War I

Requirements: Typed -12’ Font or written in Ink

Points Possible: 20



  • In time, new weapons were created to try to increase the ability of soldiers to take an enemy trench.

The machine gun

The machine gun (a gun that can be repeatedly fired without loading each time) increased the danger of going “over the top”.

A Machine Gun

The Machine Gun


1st made of empty bottles.

American soldiers- many of whom had played baseball- introduced more accurate ways of throwing them.


Poison gas

First chlorine, and later mustard gas were used- choking soldiers and burning their skin.

The Gas mask developed to counter this.

Poison Gas


Airplanes are 1st used in World War I- are used in trench warfare to scout the position of enemy lines.



It is later in the war when machine guns are mounted to planes and zeppelins- giant blimps- are used to drop bombs on the enemy.



Tanks were first used in World War I with mixed – mostly negative – results.

Many broke down

Tanks traveled at a “walking pace” at best.


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