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Classroom management for the 21 st Century Scholarship and certificate programme Workshop 2. Agenda for today: Classroom procedures Managing classroom procedures and transition times Developing your own classroom procedures Teacher time management Explanation of homework 1
Scholarship and certificate programme
Health warning: You can’t deliver long instructions for every single classroom procedure (and you shouldn’t have to!)
Are you receiving me?! Taken from The Psychology of Teaching and Learning in the Primary School (2004), Whitebread (Ed)
TEACHER: Right lead in quietly. (The teacher remains outside the door and as the pupils enter they begin to talk noisily but not in an unruly way. When most have entered she follows, picking her way through those who are removing jackets, getting out books and chatting. As she does so, she repeats her instructions above their noise.)
TEACHER: Can you sit down please… OK sit down please. (Before reaching her table at the front of the room she turns towards the main body of the class.)
TEACHER: Would you please sit down and would you please take your jackets off because you’re going to be (she turns and walks to the front) you’re going to be too hot otherwise. (She continues to her table and looks around the room.)
The teacher stands inside the room as pupils enter, keeping an eye on what’s happening, then calmly makes her way to her table, allowing the class time to settle before using a raised voice to make herself heard above any remaining noise:
TEACHER: Right, could I have everyone’s attention? Thanks. (Waits a few seconds.)
TEACHER: Everyone’s attention. (Looks in the direction of those not attending.)
TEACHER: I need everyone’s attention…. Thanks. (for the benefit of child who is still not listening.)
Intrinsic motivation: motivation that is driven by an interest or enjoyment in the task itself, and exists within the individual rather than relying on any external pressure.
Extrinsic motivation: motivation that comes from outside of the individual. Common extrinsic motivations are rewards like money and grades, coercion and threat of punishment.
A concept proposed by Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi:
‘The state in which people are so involved in an activity that nothing else seems to matter; the experience itself is so enjoyable that people will do it…for the sheer sake of doing it. ‘
Creativity: producing something new that is novel and of value.
Flow, creativity and motivation are linked:
Creativity increases enjoyment
Enjoyment allows you to achieve Flow
Students who experience Flow when undertaking work are intrinsically motivated to persevere