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What is Ramadan - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ramadan. Ramadan is derived from the Arabic root “ramida” or “arramad” which means intense scorching, heat and dryness, especially of the ground. This also translates to the thirst and hunger associated with fasting. Ramadan. Ramadan is a pillar of Islam.

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  • Ramadan is derived from the Arabic root “ramida” or “arramad” which means intense scorching, heat and dryness, especially of the ground. This also translates to the thirst and hunger associated with fasting.

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  • Ramadan is a pillar of Islam.

  • Ramadan is the ninth month of the Muslim calendar. which is celebrated from beginning to end as holy - in fact, many regard it as the holiest time of the Muslim year.

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  • The month of Ramadan is also when it is believed the Holy Quran “was sent down from heaven, guidance unto men, a declaration of direction, and a means of Salvation”.

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One may eat and drink at any time during the night "until you can plainly distinguish a white thread from a black thread by the daylight: then keep the fast until night"

-Holy Qur’an

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During the dawn and daylight hours – Muslims totally abstain from food, drink, smoking, and sex.

  • Pre-fast meal (suhoor) before dawn.

  • post-fast meal (iftar) after sunset.

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Exempted from fasting

  • Young Children.

  • The insane.

  • People in poor health.

  • Pregnant women.

  • Nursing women.

  • Menstruating women.

  • Travelers, if the distance traveled is great.

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Eid ul-Fitr, often abbreviated as simply Eid, is an Islamicholiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the month of fasting. Fitr means "to break" and therefore symbolizes the breaking of the fasting period and of all evil habits.

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Eid is a time to come together as a community and to renew friendship and family ties. This is a time for peace for all Muslims in the world to devote to prayers and mutual well-being.

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Common greetings during this three-day festival are the Arabic greeting

"Eid mubarak“ or "Eid saeed" !" which, loosely translated, means "Happy Eid!.

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Eid-ul-Fitr is not only for celebrations, it is also the time for Muslims to clean their sins.

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Battle of Badr: This was a key battle in the year 625 CE and which occurred on the 17th day of Ramadan .

Retaking of Mecca: On the 19th of Ramadan in the year 630 CE it is believed that Muhammad manage to return and retake the city of Mecca from his opponents.

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  • Deaths: A number of important deaths occurred during the month of Ramadan: Muhammad's first wife, Khadija (10th) and both Ali and the 8th Shiite Imam, Ali Reza (21st).

  • Births: A number of important births also occurred during the month of Ramadan: Hussein (6th), who was later martyred and Ali (22nd).

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Laylat al-Qadr: This literally means "the night of power," and is celebrated on one of the last ten days during the month of Ramadan. But always on an odd numbered day.

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Tradition holds that on this night, the prayers of a sincere and devout Muslim are sure to be answered because it is believed to be the night when the Quran was first revealed to Muhammad.

Laylat al-Qadr continue