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Chapter 3: America and the Great War. Americans fought in the . G.R.E.A.T. W.A.R. Chapter 3: America and the Great War. German U-boats anger U.S. G. “ U-boats” are German submarines (“unterseeboots” in German)

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Americans fought in the

Chapter 3: America and the Great War

Americans fought in the

G.R.E.A.T.

W.A.R.


Americans fought in the

Chapter 3: America and the Great War

German U-boats anger U.S.

G.

“U-boats” are German submarines (“unterseeboots” in German)

The 1915 sinking of the passenger ship Lusitania turned Americans decidedly against Germany

Germany ends unrestricted submarine warfare after the Lusitania, but resumes it in 1917


Americans fought in the

Chapter 3: America and the Great War

Reaction: convoy system

R.

The convoy system saved Allied shipping after U.S. entry in 1917


Americans fought in the

Chapter 3: America and the Great War

Enter war after Zimmerman Note

E.

The Zimmerman Note (or Telegram) was sent from Germany to Mexico

Germany promised to help Mexico win back Mexican lands lost in Mexican-American war (Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona) if Mexico joined Central Powers


Americans fought in the

Chapter 3: America and the Great War

Alvin York: hero

A.

Alvin York was an American soldier from Tennessee

Led attack on German machine gun nest

Almost single handedly killed 28 Germans and captured 132 others


Americans fought in the

Chapter 3: America and the Great War

Trench warfare

T.

The Western Front in France was known for trench warfare

The machine gun made advancing on a defensive position like trenches virtual suicide

The invention of the tank would be a turning point in countering trenches


Americans fought in the

Chapter 3: America and the Great War

Weapons more advanced

W.

New weapons made World War I the deadliest war ever fought (until World War II)

Submarines, tanks, airplanes, machine guns, and poison gas were some of the most notorious new weapons


Americans fought in the

Chapter 3: America and the Great War

American key victory at St. Mihiel

A.

Americans attacked the St. Mihiel battle front in September of 1918

It became a key breakthrough in the German line that would lead to Germany’s surrender on November 11


Americans fought in the

Chapter 3: America and the Great War

Russian Revolution

R.

As America entered the war in 1917, Russian fell into revolution

Communist leader Vladimir Lenin staged a coup d’etat in November 1917 (October on Russian calendar)

The U.S.S.R. was created—the Soviet Union would become a key rival during the Cold War


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