Basic Verb Tenses. Present Tenses. Simple Present. This tense describes present actions that are habitual or facts that are always true. I walk You walk He/She/It walks We walk They walk. Present Progressive.
This tense describes present actions that are habitual or facts that are always true.
This tense describes an action occurring at the moment of speaking or writing.
I am walking
You are walking
He/She/It is walking
We are walking
They are walking
It can be easy to confuse the simple present and the present progressive tenses. In fact the two tenses can be used to describe the same action, but the speaker would use them at different times and in different situations.
For instance, if you asked a friend what he or she was doing, the friend might reply: “I am going to the store.” However, if you asked your friend when he or she shops, the friend might say “I go to the store on Tuesdays.”
Present perfect describes a present condition that is influenced by past events.
“I have walked” means that I am in the condition of having walked.
Though present perfect describes past events it is a present tense.
I have walked
You have walked
He/She/It has walked
We have walked
They have walked
Use the past tense for events that happened in the past.
Past progressive still describes events that have already happened, but were ongoing, and is often used to compare an ongoing past event to an event in the simple past.
Ex. I was eating lunch when I saw the car.
I was walking
You were walking
He/She/It was walking
We were walking
They were walking
Past perfect is used for past events which occurred prior to another past event.
Ex.: I had eaten all the sandwiches when you got home.
I had walked
You had walked
He/She/It had walked
We had walked
They had walked
Use the simple future tense to describe events that will happen in the future.
I will walk
You will walk
He/She/It will walk
We will walk
They will walk
You can also use “going to” to describe future events.
I am going to walk
You are going to walk
He/She/It is going to walk
We are going to walk
They are going to walk
Use this tense for future ongoing events. It is often used in the context of other future events.
Ex. I will be running when the show comes on.
Tip!: Notice how the second verb “comes” is in present tense, but still refers to a future event.
I will be walking
You will be walking
He/She/It will be walking
We will be walking
They will be walking
The future perfect tense describes a future state influenced by events that took place prior to that time.
It also uses a second verb in present tense that really talks about a future event.
Ex. I will have eaten supper by the time you get home.
I will have walked
You will have walked
He/She/It will have walked
We will have walked
They will have walked