The french revolution
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The French Revolution. Standard. Standard 3: History: WORLD HISTORY-Understand important historical events from classical civilization through the present. Benchmark.

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The French Revolution

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The french revolution

The French Revolution


Standard

Standard

  • Standard 3: History: WORLD HISTORY-Understand important historical events from classical civilization through the present


Benchmark

Benchmark

  • Compare the causes and effects of the early modern democratic revolutions, including the American Revolution, French Revolution, Haitian Revolution, and South American revolutions


French revolution

French Revolution

  • What: overthrow of French monarchy to a republic

  • When: 1789 to 1799

  • Sig: first time monarchy overthrown for a democracy

  • Connection: led to nationalism


Links to the past

Links to the Past

  • Enlightenment

    • Revolutionaries used Enlightenment ideas.

    • Emphasize individual

    • Rejected divine right

  • American Revolution

    • Found inspiration from them

    • Showed Enlightenment ideas can work


Causes political and social

Causes-Political and Social

  • Political and social inequalities

    • King ruled as absolute monarch

    • What is an absolute monarch?

    • French people divided into 3 estates-social classes.


Causes political and social con t

Causes-Political and Social (con’t)

  • First estate-clergy (priests)-130,000 people.

    • Divided into higher and lower clergy.

  • Second estate-nobility-350,000 people.

  • First and Second estate exempt from taxes, were wealthy.

  • Third estate-commoners-27 million people.

    • farmers, skilled laborers, middle class.

  • Each estate had one vote.


Causes political and social con t1

Causes-Political and Social (con’t)


Causes economic

Causes-Economic

  • King Louis XVI spent too much money.

  • 1789-government bankrupt.

  • Who do you think will bear the brunt of taxes?


Causes enlightenment

Causes-Enlightenment

  • American Revolution encouraged Frenchmen to fight for their freedom against tyranny.

  • Ideas of Enlightenment thinkers encouraged French to go against rulers.

  • Who were some Enlightenment thinkers and what were their ideas?


Events

Events

  • King Louis XVI called a meeting (Estates-General) in 1789

  • Third Estate deputies upset with voting procedure.

  • Third Estate deputies withdrew, called itself a National Assembly, agreed to draft a constitution.

    • Which other country had a constitution already?


Events con t

Events (con’t)

  • Third Estate deputies swore a Tennis Court Oath-promised to write a constitution.

  • King Louis XVI was going to use force, but the commoners stormed Bastille-armory and prison in Paris.

  • Storming of Bastille started French Revolution, 1789.


Events con t1

Events (con’t)

  • National Assembly wrote Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen.

    • Freedom and rights to all citizens, access to public office based on talent, end to exemptions from taxes, all citizens could make laws, freedom of speech and press.

    • What is this based off of?


Effects of french revolution

Effects of French Revolution

  • No more nobility

  • Catholic Church had lands seized and sold, also French government controlled it.

  • Clergy elected by people and paid by state.

  • It led to wars with other countries like Austria and Prussia to attack.

    • Why?

  • French died to protect their country, their identity as Frenchmen.


Effects con t

Effects (con’t)

  • Led to reign of terror

    • Anyone associated with royal family was executed.

  • United States condemned it because of executions.

  • Led to rise of Napoleon


Effects con t1

Effects (con’t)

  • France no longer a medieval state.

  • Kept church and politics separate.

  • Enduring administrative and legal system Napoleon would spread throughout Europe.

  • Led to European Nationalism after Napoleon.


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