Chapter 3: America and the Great War. Americans fought in the . G.R.E.A.T. W.A.R. Chapter 3: America and the Great War. German U-boats anger U.S. G. “ U-boats” are German submarines (“unterseeboots” in German)
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German U-boats anger U.S.G.
“U-boats” are German submarines (“unterseeboots” in German)
The 1915 sinking of the passenger ship Lusitania turned Americans decidedly against Germany
Germany ends unrestricted submarine warfare after the Lusitania, but resumes it in 1917
Reaction: convoy systemR.
The convoy system saved Allied shipping after U.S. entry in 1917
Enter war after Zimmerman NoteE.
The Zimmerman Note (or Telegram) was sent from Germany to Mexico
Germany promised to help Mexico win back Mexican lands lost in Mexican-American war (Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona) if Mexico joined Central Powers
Alvin York: heroA.
Alvin York was an American soldier from Tennessee
Led attack on German machine gun nest
Almost single handedly killed 28 Germans and captured 132 others
The Western Front in France was known for trench warfare
The machine gun made advancing on a defensive position like trenches virtual suicide
The invention of the tank would be a turning point in countering trenches
Weapons more advancedW.
New weapons made World War I the deadliest war ever fought (until World War II)
Submarines, tanks, airplanes, machine guns, and poison gas were some of the most notorious new weapons
American key victory at St. MihielA.
Americans attacked the St. Mihiel battle front in September of 1918
It became a key breakthrough in the German line that would lead to Germany’s surrender on November 11
As America entered the war in 1917, Russian fell into revolution
Communist leader Vladimir Lenin staged a coup d’etat in November 1917 (October on Russian calendar)
The U.S.S.R. was created—the Soviet Union would become a key rival during the Cold War