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Satiric Devices. CARACATURE. A picture, description, etc., ludicrously exaggerating the peculiarities or defects of persons or things. HYPERBOLE. Exaggeration for the sake of emphasis in a figure of speech not meant literally. Example: I am so hungry I can eat a horse.

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caracature
CARACATURE

A picture, description, etc., ludicrously exaggerating the peculiarities or defects of persons or things.

hyperbole
HYPERBOLE
  • Exaggeration for the sake of emphasis in a figure of speech not meant literally.
    • Example:
      • I am so hungry I can eat a horse.
      • Thomas runs faster than a speeding bullet.
      • I think I have over a billion texts today!
understatement
UNDERSTATEMENT
  • a rhetorical figure by which something is referred to in terms less important than it really deserves.
    • This “lessening” takes something very impressive and describes it with simplicity.
irony
IRONY

A subtly humorous perception of inconsistency, in which an apparently straightforward statement or event is undermined by its context so as to give it a very different significance.

irony cont
IRONY (cont.)

DRAMATIC IRONY occurs when the readers or audience know something the characters do not

COSMIC or SITUATIONAL IRONY exists when the outcome of the situation is the opposite of what someone expected

verbal irony sarcasm mockery
VERBAL IRONY: SARCASM/ MOCKERY
    • exists when a person says one thing while meaning another; a contrast between what is said and meant
  • Harsh or bitter derision or irony.
slide8
WIT
  • A much-debated term with a number of meanings ranging from the general notion of ‘intelligence’ through the more specific ‘ingenuity’ or ‘quickness of mind’ to the narrower modern idea of amusing verbal cleverness.
allusion
ALLUSION
  • An indirect or passing reference to some event, person, place, or artistic work, the nature and relevance of which its not explained by the writer but relies on the reader’s familiarity with what is thus mentioned.
    • Example
      • He is my Romeo and I am his Juliet.
juxtaposition
JUXTAPOSITION

A placing close together or side-by-side, esp. for comparison or contrast.

horatian
HORATIAN

The author mildly pokes fun at a subject.

Gentle urbane, smiling; aims to correct by gentle and broadly sympathetic laughter.

juvenalian
JUVENALIAN

The author mercilessly criticizes certain practices or characters.

Biting, bitter, angry it points with contempt and moral indignation to the corruption and evil of people and institutions.

parody
PARODY

A literary or artistic work that imitates the characteristic style of an author or a work for comic effect or ridicule

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