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WORLD WAR I. 1914 - 1918. Causes of World War I. MILITARISM – creation of large powerful militaries and stockpiling weapons ALLIANCE SYSTEM – nations pledge to protect and support each other IMPERIALISM – when a stronger nation takes over a weaker nation (to gain $, power, respect)

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world war i

WORLD WAR I

1914 - 1918

causes of world war i
Causes of World War I
  • MILITARISM – creation of large powerful militaries and stockpiling weapons
  • ALLIANCE SYSTEM – nations pledge to protect and support each other
  • IMPERIALISM – when a stronger nation takes over a weaker nation (to gain $, power, respect)
  • NATIONALISM – pride or love for one’s nation
the assassination of the archduke
THE ASSASSINATION OFTHE ARCHDUKE

Shot Rings Throughout Europe

slide7

Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia…

Little do they know Allies are waiting in the wings

Propaganda like this was recruiting allied soldiers

slide9

No smiling and relaxed faces…

No clean uniforms…

Their equipment is scattered everywhere…

Boredom and sleep are obvious…

life in the trenches
Life in the trenches
  • Millions of rats! (~900 offspring a year)
    • Brown rats ate human remains
    • Grew to the size of cats
  • Lice
    • Leads to trench fever
  • Trench foot (fungal infection)
    • Cold, wet, blood, urine, vomit, feces
  • Smell
    • Rotting bodies, gas, feet, etc.
  • “No man’s land”
slide13

No Man’s Land

  • The area between trenches of opposing armies
  • Covered with barbed wire, mines, and fallen soldiers
poisonous gas
Poisonous Gas
  • This war was also the first to use chlorine and mustard gas. The German army was the first to use chlorine in 1915.
  • French soldiers had not come across this before and assumed that it was a smoke screen. It has a distinctive smell – a mixture of pepper and pineapple – and they only realized they were being gassed when they started to have chest pains and a burning sensation in their throats!
  • Death is painful – you suffocate.
u boats
U-Boats

The U-boat campaign can be broken into two distinct phases. The first was aimed at allied surface warships; The second, and ultimately more successful, was targeted towards allied shipping - using the U-boat as a tool to enforce an embargo.

casualties
CASUALTIES

GRAND TOTAL- 37 million

  • 8.5 M killed –21 M wounded 7.7 MIA

Top losers

  • Russia- 9.15 Million Casualties
  • Germany 7.1 M
  • Austria 7 M (90% of men mobilized)
  • France 6.1 M
effects of ww1
Effects of WW1
  • ALLIES WIN!!!
  • Every continent but Antarctica involved
  • “Total War”
    • 20 million deaths (+21 million wounded)
    • $338 billion
  • Women
    • Factories, offices, shops, hospitals, etc.
  • Treaty of Versailles
    • League of Nations
results of world war i
Results of World War I
  • Political Cost
  • Economic Cost
  • Treaty of Versailles
  • Making Peace
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